Dragonfly

POH Transcripts - 1865

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January 1865.

Sunday. January 1. 1865. _ New Years Day.

Fri. Jan. 27. Went from Sidmouth to Dawlish. The cold severe, and more snow than has been seen for many years. On Aylesbere Hill, the trees and bushes hung with snow, were beautiful. The travelling very difficult. Remained at Belmont Villa till March 11. Took many pleasant walks when the weather would allow. The winter has been very severe.

Note:- No more entries in diary until March 11.

March 1865.

Sat. Mar. 11. 1865. - Returned to Sidmouth

 

Th. Mar. 23. Meeting at National School, the Vicar in the chair, to try the possibility of founding a new Choral Society. When the former one was wound up seven years ago, the £11 in hand was given me to take care of, as one of the Trustees appointed.

April 1865.

Sat. Ap. 15. Men engaged polishing border, inlaid zig-zag in oak and walnut, in Library on north side of Old Chancel.

 

Sat. Ap. 22. Accompanied Mr. Heineken, and his nephew Mr. Thomas Horsfall from Hornby Grange, Yorkshire, to Offwell and Widworthy. Sketched holy water stoup in south porch of Offwell church. Old oak carving of Last Supper on Reading desk. Oak carving at west end of North aisle, formerly brought from London. Observed that the floor descends from west door to east end. There is, near the schools, a large square granite pillar on a pedastal, covered with Runic patterns. On the pedastal are the words - “Crocker, Crwys, and Coplestone, when the Conqueror came, were found at home.” This was erected by Bishop Coplestone.

On Widworthy Hill, south of the church, in a plantation, we found a circular enclosure. 90 paces north and south and 92 the other way. It may be called a circle, 225 feet in diameter, allowing 2 feet 6 inches to a step.

We then went down and measured Castle Wood at Widworthy: also the girth of one of the Spanish Chestnuts on the east side: and made it 20 feet and 6 inches: then to the church, where there is a fine yew tree at the west door. Over the lower door there is a shield bearing three locks. Over the south door there is an old dial without style. Inside, there are monuments to the Tuckers, Marwoods, &c, and a recumbent figure in the north transept. Returning home I made sketches of “Gray Stone” on the north side of the road about half a mile west of Wilmington, (supposed an ancient landmark), and of “Drummer Stone” 50 yards up Drummer Stone Lane, (on north side) and on the left side going up. Some say a Drummer of a regiment passing that way died there - and hence the name, but this may be conjecture.

TH, April 27, 1865: - Went as before to Hawksdown Hill Camp. Proceeded via Trow Hill and along the level till we descended to Colyford. Crossed Ax Bridge, and turned south to the foot of the hill. Eat our sandwiches and then mounted – and a rather stiff pull on a warm sunny day. The chasm on the north side of the upper part is natural, but it serves the purpose of an immense foss. The camp appears to have been surrounded by two aggers with a foss between them. The work is most perfect at the east, where the slope of the agger is 50 feet. The interior area is 852 feet long, 466 wide at the east end, and 420 two thirds towards the west. About 200 feet east of the east end a hedge runs across the ridge of the hill. It may be a question whether this was an outwork. I think not however, as there is no foss. The west point of the camp rises above the river Ax, and commands an extensive view. We found many Sling stones in the interior, being beach pebbles, like those at Stockland and Sidbury Castle.

We descended and visited Axmouth church, which wants restoring. There is a hagioscope or squint, but is stopped up.

We did not get home till after nine.

May 1865.

Sidmouth, May 1865.

Note :- The following are newspaper articles P.O.H. has attached to his diary.

ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT LINCILN.

On receiving the melancholy intelligence of the lamentable occurrences in the United States, the members of Parliament assembled in the House of Commons, comprising of gentlemen of all parties, and immediately signed the following address of sympathy to the resident American Minister, to whom it was presented at six o’clock on Wednesday evening:-

“We the undersigned, members of the House of Commons, have learned with the deepest horror and regret that the President of the United States of America has been deprived of life by an act of violence; and we desire to express our sympathy on the sad event with the American Minister now in London, as well as to declare our hope and confidence in the future of that great country, which, we trust will continue to be associated with enlightened freedoms and peaceful relations with this and every other country.

“London, April 26.”

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Abraham Lincoln has fallen by the assassin’s hand; fallen as Julius Caesar fell on those fatal “Ides of March,” but by the hand of a baser Brutus; fallen as, to our human eyes and fallible judgment, he little deserved to fall, shot through the head with a pistol by a wretched conspirator. Like most of his countrymen who have risen into the foremost rank as a statesman, he was a self-made man. He was the son of a working man, and began life as a working man himself. He was born in Kentucky on the 12th of February, 1809, and when he was quite a child his father removed with his family to Spencer County, Indiana, where he assisted his parents by working on the farm. Lincoln did not pick up at home more than the rudiments of education, the supply of which is so good and plentiful in America. For his remarkable, and, on the whole most successful career, he was mainly indebted to his own untutored genius, and to a large experience of men and things gained in an active and energetic life – practically the only schooling to which he could lay claim. In March, 1830, when about 20 years of age, he removed with his father into Illinois, where he was employed building a log cabin afterwards occupied by the family. In the next year we find engaging himself to build a flat boat, which he afterwards took to New Orleans. At this time he received as his wages the sum of 12 dollars a month. It is said that the grandfather of Abraham Lincoln came from Virginia, and he lost his life at the hands of Indian tribes. This much, however, is certain, that the father of the future President died young, leaving a widow and several children, of whom, Abraham was one, being at the time six years old. A writer who knew him personally as a boy thus describes the condition of the household :-

Poor and struggling, his mother could afford only eight months’ schooling, and in the clearing of that new, unsettled country, the healthy stripling went to work to hew hickory and gum trees, to grapple with remonstrating bears, and to look out for the too frequent rattle-snake. Tall, strong, lithe, and smiling, Ade toiled as a farm labourer, mule-driver, sheep-feeder, wood-cutter, and deer-killer, and, lastly as a boatman on the banks of the Wabash and the Mississippi.

It was when he arrived at early manhood that Abraham Lincoln, or “Abe,” for so he was familiarly called - broke away from this wild kind of life, and went off to Illinois, first as a field labourer, afterwards as a shopman, and lastly, by a natural American transition, as a voluntary in the New Salem Company, bound for the war in Florida, against either Black Hawk or Billy Bowlegs, or some other disparate Indian chief determined to defend his cedar-trees, sand-plains, and marshes. This was the making of the man: he had pluck, principles, energy, adroitness, self-confidence, and other qualities which mark the “ rough and ready” American. Daylight began to show, and he soon found himself raised to the rank of captain.

When the war was over, Abe returned to Springfield, the captain of Illinois, and in the following year – just about the time of our own Reform Bill being passed – he became a candidate for a seat in the Legislature on Whig principles, but was unsuccessful. He turned his attention in another direction, and became a store-keeper, with which he subsequently combined the postmastership of Salem. He now resolved to try his hand at law, but he studied it under great disadvantages, owing to his state of “chronic impecuniosity,” which rendered it impossible for him to procure the necessary supply of books for the purpose.

In 1834 he succeeded in what had been the ambition of his maturer years, and obtained a seat in the Legislature, which he had the good fortune to hold for some four or five years, securing his re-election on three or four separate occasions between that date and the year 1840. During this time he had been admitted as an advocate, and practised with some success at Springfield. He had now become an ardent politician, and when Henry Clay was a candidate for the Presidency Mr. Lincoln was one of his most enthusiastic supporters. In 1846 he was retuned to Congress, where he sat three years, and became conspicuous in the House of Representatives as an Abolitionist. With that party he voted for the Wilmot Proviso, and against territorial aggrandizement; he resisted Douglas, and opposed the Mexican war as unconstitutional. In 1849, and again in 1854, Mr. Lincoln retired from politics, and devoted his time to his profession. In the latter year he was an unsuccessful candidate for Illinois. In 1856 he took an active part in supporting Fremont against Buchanan in the contest for the Presidency. In 1858 he was the Republican candidate for Illinois for the United States Senate, but was defeated by Douglas. Two years later he was put forward by his party as the Republican and Abolitionist candidate for the Presidentship; and, partly in consequence of divisions in the Democratic camp, and partly owing to the vote of the Democratic State of Pennsylvania, secured by a prospective high tariff, he was elected in November, 1860, against such formidable rivals as Douglas, Breckenridge, and Bell. Mr. Lincoln polled a majority of votes in every Northern State except New Jersey; but he did not receive a majority of the popular votes throughout the entire Union. He was thus elected President under the forms of the Constitution, with a majority of nearly a million votes against him. The most intense excitement was caused in the Slave States by the election of so uncompromising an Abolitionist; and no time was lost by the Southerners in making active preparations during Mr. Buchanan’s term of office for that dire struggle of which the advent had been foreseen for several years. On the 20th of December, 1860, the South Carolina Convention passed an ordinance in favour of secession by a unanimous vote. The news of this decided step was hailed with enthusiasm by the inhabitants of other Southern States. Four days later, Governor Picken issued a proclamation, declaring South Carolina to be a separate sovereign State, with the right to levy war, conclude peace, negotiate treaties, and to do all acts rightly appertaining to a free and independent State. On the 31st of December the South Carolina troops took possession of the arsenal at Charleston, which contained several thousand stand of arms and a large quantity of military stores. On the 3rd of January, 1861, Governor Ellis, of North Carolina, despatched troops to seize Fort Macon, the forts at Wilmington, and the arsenal at Fayetteville. Meanwhile the most alarming rumours were circulating regarding the intention of the disappointed Democrats in the North to resist any attempt to go to war for the maintenance of the Union. In the event of the firing of a single gun in opposition to Secession, the sympathisers with the South declared that Mr. Lincoln’s life would not be worth a week’s purchase. Even the Abolitionists were not unfavourable to the scheme of separation from the slave-holding States. On the 21st of January, Wendell Phillips, one of their most eloquent orators, addressed a meeting at Preston in favour of separation. On the 13th of February, Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois, and Hannibal Hamlin, of Main, were declared to be duly elected President and Vice-President of the United States for the term of four years from March 4, 1861. Mr. Lincoln arrived at Washington on the 23rd of February, having made part of the journey secretly, on account of the alleged intention of the Democrats to assassinate him on his way; and his formal installation took place on the 4th of March. His inaugural Message, which was strongly in favour of Union, leaving slavery as it was, and pledging the Government to defend the “domestic institution” if the South against the anti-slavery agitators, pleased neither the Secessionists nor the Abolitionists of the North. At this critical juncture it seemed for a short time that the hitter feud between North and South, which, after smouldering for so many years, was at last on the point of bursting into open conflagration, might possibly be smothered by a new compromise. But the Southern leaders had made up their minds for separation, and the Republican party in the North, although in favour of letting the “wayward sisters depart in peace,” had not influence enough with the Government to procure the adoption of its views. At that period Mr. Lincoln was completely under the guidance of Mr. Secretary Seward, whose uppermost thought was how to preserve the Union unbroken at any cost. Fortunately for his policy, the capture of Fort Sumter by General Beauregard roused a strong war feeling throughout the Northern States. Which gave the Government enormous strength by uniting all parties, at the time, in angry resistance to the rebellious South, and in a firm determination to bring back to the Union the States which had revolted. The rest of the President’s life if we were to write it, would really be little less than the history of the fearful and fatal war which has laid waste America for the last four years. “Old Abe,” wrote one who knew him well, “is a gaunt giant, more than six feet high, strong and long-limbed. He walks slowly, and like many thoughtful men – Napoleon and Wordsworth, for example – he keeps his head inclined forward and downwards. His hair is black and wiry; his eyes are dark grey; his smile is frank, sincere, and winning. Like most American gentlemen, he is loose and careless in dress, turns down his flapping white collars, and wears habitually what we should call evening dress. His head is massive, his brow full and wide, his nose large and fleshy, his mouth coarse and full; his eyes are sunken, his face bronzed and thin, and drawn down into strong corded lines, which disclose the machinery that moves his broad and formidable jaw.”

President Johnson.

Andrew Johnson. A United States senator from Tennessee, was born in Raleigh, North Carolina, December 29, 1808. When he was four years of age he lost his father, who died from the effect of exertions to save a friend from drowning. At the age of 10 he was apprenticed to a tailor in his native city, with whom he served seven years. His mother was unable to afford him any educational advantages, and he never attended school a day in his life. While learning his trade, however, he resolved to make an effort to educate himself. Having completed his apprenticeship in the autumn of 1824, he went to Laurens Courthouse, South Carolina, where he worked as a journeyman for nearly two years. In May, 1826, he returned to Raleigh, where he procured journey-work, and remained until September. He then set out to seek his fortune in the West, carrying with him his mother, who was dependent upon him for support. He stopped at Greenville, Tennessee, and commenced work as a journeyman. He remained there about 12 months, married, and soon afterwards went still further westward, but, failing to find a suitable place to settle, he returned to Greenville and commenced business. Up to this time his education was limited to reading, as he never had an opportunity of learning to write or cipher, but under the direction of his wife he learned these and other branches. The only time, however, he could devote to them was in the dead of night. The first office which he ever held was that of Alderman to the village, to which he was elected in 1828. He was re-elected to the same position in 1829, and again in 1830. In that year he was chosen Mayor, which position he held for three years. In 1825 he was elected to the Legislature. In the session of that year he took decided ground against a scheme of internal improvements, which he contended would not only prove a failure, but entail upon the State a burdensome debt. The measure was popular, however, and at the next election (1837) he was defeated. He became a candidate again in 1839. By this time, however, the evils which he had predicted were fully demonstrated, and he was elected by a large majority. In 1840 he served as Presidential elector for the State at large on the Democratic ticket. He canvassed a large portion of this State, meeting upon the stump several of the leading Whig orators. In 1841 he was elected to the State Senate. In 1843 he was elected to Congress, where, by successive elections. He served until 1853. During this period of service he was conspicuous and active in advocating the bill for refunding the fine imposed upon Gen. Jackson at New Orleans in 1815, the annexation of Texas, the tariff of 1846, the war measures of Mr. Polk’s administration, and a homestead bill. In 1853 he was elected Governor of Tennessee after an exciting canvas. He was re-elected in 1855, after another active contest. At the expiration of his second period as Governor, in 1857, he was elected United States Senator for the full term, ending March 3. 1863.

WILKES BOOTH.

Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Lincoln, is said to be the son of an English tragedian, whom some of our theatrical readers may, perhaps, recollect. He (the father) is thus described in the American Encyclopaedia :-

“ Booth, Junius Brutus, an English tragedian, born in London, May, 1796, died on the passage from New Orleans to Cincinnati, December, 1852. After fulfilling engagements at Deptford, near London, and other places, and even performing at Brussels, in 1814 he made his debut at Covent-Garden Theatre, in London, as Richard III. His personal resemblance to the crooked-backed tyrant conformed exactly to the traditions of the stage, and his personification of the character was in other respects so striking that he competed successfully with Edmund Kean, then just rising into fame. The managers of Drury-lane induced him to act there in the same plays with Kean; but when, after a few nights, he was again announced at Covent-garden, his appearance was the signal for a serous theatrical riot, which resulted in driving him for a time from the London stage. In1821 he made his first appearance in the United States—at Petersburg, Virginia, and in New York, at the Park Theatre, in the succeeding year, on both of which occasions he assumed his favourite character of Richard III. From that time until the close of his life he acted repeatedly in every theatre in the United States, and, in spite of certain irregular habits, which sometimes interfered with the performance of his engagements, enjoyed a popularity which a less gifted actor would have forfeited. During the latter part of his life he resided with his family at Baltimore, making occasional professional excursions to other cities. He had just returned from a lucrative tour to California when he died. The range of characters which Booth assumed was limited, and was confined almost exclusively to those which he had studied in the beginning his career. He is most closely identified with that of Richard, in which, after Edmund Kean’s death, he had no rival. Among his other most familiar personations were Iago, Shylock, Hamlet, Sir Giles Overreach, and Sir Edmund Mortimer. In his peculiar sphere – this sudden and nervous expression of concentrated passion—as also in the more quiet and subtle passages of his delineations, he exercised a wonderful away over his audience, and his appearance upon the stage has been known to awe a crowded and tumultuous house into instant silence. His presence and action, notwithstanding his short stature, were imposing, and his face, originally moulded after the antique type, was capable of wonderful expression under the influence of excitement. Several of his children have inherited a portion of his dramatic talent, and are now prominent actors on the American stage.”

Wilkes Booth is also said to have been on the stage, and to have been an especial favourite at Mobile. It was probably by means of his familiarity with the arrangements behind the scenes that he contrived to effect his escape from the theatre.

THE FUNERAL OF THE LATE PRESIDENT

The funeral ceremony at Washington took place on the 19th, and was of a very imposing character. Those present represented all the great bodies in the country, and General Grant and Admiral Farragut walked arm-in-arm.

The Rev. Dr. Hall, Episcopal minister, opened the services by reading the Episcopal burial service for the dead. Then was read the lesson, from the 15th chapter of St. Paul to the Corinthians, beginning with the 20th verse.

The Right Rev. Bishop Simpson, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, then delivered a most eloquent and affecting prayer, after which the Rev. Dr. Gurley, of the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, in which the deceased President had worshiped, delivered the funeral sermon.

In the procession, a detachment of coloured troops took the lead, and amongst the rest were a battalion of scarred and maimed veterans, with bandaged limbs and heads, with an arm or a leg gone, and some hobbling along on crutches.

The body is to be buried in Illinois, Mr. Lincoln’s native state.

The body of the President left Washington on the 21st inst., and arrived in Baltimore at ten o’clock. From the railway station in the latter city an immense civic and military procession attended its conveyance to the Exchange, where it remain until two o’clock in the afternoon. Thence it was conveyed to Harrisburg, reaching there in the evening. Next day the body would arrive at Philadelphia, and remain there till 24th ult, whence it would be brought on to New York, arriving on the morning of the 24th. The remains will lie in state until the hour for the grand procession to move on the following day.

In an account of the reception of the news of the assassination in New York, the correspondent of the Daily News says, describing the Sunday after the murder:-

“In all the churches the pulpits were draped in morning. In most of the private houses there was, in addition to the mourning outside, some tribute to the great railsplitter’s memory in the window—his portrait wreathed with white flowers, garlands if immortelles, or mourning borders to the curtains. Few sermons, I believe, were delivered which were not wholly about the murder; some in which most of the preacher’s remarks were not coloured or inspired by it. Even in the Episcopal churches it was allowed to throw a dark shadow over the calibration of Easter. * * There is hardly a little huckster or cobbler in New York who has not his door wreathed with black and white muslin. One hardly meets a workman in the street who does not wear a piece of crape on his arm or a mourning rosette on his collar.”

Friday. Ap. 28. Heard of the death of cousin John Hutchinson, and asked to attend the funeral.

Sat. Ap. 29. Started, and got to Lichfield.

Sun. Ap. 30. In Lichfield.

Mon. May 1. Went on.

Tu. May 2. The funeral at Blurton.

 

Note :- P.O.H. has attached two newspaper article’s relating to the Rev. John Hutchinson the firstt dated May 6, 1865 and the second describing the funeral.

 

THE LATE REV. JOHN HUTCHINSON, M.A.

The late John Hutchinson, Precentor and Canon Residentiary of Lichfield Cathedral, and Perpetual Curate of Blurton, in the parish of Trentham, was the son of Elisha Hutchinson, and grandson of Thomas Hutchinson, Governor of Massachusetts Bay, whose devoted loyalty to his sovereign, George III. (a trait transmitted to his grandson), exposed him to the enmity of the Republican party at the outbreak of the American war. One of the first acts of open violence which preceded it was the burning of the Government House at Boston, U.S, by the mob in 1771. Governor Hutchinson came to England in 1774, and settled in London, where he died, Elisha, his second son, taking up his residence in Birmingham.

John Hutchinson was ordained and licensed to the curacy of Trentham during the incumbency of the late Thomas Butt, on St. Barnabas Day, 1817; and from that date till his decease on Thursday in the last week—a period of forty-eight years—the parish of Trentham continued to be the scene of his various and unremitting labours in behalf of the people under his pastoral charge. It is not possible in a few words to give such an outline of his parochial work as shall show the laborious character of it to those unconnected with the parish itself. As a man is only thoroughly known in his own home, so a clergyman and his work can only be measured by his parishioners. The following, however, is a brief enumeration of the churches which were erected in the parish mainly through his exertions aided by those who appreciated them, or who had the means to give effect to the plans which he submitted to them, and such works illustrate—and no more—the zeal and perseverance of John Hutchinson as the minister of Hanford or of Blurton, or of Normacot, or of Dresden; but they tell nothing of the steady discharge of pastoral duties in the congregation, the school, or from house to house in each hamlet, for nearly half a century, under five successive bishops of this diocese. When he entered upon his duties as curate of Trentham, the only churches of the parish were the mother church of Trentham and the chapel of ease at Blurton. Hanford Church was built in 1827, and this afforded, it is believed, the first and only instance of the consecration of a Church in North Staffordshire for 35 years. The church of the Holy Evangelists, provided for the inhabitants of the district of Normacot (a district assigned to Blurton), and built at the sole cost of the late Duke of Sutherland, was consecrated in 1847. It 1853, the church at Red Bank was consecrated, to meet the spiritual needs of a population, now amounting to nearly 3,000 at Dresden.

The circumstances under which this church was built are, we believe, without precedent in the annals of modern church building, and aptly exhibit the forethought and energy of a clergyman already in the decline of life, who, in the face of every discouragement from circumstances of the new town, by help of funds received from friends around, but wholly unconnected with the place itself, not only secured a church and school for the population of Dresden, but at such an early stage of its growth that the inhabitants could never be said to have been without them. To this church an aisle was annexed in the autumn of 1863, and plans have been since prepared, under the dying instructions, it may be said, of Canon Hutchinson, for the enlargement of the school. The school-church at Rough Close, in a remote angle of Blurton township, was built in 1856. It would hardly be saying too much of the share that John Hutchinson had in these works, to remark that he found all but the architect’s drawings and site and cost of erection.* For who would refuse it be a fellow-workman with one so sparing of all but himself, or with such a church builder, whether in the highest or the more material sense of the term? The circumstances under which these churches in the parish of Trentham were successively built and endowed are given in a note attached to a sermon in this volume of “Parish Recollections”—a volume of sermons which gives a very correct idea of the practical side of his addresses to his people, though they contain few of those passages of real eloquence which seemed to come from the innermost heart of the preacher, and left their own deep impression on the congregation, deepened, as that impression was, by his powerful voice and by his earnest though peculiar manner of delivery. Having touched, but only touched, on some of the most prominent works of his parochial life, we may now make some reference to his church-work in the diocese. He recognised from its commencement the importance of the educational movement 25 years ago; but, at the same time, felt the dangerous tendencies of State influences to secularize or weaken the authoritative lay teaching of the schools of the Church; and the annual reports of the Archidiaconal Board of Education with the tabulated results off ruridecanal inspection annexed, exemplify the practical manner in which he discharged the duties of secretary in close co-operation with the National Society, from the formation of the board in 1840 till the time of his death.

It was, we may perhaps assume, as a special recognition of his efforts in the cause of Church education that John Hutchinson was appointed in 1850, by the Bishop of the Diocese, to a residentiary stall in Lichfield Cathedral. The devoted manner in which he entered at once into the spirit and order of every part of the Cathedral services is best known to residents in Lichfield; but it was only in accordance with the unflagging care of his parish at home. The great work of Cathedral restoration, and scarcely less important, the revision of the statutes, occurred during his fifteen years’ tenure of the precentor’s stall, and served to bring into view, on a larger scale, those varied powers of an acute and busy mind which had been familiar to friends in his own parish for thirty years previously. To those who are masters of the difficult subject of Church music, it must be left to define how far the precentor in a Cathedral should be himself a musician; and in one of his last letters to a friend he himself alluded to his own imperfect qualifications on the subject of music. But all have hearts and ears to appreciate those gatherings of choirs from the parishes of the diocese under the roof of the mother church and Cathedral - which, it may be truly said, have given a more lively sense of the strength of Church unity (however imperfect that unity may still be) than any other of the solemn assemblies of the Church in our times; and whatever be the merit of originating or organizing these gatherings, that merit certainly belongs to the late precentor of Lichfield Cathedral, aided, indeed, by such an adviser as Sir F. Gore Ouseley, and other promoters of the Lichfield Diocesan Choral Association.

In the character as in the countenance of those whom we love and reverence one feature strikes us more than others; and thus, in the present instance, one friend will single out the labours of the Canon, and, “feel his indomitable energy a reproof to his own inertness;” and another will recur “to his modesty, and patience, and charity,” however earnestly he might be urging the Church work under discussion; a third will recall the suggestive character of his conversation and letters, whether playful or grave—and, not seldom, so redundant with thought and resource as to become involved and even difficult (though the stream of thought never failed to run clear at last)- and all these together reflected a mind imaginative, yet cautious and practical: liberal and expansive, yet most discriminating in its view of persons and things; yes the mind and opinions of a vigilant and stubborn Churchman from a sheer love of truth or what he for one believed to be the truth—but such a Churchman as all men had long learnt to respect, whatever might be their own love or indifference to the Church and her ministrations. And others will dwell—as we must not—on the devoted tenderness of the husband, and the sorrows that two years ago bowed to the dust the heart of the widower, yet scarcely interrupted his stern application to parochial or other duties, whilst continued the journey of life comparatively alone. That in his last illness—not very painful nor tedious—he should wrap himself up in his American chair rather than lie down in bed, and thence dictate his parting instructions to relatives, and hand over his papers on educational matters to one friend, and on the Choral Association to another: - or, again, that his parting words, the day but one before his death, to the writer of this unworthy notice, should relate to the provision of his duty for the following Sunday;- such a passing away from labour to rest at last, seemed in full accordance with his former life. He permitted none to see him during the last 24 hours of his existence but his son and daughter, and expired on the morning of the episcopal visitation at Stoke Church, bequeathing to those two children the glory of their father’s name and memory, and leaving to us all the example of a faithful minister of Christ, who from first to last lived for his Church, wrought for his Church, and died in the faith of that Church, to live again for ever, we trust, in the Church of the Resurrection, - Communicated.

* No mention is here made of the progress made towards providing sites for five churches in the parish of Stoke, according to a plan sketched by Canon Hutchinson. The five churches, subsequently built, were Hartshill, Penkhill, Trent Vale, Northwood, and Edensor.

FUNERAL OF THE REV. CANON HUTCHINSON.—On Tuesday last the mortal remains of the Rev. John Hutchinson, M.A., precentor and canon residentiary of Lichfield Cathedral, and perpetual curate of Blurton, were consigned to their last resting place in Blurton churchyard. The body was proceded by the Rev. E. J. Edwards, Trentham; the Rev. W. Hombersley, Normacot; the Rev. S. Salt, curate of Blurton; Dr. Broomhall and Dr. Hayes. The pall-bearers were C. Gresley, Esq., the Rev. W. H. Jackson, the Rev. F. C. Twemlow, the Rev. T. A. Bangham, and the Rev. H. Oliver; and the chief mourners Mr. John Hutchinson and Miss Edith Hutchinson (the late canon’s two surviving children). The chief mourners were accompanied by a numerous circle of relatives and friends, amongst whom were the Rev. W. Hutchinson, of Handford, and Peter Hutchinson, Esq., of Sidmouth, Devon. There was also a large attendance of the late canon’s parishioners, all in mourning apparel. The Rev. W. Hombersley read the Psalms and Lessons in the church, and the Rev. E. J. Edwards the Prayers at the grave. The Holy Communion was administered immediately after the funeral, and was received by about one hundred communicants.

Wed. may 3. 1865.—Nearly all day helping to look over, preserve, or cancel old letters, papers, &c. The acumination of more than forty years is something enormous. The American papers, I am sorry to say, all given to me. I look upon them as belonging to all the descendants of Governor Hutchinson, and that whoever has the custody of them, is keeping them for others as well as for himself.

Th. May 4.—Walked to Stoke, and went over Minton’s tile factory and showrooms. Bought tiles for the hearth of the library or the new room north of the Old Chancel. They certainly have arrived at great perfection in the art of making these tiles.

Note :- The following is a printed article describing Encaustic tile manufacture.

LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND ART.

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ENCAUSTIC TILES BY MACHINERY.

The Engineer of Saturday last has an article on this subject.

After giving a description of the manual process, it says:-

“It will be evident that the manufacture of the tiles in this manner cannot be a rapid process. The labour alone for each dozen tiles costs from 1s. 9d. to 6s. according to the intricacy of the pattern, or from 5s. 3d. to 18s. per square yard. It is from their cost, under so slow a process of manufacture, that encaustic tiles are not in greater use. It has for years been an object to produce them if possible with the aid of machinery, and it now appears that this is likely to be done with every prospect of a most extensive introduction of machine-made tiles into use. Mr. Samuel B. Wright, the son of the gentleman by whom the hand process was first brought into use in modern times, and Mr. H. T. Green have for the last eight years been engaged in perfecting machinery, now in experimental use in Hanley, in the Potteries, and which appears to produce perfect tiles at a very moderate cost. Three pug mills are employed, one in the centre to work the coarser or body clay, and one at each side to pug the finer or veneering clay. The three clays are delivered in streams, between a pair of polished rollers, which press them firmly together in one. The continuous slab thus formed, of slightly more than the intended width, carries it under an impression roller, having the plaster dies giving the intended pattern. As soon as the moving slab of clay has been impressed or stamped. It is cut by a guillotine wire cutter into 6-inch lengths, or whatever length corresponds with the size of the tile. Thence the tile passes under a trough, from which the “slip” is churned into the impressions by means of agitators worked mechanically. Thence passing out, the tiles are removed from the travelling table, and taken to the drying room, to remain, say 48 hours. The rate of motion of the travelling table is about 12 feet per minute, corresponding to 14,400 tiles 6-inch square per day of ten hours, supposing the machinery to work without interruption. It is at once apparent that the advantage at this rate, over hand labour is enormous. After the drying, the superfluous slip is removed by a rapidly revolving cutter, which brings out the pattern perfectly, and leaves the surface of the tile smooth and flat. The edges of the tiles are then turned upon the side of a revolving stone, although a better mode of bringing them to a square might, no doubt, be adopted. The cost of labour for attending such a system of machinery amounts to an exceedingly small sum upon each dozen tiles made, and it is probable that the finished tile may be sold at a price no greater than the cost of labour alone by the hand process. It will be understood that the machinery the most complicated patterns can be made as readily as the simplest, so that, as compared with hand labour upon highly ornamented tiles the saving by the machine process will be still greater than even it would at first appear.

“And the important manufacture to which the machinery is equally applicable is that of ceramic ornamentation and indeed richly impressed blocks of terra cotta have already been made at a rate if 5,000 square feet per day, and except in the original cost of the moulds, the most elaborate designs are produced as cheaply as the simplest. Terra cotta ornamentation has long been used, but at comparatively great cost, and it is found that when made by hand only a quality of clay can be used which will not stand the weather. When made by machinery a much more open clay can be used, and of a quality which is known to bear frost and rain. Large slabs, too, may be made, and it is believed that the price at which they may be produced will not much exceed that of stone at the quarry without labour.

“The ornamentation which may be cheaply given to the most durable quality of terra cotta is such as could not be had in stone except at an enormous expense, and if, from injury by weather or by soot, or mechanical means, it were found necessary to renew the terra cotta at any time, the cost of doing so would be very moderate.

“The entire elevation of a plain brick building could thus be covered with richly-moulded terra cotta, at a cost probably not greater then 1s. 6d. per square foot of surface thus treated. Bricks with dove-tail ends now easily made by machinery, would be built into the wall, and so as to project two inches or two inches and a half from the face. When the brickwork had been carried up to the height of a block of the ornamental facing a course of this would be affixed, and the joints run in with cement grout. Another height of brickwork and ornamental blocks would then be carried up in the same manner, and so on to completion. It is probable that a building of ornamental character could thus be erected in less time and at less cost than a plain, unsightly edifice of the style of which so much of our so-called ‘ street architecture’ now consists.”

------------------------------------

The same day, May 4. I walked with Sarah H. Edith and John R. H. to Hanford, across the fields, went into the church with my cousin William H. the incumbent. He has recently managed to have the Chancel rebuilt in a better style, and it has been well done, at some £800. This summer he is going to build a new Vestry. Some day he hopes to add a new Nave, extending as far west as to take in the Tower. After tea with his wife and part of his family, we walked back by moonlight.

Sat. May 6. – Walked to Caverswell Castle. It is an interesting fortified house, surrounded by a moat, recently drained. Was allowed to go all over it inside and out, and upon the leads. Furniture and everything in the old fashioned style, and plenty of old oak. A castle was once built here temp. Ed. II., destroyed temp. Charles I. and the present edifice built by Inigo Jones.

Th. May 11. 1865.—The Americans used to laugh at me about our debt.

Note :- The following is a small article P.O.H. has attached to the diary.

The American Debt. -- On the 31st. ult. The United States debt was £473,000,000 of which £220,000,000 bears interest payable in coin, and £105,000,000 consists of currency. Of this total£70,000,000 has been created during the proceeding five months, and there are immense arrears due to the army and in other quarters, and the existing rate of expenditure cannot be immediately stopped, it may be assumed as a moderate estimate that, even supposing everything now to progress quietly towards a general adjustment, the aggregate must on the winding up be raised to at least £550,000,000. At present the portion of a debt consisting of currency bears no interest, but it is admitted that a large part of this must be funded, and even if we allow %0,000,000 to be kept out, we have a total of £509,000,000 left, on which, under the most favourable circumstances, it is impossible to calculate that an interest less than 6 per cent, will have to be paid. The annual burden, therefore, will be equal to that of a 3 per cent. Debt of a thousand millions sterling, of about one- fourth more than that of Great Britain.—Times.

 

They are going ahead in a strange way :- Also assinating the President – shooting Wilks Booth, the assassin – proclaiming vengeance on the now apparently conquered South, &c., &c. Great miseries are in store for that misgoverned and only half civilised country.

Fri. 12. – Rainy and cold. Walked to Normacot to sketch for the Rev. W. Hombersley. It rained so much I could do nothing. Dined there.

Su. May 14. 1865.—Church at Blurtonin the morning. In the afternoon Walked to Hanford, and went to the church there, my cousin the Rev. Wm. Hutchinson performing the service. Had tea with him and his family and walked back.

Mon. May 15. – Left Blurton for home, but decided on going round by London, as I had received a letter from the Earl of Donoughmore, in which he expressed a wish to see me, if I came to town. Travelled by train via Colwich, Rugby, Weedon &c. to Euston Square, (Drove to the great hotel at Charring Cross. It happened to be the very first day it was opening. Went shopping till dark.

Tu. May 16.—Called on the Earl of D. We had chat about American affairs, the Hutchinson pedigree, &c., Lady D. came into the room, and we had more chat, which, however, was cut short by the announcement of Lord Mayo. Left London for Fareham.

Wed. May 17.—Rail to Gosport. Walked to Brown Down. On Brown Down and, the neighbourhood several flint arrow heads, and other works of the ancient Britons. I have turned out, of my way in order to look at the spot. It turns out to be a vast expanse of sand and gravel, the ancient sea beach along the eastern shore, of Southampton water, but now covered in patches by course grass and gorse bushes. One may do well attempt to look for “a needle in a bundle of hay,” as an arrow head here, unless one has received some hint as to ‘the locality Where they have been met with. I dare say a diligent search might discover heaps of “Kitchen Middens”. I turned northward from, the Fort – saw some rifle practice by some soldiers – and made my way onwards three or four miles towards Hill Head, where there are banks of gravel and an estuary, and where they have also been found. Thence made for Tichfield and lastly Fareham. Left Fareham for Salisbury, to examine the Cathedral.

 

Th. May 18.—Roused myself soon after six, and by seven I was looking at the Cathedral. Found it open as they were preparing for the early service. There are several fine alter tombs and recumbent figures in the nave, and other parts. The centre is miserably blocked up by oak walling. Every Cathedral looks out of repair to me after the perfect state of the interior of Lichfield. At eight went back to breakfast, and then went to examine it again. Then I took the rail to Honiton and the bus to Sidmouth.

 

Mon. May 22. – Went with Mr. Heineken to explore Honey Ditches, or Hennaditches, and earthworks only recently known to us on Seaton Down. We were guided by Mr. Cawley of Seaton Hill Farm. On Seaton Down the woks consist of a foss and vallum drawn across the hill from east to west, with foss on the south, indicating that the enemy was expected on that side. The foss is 19 feet on the slope: the two together 33 feet. This work is 770 feet long, and dips some distance down the slope of the hill on each side. At 466 feet north of this, there is a short piece of similar construction., but only 130 feet long, running about WNW and ESE. This looks unfinished. Perhaps the enemy removed, and it was not necessary to complete it, or its constructors may have been driven out. These works in construction somewhat resemble those that remain across the hill behind and before the Three Horseshoes. From the foss being on the south side,in the short piece, as well as the long, it may be inferred that they were intended to defend the road coming up from Colyford, as if the enemy were in the valley of Seaton. They may have been thrown up either in the British or Saxon times: if the former, they were a defence against the Romans whose galleys may have entered the mouth of the Ax river; and if the latter the Saxons were preparing to resist an invasion of the Danes. The great battle of Brunenburg , said to have been fought in the valley of the Ax, and which Athelstan overcame the Danes, was fought in the year 937.—See Trans. Dev. Assoc. for 1885, article “Honeyditches.”

Next, we went about five furlongs down the road on the top of the hill towards Seaton and went into a long field only thirty feet wide on the left. This is conjectured to have once been the road leading to the buildings, the foundations of which were turned up in 1860, and by some called Hennaditches. The foundations at the upper excavations seemed to run nearly east and west down the slope of the field. At this spot there were three walls traced, beginning at the top near the hedge (if they did not go up through the hedge), and ran downwards, being crossed by others at right angles as if to form rooms. Some of these walls were upwards of three feet thick. The walls were built of flint, chert, and other stone of the neighbourhood. A great quantity of red tiles was turned up, some having patterns on them. Mr. Cawley gave us a peace of one; but Sir Walter Trevelyan saved some of the best, The land belonging to him. Axmouth church bore about east from this spot, and the mouth of the river SE half E. On grubbing about we turned up pieces of brick, tile, and slate, and also some beach pebbles like sling stones: but from the apparent nature of this place, perhaps the fact of their being sling stones may be questionable. The piece of tile from this place, given to us by Mr. Cawley has letters on it medieval in character.

About 200 feet lower down the field, and apparently connected with it by a stout wall and ditch or gutter outside, other foundations, with much rubbish, were found. The area over which these were met with, we found to be about 48 feet by 56. Tiles rather more then an inch thick, eleven inches one way, but uncertain dimensions the other, as those we saw were broken, were dug up here. They had been bevelled off all round the edge underneath, by the workman chipping them, to a sharp edge when he laid them. Fragments of pounded brick had been mixed with the mortar—an indication of Roman work. From the presence of the charcoal, and from the fact that these tiles appeared to lie at the bottom of what seemed to have been a cavrty measuring about two feet by three, it was inferred that this may have been the remains of a fireplace, oven, or furnace, attached to a bath or a subatorium. We were allowed to take away some of the pieces that lay on the surface.

Returning home, we went into the field in front of the Three Horseshoes, to see whether we could trace the earthworks further south than the second field: but though we went over into the field on the south-west, towards which they pointed, we could not be sure of anything.

 

Wed. May 24, - The Queen’s Birthday. Put up the great flag. Received the following referring to cousin J. H. late Canon of Lichfield.

THE STAFFORDSHIRE ADVERTISER, SATURDAY, MAY 20 1865

 

LICHFIELD DIOCESAN BOARD OF EDUCATION.

The Venerable Archdeacon MOORE next rose and said: - I have a melancholy duty to perform. This has been to me a melancholy day, not on account of the loss we have to deplore, but because I have to-day seen not only one but two stalls vacant in your lordship’s cathedral, which would never be seen vacant on such an occasion as this from any cause except sickness or death. The first stall vacant is that of one who is the head under your lordship of that cathedral, and those who knew—and who did not?—I, at least, well know—the graceful urbanity and the kindness of his manner; the variety and exceeding accuracy of his acquirements; the munificence with which he had acted, with the pressure of a large family upon him, in this diocese and in this city, whenever he has been called upon; the indomitable courtesy and smiling cheerfulness with which he has done his duty amidst sickness and pain of no common kind;- there is no one who knew that who did not feel, as I did, a deep melancholy at seeing that stall vacant to-day. May his health be restored and invigorated, and may he be long spared to adorn as he does the high station in which God has placed him. He is respected in some degree from his connection with his princely home, but still more from his excellence and goodness. Those who know him cannot help seeing that his manners and feelings are not merely the hereditary conventional attributes of his rank, but the natural expression of a mind deeply imbued with the spirit of Christianity. The other stall vacant to-day is vacant as to this world for ever as to him who filled it. He was a man known to me from the earliest time that I entered this diocese. He had been here some few years before me, but for the last three or four and forty years I knew him well; I acted with him upon many, many occasions. We were bound together by the ties of brotherhood, and I little thought when we last parted that we were to see each other no more, or that if that were to be that it would be his and not my death that would have occasioned the separation. It is melancholy, very melancholy, to part with those we love. My feelings are aptly expressed by one of our most pathetic poets, who says:-

“It is not that my lot is low

That causes my hot tears to flow;

It is not grief that bids me moan;

It is that I am left alone.”

But I should be ungrateful if I allowed such feelings to overcome my mind when I see around me so many to whom I owe such great kindness, and when I see such enduring results of the work he accomplished. Of him it may be most truly said, that wherever he planted his step “Si monumentum quaris circumspice.” In the cathedral he was not the least amongst those who promoted its extensive and beautiful restoration, and it may be said of him that in the parish churches of the diocese where his influence extended, that by improving the church music, where God’s praises are sung in a better manner and I have no doubt with a higher and holier feeling, it is in a large degree due to him; and this was still more the case in his own parish and in his own neighbourhood. He was there in close contact with one of the greatest noblest houses of the land. And how did he employ his influence? Was it to aggrandise himself? Was it to gain the good-will of that family for any worldly ends? No, it was for the good of the Church of England, and of the souls committed to his charge, and his whole influence was used to stir them up to good deeds. He was a fine example of an English priest, who knew that he was the great link between all orders of people—binding together the highest of those around him with, the simplest peasant in his cottage. It is pleasant to me to think of that great man who has just gone, the head of that family who seconded him so heartily, and whose large-hearted kindness beamed through every feature of his countenance, and bespoke the deep interest he took in the good of all around him. I cannot speak of the many excellencies of our late friend – of the parish schools so diligently attended, of that rising youth he so earnestly strove to raise in excellence, in righteousness, and in soberness of life - of his labours for those with whom he was most closely connected, and whose sick beds he attended, whose sorrows he soothed, and whose wants to the utmost of his power he relieved. There was hardly a church built in the neighbourhood of his parish with which he had not something to do in aiding its erection. I remember some years ago when I returned from a visit to the great French capital, speaking in connection with one of our societies, I said that the late King (Louis Philippe) was building forts around Paris, but we were building far better forts by the erection of places of worship in which the people might learn their duty to God and man, that I was informed that the lamented Canon had uttered the same sentiment long ago, and had not only uttered it but acted upon it, and of him it could be well said that he not only was spent, but that he did spend no small part of his means in the great public purposes in which he engaged. I do hope there will be something done which may give fitting expression to what all feel in this archdeaconry and in this diocese. (Applause.) Looking at his great merits and his great works, in which he spent himself until he went to his rest, I feel not only the melancholy of resignation, but the melancholy of hope, when I think of that place were he is gone and that great day when we shall meet. With the fullest confidence and the surest hope I expect to see him endued with no common crown, and received with no common love into that Saviour’s arms whom he loved so well and served so faithfully. I have to move- “That this meeting, deeply sensible of the loss they have sustained in the death of the Rev. Canon Hutchinson, who for twenty five years was the zealous, active, and efficient secretary of the Stafford Archidiaconal Board of Education, desire to record on the minutes of this Diocesan Board the expression of their high estimation of his character, and of their unfeigned sorrow at his removal from among them. And that a copy of this resolution be presented to the relatives of the late Canon Hutchinson.” The venerable archdeacon spoke under the influence of deep emotion, and was listened to with profound sympathy.

The Rev. T. A. BANGHAM, in seconding the resolution, said that in every capacity- as a friend, as a parish priest, as a member of that diocese, the late Canon Hutchinson had very few equals. It had been his duty to be in his late parish on one or two occasions recently since his death, and the stamp he had left there was most striking and most marked. Whatever his more public labours had been, his work in his own parish was far deeper, and perhaps the one point in which above all others he was strongest was in the sick chamber. He believed that his struggles there with the doubtful and the impenitent mind were almost beyond description.

The resolution was very cordially agreed to.

June 1865.

 

Th. June 15. - Went Bass fishing this evening with Mr Williams. It is many a year since I did the like. We caught 16 – I, 9 and he 7. We anchored the boat off the Clit Rocks.

Fri. June 16. - Some fishermen brought to the door a large fish, such as they had never caught before, and of which they knew nothing. It had ejected six or seven young ones; and we could see others moving about inside the parent. Although they had been out of the water some hours, they were all alive. I took one of the young ones to preserve, if possible. The fish was flat, something like a skate. It was covered with brownish skin: no scales: small eyes: peculiar mouth, which protruded from the lips when open.

Tu. June 20.- On the 27th of last month I received letter from the Society of Antiquaries of London, asking me to become a Local Secretary for Devonshire. Not knowing what it might involve, I replied rather indecisively, implying (after rendering my thanks for the honour.) A desire for further information. Today, however without another word I received a “Diploma”, signed by Earl Stanhope, President, and C. Knight Watson, Secretary, conferring the appointment.

July 1865.

Wed. July 5. - Read in the times of June 20, an account of the opening of the great Tumulus on Langton Wold, near Malton, Yorkshire, by the Rev. W. Greenwell. The tumulus much reduced in size, was about 70 feet in diameter, and 7 high. This is the size of that at Lovehayne Farm, some five miles N. E. of Sidmouth, out of which Mr Heineken and myself got the calcined bones. Some innocent Persons, at some unknown former period, dug on the top of the mound, and broke eight or nine Saxon urns, the fragments of which were found. This was not far from the surface, for as a rule, the Saxons did not bury deep. The Saxon pottery was ornamented with quatrefoil, lozenge, circles, diamonds, zig-zag. and waved lines. One fragment of British pottery was also found. The ancient British burials beneath, were attained by making a drift right through, at a level with the ground. Pieces of bones were met with, which seemed to have been carried into burrows by mice, exhibiting marks of their teeth; quantities of mice bones were also met with, Charcoal appeared on the natural surface of the ground. A hole 4 feet across and two feet deep was found, filled with oolitic sand or pounded limestone. Nothing was found in it. On getting near the centre and removing a rough wall or part of a cist, a skeleton was exposed, the head boat-shaped, the thigh bone 19 ½ inches long. As usual in early British burials, the body lay on its left side, with the hands over or close to the face, and the knees drawn up. The long shaped or boat-shaped heads, are generally met with in long Barrows, and the round heads in round barrows. This was a round barrow, but may, before having been meddled with have been a long one. Two of the teeth had partly decayed during life. A flint knife was turned up. Another hole in the ground appeared; but oval instead of round, and filled like the other. The body had been placed between these holes. On proceeding, a lesser tumulus revealed itself buried in the great one, made up of charcoal, ashes, burnt stone, &c., and covered with a dome of yellow clay. It contained a red-deer bone and a tusk. Afterwards the skeleton of a woman was discovered, but on the right side, and with the hands over the face, and knees drawn up. This was an old person: the joints of the bones showed traces of disease, as of rheumatic gout. The head was boat-shaped. A bed of stones about a foot high had been prepared, and the body placed on it. The whole was walled round and then covered over. With the body were found some cowrie shells; other sea shells; many small red-striped snail shells; jet beads; three bronze bodkins, part of a belemnite, ground and polished like a roller; bone ornament pierced; and a semicircular bone pin. nine inches long, sharp at one end, and like a chisel at the other, made from boars tusk. They had been put on the knees. Some vertebra of fish were met with. The thigh bone was 16 ½ inches long. A third burial was encountered , being that of a very aged woman. The body was on the left side, and the limbs as before. The jaw was very small, and without teeth, and quite smooth, as if more had been there for some years before death. The skull unlike the two others was round, indicating another race. The body had been laid on a pavement of small stones, but no covering or cist. It had projecting eyebrows. Two land shells were found with it. An empty urn was met with near the knees. It was hand made, and had cord marks and waved lines below the rim, and vertical cuts above. Another pit was discovered with ashes at the bottom. The west side of tumuli are generally not buried in.

The indications are -­ that nearly a dozen burials of different ages, took place in this tumulus, e.g. the long and the round headed Britons, and subsequently the Saxons; and that from the first to the last perhaps 2000 years had passed.

From other memorandums I note that iron was sparingly known to the ancient Britons, who made small trinkets of that metal, and used iron ring money. The Romans employed it on a large scale. Iron scoria has been found near Uffculm,

( I have some) and other places. The “iron pits,” so called, on Punchy Down, near Woodford Lodge, &c., all said to have to have yielded it. The miners seem to have dug holes, not trenches. There is also, a large heap of scoria on Bowerhayes Farm, Dunkeswell.

Wed. July 10. – Pic-nic at Branscombe: 40 people there. Sea-side farm house was our head quarters.

Th. July 20. - All Saints Church school feast.

Sat. July 22.—The papers say that the foundation stone of the new Blackfriars Bridge was laid on Thursday the 20th.

They also say that the Last native man of Van Dieman’s Land or Tasmania, has shipped as a sailor.

Mon. July 24.-Went with Mr. Heineken to Castle Hill, over Hemyock, to look for a camp. Left at 9.5 A.M.. Passed over Honiton Hill, through Honiton and Combe Rawleigh towards Woodford Lodge. Owing to an alteration in the road, I did not recognise the proper turning and advised the wrong. We went, too much to the east, and then were obliged to go by the Abbey Mill to Hemyock, 19 miles from Sidmouth, which we had not intended to do. This however, gave us an opportunity of again examining the ruins of the Castle. We thought that the remains did not look nr so good a condition as at our last visit, some 13 or 14 years ago. Turned back towards Honiton, up to the top of Castle Hill. We examined some part of the summit, but not all. We could get no tidings of any old camp whatever; and we are inclined now, to think that the hill may bear its name from Hemyock Castle, to the south of which it rises, though a mile off. We then pushed on for Dunkeswell, and then to the “iron pits” which I had visited before, but which Mr. H. had not - in October 1862. Several had been examined by the Rev. Mr. Simcoe, the owner, at my instigation after my visit. We saw where the bottom of three or four had been tried. The remains of fires had been found in some. On grubbing about I found a few pieces of iron stone in one of them. From making enquires along the road, we learnt the following - e.g. that similar pits occur at Moorland, a mile east, and on many parts of the Black Down Hills; that there is a large patch of cinders in a field near Tudborough, between Hemyock and Culmstock, in which the plough always turns up scoria: and at Bowerhayes or Boughayes Farm, between Dunkeswell and Dunkeswell Abbey, there is an immense heap, and great quantities scattered about, as if the smelting works had been there. A blacksmith to whom we were talking, took up a “clinker” from his forge, and said they were exactly like that, only that some of them were as large as his head.

We then turned home, stopping only in Combe Rawley to take a hasty look at the outside of the church, and in Honiton, to give the horse a bottle of ale. We did not reach Sidmouth till half past ten.

Wed. July 26. To-day a bazaar was held in aid of the funds for the Artillery Volunteer Corps. I finished up my little model of a field piece, with limber complete, and, with two artillery men in uniform. The whole stood on a plank covered with green velvet, to represent grass, and covered with a glass shade. It was raffled for, and won by Mr. Barrow, a brother-in-law of Mr. Lousada. The bazaar was held in the grounds of Peak House.

Fri. July 28. - Read an interesting account of the levelling of the Dead Sea in the Daily Telegraph of the 26th. Inst. It is found that the surface is 1292 feet below the Mediterranean; but that this surface varies six to eight feet according as the season is wet or dry – so great is the evaporation in a dry summer. On careful sounding the Lake, they found a depth of 1308 feet. This added to the1292 makes 2600 – The depth of the bottom of the Dead Sea below the shore at Jaffa.

It is recorded as another piece of news that the Great Eastern began to lay down the Atlantic Cable, last Sunday the 23rd. and is now on her voyage.

August 1865.

Sat. Aug 5. 1865. - From some cause, yet unknown, the Atlantic Cable has ceased to send messages.- The Great Eastern had played out 1250 miles of cable by noon on July 26, when the communication suddenly ceased. This is the third cable. We hope it will not follow the fate of the others. I have about six inches of the first cable. Some pieces were brought home, from what was recovered by some of our Sidmouth sailors, from whom I got this portion.

Note :- The following is another newspaper article attached to the diary.

THE ATLANTIC CABLE.

FAILURE OF THE EXPERDITION.

Crookhaven, Thursday Morning.

The Great Eastern arrived off here this morning, and furnishes the following particulars of the operation for laying the Atlantic Telegraph cable, which it will be seen, have failed:- “The Great Eastern sailed from Valentia, after making the splice with the shore end, on the 3rd July and continued on her voyage to lat 51.25, long 39.6, being 1,063 miles from Valentia, and 600 from Heart’s Content, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. She had then paid out 1,212 miles of cable, when it parted on the 2nd of August, at 12.35p.m, in soundings of 3,900 yards, under the following circumstances:- A partial loss of insulation having been discovered, the Great Eastern was stopped to recover that portion of the cable in which the fault lay, electrical tests placing it probably within six miles. The cable was passed from the stern to the bow of the ship for this purpose, and after getting in two miles of cable, the fault being still over board, the cable broke about ten yards in board of the wheel at the bow, having been chafing on the stern of the ship. Two previous faults had been discovered; the first in soundings of about 1,000 yards, and the second in about 4,100 yards, and had been successfully recovered and made good; in the first case 10 miles, and in the second two and a half miles of cable were hauled in. After the cable parted a grapnel with two and a half nautical miles of rope was lowered down, the ship being placed as to drift over the line of cable. The cable was hooked on the 3rd, and when 2.200 yards of rope had been hauled in, a swivel in the latter gave way, and 2,800 yards of rope was lost, the cable having been lifted 1,200 yards from the bottom.

On the 4th a buoy with a flag and ball, was moored, with 500 yards of rope, to mark the place. It is in lat. 51.35, long. 38.42.30. From the 4th fogs and adverse winds prevented a further attempt until 7th, which was then made nearer the end of the cable, and was unsuccessful from the same cause, when the cable had been lifted 1,000 yards. Another buoy was here placed, in lat. 51.28,30. long. 38.56.9.

A third attempt was made on the 10th, which failed on account of the grapnel chain having fouled the flukes of the grapnel, the grapnel and the last 800 yards of rope came up covered with ooze. A fourth attempt was made on the 11th, at three p.m., which also failed through the breaking of the grapnel rope when the cable had been raised 600 yards from the bottom. The stock of rope having now become exhausted, it became absolutely necessary to proceed to England for more and stronger tackle. The practical conclusions unanimously arrived at by those engaged in the various capacities in the expedition are as follows :- 1st, - That the steamship Great Eastern, from her size and consequent steadiness, together with the better control obtained over her by having both the paddles and screw, render it possible and safe to lay an Atlantic Telegraph cable in any weather. 2nd, - That the paying-out machinery constructed for the purpose by Messrs. S. Canning and Clifford worked perfectly, and can be confidently relied on. 3rd,- That the insulation of the gutta percha covered conductor improved when submerged to more than double what it had been before starting, and has proved itself to be the best insular cable ever manufactured, and many times higher than the standard required by the contract. The cause of the two faults, which were recovered, was in each case a perforation of the gutta percha through to the proper conductor by a piece of iron wire found sticking in the cable. Electrically the third fault was analogous to the first. The difficulty may be provided against in future. 4th,- That nothing has occurred to create the least doubt in the minds of those engaged in the expedition of the practicability of a successful laying and working of an Atlantic Cable; but, on the contrary, their confidence has been largely increased be the confidence obtained on this voyage. 5th,- That if the Great Eastern steam-ship is supplied with sufficiently strong tackle and hauling-in machinery for depths of 4,000 or 5,000 yards, there is little or no doubt of the possibility of recovering the lost end of the cable and completing the line already two thirds laid.”

A telegraphic dispatch in the Times says: - “All well on board. The ship behaved admirably, but the picking-up machinery was defective, and may be said to have caused the final failure.”

September, 1865.

Mr. Heineken and myself went again to explore Honeyditches, and try to verify some of the statements made by the old writers about this place. Stukley speaks of a square camp – others of an oblong square – others that the camp was circular, and not quite finished, but which would have enclosed an area of about three acres, had it been completed. These conflicting statements lead to the conclusion that there is a jumble of more places then one, mixed up together. Some speak of wrought stone, as having been dug up. This does not imply either a British, Saxon, or Danish camp. The place now called Honeyditches, to which we went on the 22nd. of last May, does not look, from its situation, as if it could have been a camp thrown up by either of those tribes. From the stout stone walls found there, and the tiles of various type, this should seen to have been a Roman villa, as originally constructed, but occupied in subsequent times – the times of the Edwards and Henrys – the medieval times – possibly as an Ecclesiastical establishment. Perhaps the field on the NNE, called Hermitage Close, and the other on the E named The Vinyard, may lead to the notice that some chapel, with buildings used by the monks, existed here. And in the fields, some 100 yards or more on the west or higher side of the remains, we came upon what we had not seen before, namely two pits in one field, on the north, and another, full of water on the south-east, in another. These look very much as if they had been fish ponds. We dug for an hour at Honeyditches, but our tools were too small. We turned up only several lumps of mortar full of pounded brick, which we brought away. Some supposed Roman tiles, lying in the field, we buried, to preserve them from the frost, marking the spot.

Not thinking that any camp could have been placed here, we mounted to the top of Coochill, or Little Coochill, where there are traces of earthworks. A man called Robins, of Seaton, told us he had been employed here about two years ago digging stone, at the top or south end of Field A, that the stone lay in the ground in lines, as if they had been thrown into trenches and covered over; and that they took away scores of cartloads. From the potion of this hill, commanding, as it does the estuary of Ax, and the whole valley up to Axminster, this looks if it had been a station, - and perhaps one seized by the Danes on their landing in 937, and previous to the battle of Brundenburg. The trenches on Seaton Down look as if the Saxons had been posted

there watching them.

Monday, Sep. 4. - Mrs. Maitland, my tenant at No. 4. Coburg Terrace, went to London for a week or two.

Wed. Sep.6. – Played the French horn part in the overture of La Dame Blanch and Tancredi, at a concert given at The London Hotel by Mr. Pinney, the organist, Mr. Heineken played double bass there, and Captain Hooper flute.

Th. Sep. 7. - Went over to Honiton with party and played the same again – the concert being repeated.

Sat. Sep. 9. - Walked up to the Cairn on Bulverton Hill, with the two Miss Ritchie’s, Mrs. Maitland’s nieces, and the governess. Some of the large stones have been removed.

Tu. Sep. 12. - Painted the back of the oak panelling of the window end of the new room next the old Chancel, preparatory to its being finally put up. This may preserve it from damp and the attacks of insects.

Wed. Sep.13. – Sized the fronts of the panelling, preparatory to vanishing.

Th. Sep. 14. –Took Kate and Nellie Ritchie and the Governess to Sidbury Castle to examine the old camp. This and the cairns we have been looking at will give them a chapter in early British history. Leaving the carriage below, we scrambled, up the steep fields and approached by the west entrance – looked at the sling stones – made our way all through – visited “The Treasury,” or cairn on the East flank – and spent several hours on the hill, the weather being beautiful.

Mon. Sep. 18. –Mrs. Maitland returned from London. She brought me an Indian hooka to put among my curiosities.

Tu. Sep. 26. –There is a comet in the sky just now. It is without a tail, and appears just before sunrise in the morning.

Wed. Sep. 27. –I have now begun to decorate the panels of the ceiling of my new room on the north side oh the Old Chancel. By means of a stage, upon which I lie on my back, with my head and shoulders supported with hassocks and pillows I can get on pretty well, though it is rather slow work. The chief parts of my patterns (all taken from ancient examples) are done by means of stencil plates; the minor parts or finishing touches, by hand.

October 1865.

Sun. Oct. 1. 1865:- The weather continues beautiful. With the exception of a fortnights rain in August, which damaged some of the corn, we have had very little since last spring. Last summer was the driest known for many many years, and this is nearly as dry. Though the nights we getting somewhat Cool, the days are hot, brilliant, and dusty. The thermometer in the Old Chancel, with the doors and windows open, is generally about 70’. The Humming bird Moth, the Macroglossa stellatarum, has been very plentiful this summer, as also the Deaths head Moth, of great size.

Sun. Oct. 8. –Rain at last. A great full early this morning. Summer is most likely now at the end.

Sun. Oct. 15. –Yes, summer is now at an end. The weather has become boisterous, rainy, and cold.

Wed. Oct. 18. –Walked, with Mr. & Mrs. Vanes, and their little boy, (and two donkeys to assist occasionally) to Knowle, to call on Mr. & Mrs. Alexander, who have recently left Woolbrook Glen, and gone there. [This entrée has been crossed out in the diary, see Fri. Oct. 20]

Th. Oct. 19. 1865. –Went to the dinner of the Agricultural Association for the parishes of Sidbury, Sidmouth, Salcombe, and Branscombe. This, the third year, it was the turn of Salcombe, but the dinner was held at The London Hotel, Sidmouth. About 160 sat down, Charles Cornish, of Salcombe House, J.P., and Dep. Lieut., in the chair.

Fri. Oct. 20. –Walked to Knowle to-day with the Vanes. In the evening went to see the conjure Her Dobler at The London Hotel. Very good. The arrival of the news of Lord Palmerston’s death, which took place last Wednesday morning at a quarter past eleven, has struck every one forcibly. This is indeed, a great national loss.

November 1865.

Fr. Nov. 3. –The trunk of my flagstaff, standing about 20 feet from the east window of the Old Chancel, having decayed, broke in half, and down came fragments flag and all. The stump to which the staff (44 feet high) is fixed is so much decayed, that I had the flagstaff lowered.

Mon. Nov. 6. –Sidmouth is in a little uproar. Mr. Lathaby, the publisher of the Sidmouth Journal, has incautiously quizzed the races held lately, and spoken too plainly (though perhaps not too truthfully) of one or two other things: so this evening, instead of burning Guy Faukes or the Pope, they burnt him in effigy. Another case pending here just now is a question between the Local Board, and Dr. Pullin. The printed article following, taken from the Tiverton Gazette, is by me.

THE TIVERTON GAZETTE.

TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 7. 1865

NEUTRAL IN POLITICS. IMPARTIAL IN REPORTS

POWERS OF LOCAL BOARDS

THE WORKING OF THE ACT AT SIDMOUTH

A case of some moment is pending just now in Sidmouth. About three years ago the inhabitants adopted the Local Government Act, and embodied a Local Board for the management of their own internal affairs. This Board may be said to have worked well, and certainly to have dome a great deal of good. Taken as a whole, perhaps it may be declared that their administration has given what may be pronounced as general satisfaction, The Board possess very plenary powers, and any appeal against their decisions would accompanied by extreme difficulty. A few mouths ago, Mr. Govier desired to place bow windows against the front of his house, at the top of the High street; but as the Local Board rejected the application, new windows flush with the front wall were put in instead. Lower down the street, and on the same side, stands Dr. Pullin’s house. There is an iron railing extending along the width of his house, from two to three feet in advance of the front wall, enclosing a long strip of ground, in which shrubs or flowers have grown. This space before the house may have been so enclosed as long back as the memory of living man may go, or perhaps longer; but certainly longer than twenty years; and he doubtless considers that his right and title to the strip of ground is as good as his title to the house itself. Some years ago several columns rising over the boundary of these railings supported a balcony, which he had enclosed with glass, so as to form a conservatory on a level with the drawing room floor. Not very long ago this glass conservatory was removed, and Dr. Pullin applied to the Local Board for leave to throw out bow windows. This the Board refused. The windows would not have projected so far as the conservatory which had been cleared away, nor so far out as the iron railings in front of the house. To say that the Board for consistency’s sake, refused Dr. Pullin because they had refused Mr. Govier a short time before, would not be a sound argument, inasmuch as the two cases are different. In the first place, Mr. Govier’s house stands higher up; where the road soon begins to contract; and above this it suddenly gets very narrow indeed. But in the second place, and which is the soundest reason, there is no fence, railing, or enclosure in front of Mr. Govier’s house; so that the projection of a bow window would at once be an encroachment upon the public footpath, which is the property of other people. The Board, therefore, would not have been acting inconsistently, if they had granted the second application, though they may have refused the first. The board has nothing to do with individual favour. They act for the good for the public at large. They watch the operations of the community, and forbid any man doing on his own premises or anywhere else, that may be an injury or an annoyance to his neighbours. All this is of course well; and we may look upon the Board as our friends, who will see that no one shall commit a trespass unnecessarily. Supporting a jury of twelve Sidmouth men, or any other twelve men, were called upon to consider and decide whether Dr. Pullin’s bow windows are either an injury or a nuisance to the neighbours residing near. In the first place, as to unsightliness.

Would they say that the windows are ugly or badly made, and that they are very unpleasant to look at, and therefore ought to be taken away? Secondly, would they say they are an encroachment upon the public highway, seeing that they are within the railings? And thirdly, would they say they are injurious to the public, as tending to impede ventilation, and the free circulation of the air? It so happens that they are in a street which is twice as wide, or about twice as wide, as any other street in the town. It may therefore be fairly asked, on what plea did the Board refuse the application? It is not likely they refused it without having taken these several points into consideration. The laws which guide them are not compulsory. They are not obliged to do this or that, as if the stern letter of the law compelled them. They were as free to grant the application as to refuse it - a proof that there was nothing compulsory in the course they took. In all, or nearly every case, the written law gives what is termed “a discretionary power,” to do a thing or let it alone, according to their discretion or judgment. Where people are thrown upon their discretion, it is of course necessary that they should be very careful what they are about, and refrain from deciding on any step until they have given it their fullest and maturest consideration. Whenever they have reason on their side, the public will lend them their confidence. Supposing in this or in any other case, the Board proceed to extremities, and advance into a lawsuit, thereby possibly involving themselves in heavy expenses - who is to pay? Do they pay their expenses out of their own pockets, or do they levy a rate on the inhabitants, and make the ratepayers smart for their proceedings? If the ratepayers are to find money for the expenses of the Board, it needs no argument to shew how desirable it would be for the Board in all cases, by the exercise of their discretion or their forbearance, first to secure the unanimous approval of the inhabitants. But, (considering the wideness of the street, the comeliness of the windows lying back within the railings and not encroaching upon the public highway,) if the Board may reasonably have granted the application, and if they were rather hard upon their neighbour in refusing it, certain it is, on the other hand, that Dr. Pullin is not without blame. If the Board was wrong in rejecting a reasonable request, Dr. Pullin has done wrong in setting the Board at defiance. The Board is possessed of great local power,. It is necessary therefore that the Board should exercise great judgment and caution before they issue any mandate; but then, it must also be said with equal emphasis, that whatever orders they issue, must be implicitely obeyed by the Public. If it were otherwise, what good are they? They would become a laughing-stock, and might be as well dissolved at once. As the case now stands, it is pretty certain that Dr. Pullin is entirely in their power. There is nothing to hinder them from sending their own men to pull his new windows down, and then making him pay them the expenses of having so done. The XXXIII Section of the Bye-Laws seems to make this clear:-

“XXXIII.-The Local Board shall by their order approve or disapprove of proposed new works or buildings within the times severally specified herein for the deposit of notices thereof; but if any owner or person intending to construct any new street or erect any new building fail to give the notices herein required, or proceed to the execution of any of the works before the expiration of such notices without the approval of the Local Board, or if the owner or person shall construct or cause to be constructed any works, or do any act, or omit to do any act, or comply with any requirement of the Local Board, contrary to the provisions herein contained, he shall be liable for such offence to a penalty not exceeding five pounds; and shall pay a further sum, not exceeding forty shillings, for each and every day which such works shall continue or remain contrary to the said provisions; and the Local Board may, if they shall think fit, cause such work to be removed, altered, pulled down, or otherwise dealt with, as the case may require; and the expenses incurred by them in so doing shall be repaid by the offender, and be recoverable from him in a summery manner, as provided by the Public Health Act, 1818.”

We should be sorry to see things proceed to such an extremity, for the peace of the town, and for every other consideration; and yet, both parties have gone so far, as to render it difficult to turn back. Perhaps, if Dr. Pullin were to admit to the Board that he had acted too independently of their authority; the Board would allow the matter to drop. It should always be borne on mind, that each case should be judged of separately and by itself, It is not logic to say, - Because we refused so-and-so to make a bow window, therefore we must refuse every body else. And it would be absurd for the public to dictate to the Board and say - Because you allowed so-and-so to build a window, or a porch, or a veranda, therefore you must allow us to do the same. No two houses are situated exactly alike, and consequently the argument that applies in one instance, may be highly inappropriate in the other.”

------------------------------------------------

I also subjoin an account of the last illness of Lord Palmerston. The particulars of the last moments of the greatest statesman of the age, are not without interest.

THE LAST ILLNESS OF

LORD PALMERSTON

(From the Lancet).

 

After a severe attack of goat last year, Lord Palmerston continued gradually to decline in strength, without any distinct complaint till April, when, after riding a rough horse, he suffered from haematuria. it was followed by catarrh of the bladder, with its ordinary accompanying symptoms, which occasioned great distress; and this aided by his official duties, reduced his strength considerably, though his remarkably good digestive organs remained unimpaired. For the first three months he was attended by the late Dr. Ferguson, in conjunction occasionally with Mr. Paget, who ascertained that there was neither calculus nor any other mechanical cause for the symptoms. After the death of Dr. Ferguson, Dr. Watson was consulted, and at the end of July, Dr. Protheroe Smith. The treatment they adopted consisted chiefly of tonics and astringents with generous diet and rest, under which Lord Palmerston slowly improved. This improvement was more marked after the conclusion of the session of Parliament, when he retired to Brockett Hall under the immediate care of Dr. Protheroe Smith and Dr. Drage, of Hatfield, Lord Palmerston’s family attendant. From this time till the 9th ult. There was a gradual amendment in Lord Palmerston’s condition.

On Monday, the 9th ult., The weather having suddenly changed, with a considerable fall of the temperature, Lord Palmerston, during a drive in an open carriage, took cold. Active inflammatory symptoms were observed on the following day by Dr. Drage, notwithstanding every effort to relieve which Dr. Protheroe Smith found, on his return from a distant professional journey on the following Thursday, a great change in the state of his patient. He complained of abdominal and dorsal pains; the pulse was 120, irregular and intermittent; the tongue furred; and there was thirst and loss of appetite. In the course of the day severe rigors occurred, followed by symptoms of collapse, namely, cold extremities, colliquative perspirations, and imperceptible radial pulse. From this condition he rallied in about four hours, when Mr. Paget, for whom Dr. Smith had telegraphed, arrived, and together with Dr. Drage, remained the night, leaving their patient much relieved next morning. Rigors and threatened collapse recurred, however, on Friday and Saturday, on the evening of which day Dr. Burrows was summoned from London, and, he remained at Brockett Hall that night. On Sunday morning Lord Palmerston’s symptoms were less urgent, and from this time he appeared to rally, though the pulse continued at about 100, the tongue was still furred and dry, and there was abdominal uneasiness. When Dr. Watson arrived from Cornwall on Monday morning, he found the Premier better. Up to Tuesday afternoon he continued to improve, the pulse falling to 80, and the tongue becoming moist; but at that time symptoms of great prostration again set in, the pulse being thready, and a mucuons rate marking each respiration; the gradual extinction of the radial pulse proceeding in inverse ratio with the frequency of breathing, which became shorter, and at last reached 54 in the minute. The intellect remained unimpaired to the last. Death took place without a struggle at a quarter to eleven a.m., resulting from catarrh of the bladder and abscess of the kidney.

Th. Nov. 16. 1865.-Attended a Vestry meeting convenened by our new Vicar But old friend Mr. Clements.

Note :- The following is a newspaper article that was attached to the diary regarding the above metting.

PROPSED REMOVAL of the ORGAN.

SPECIAL MEETING OF THE VESTRY.

A special meeting of the vestry of this parish was held on Thursday at the Vestry, to consider the position of the organ in the Parish Church. When the Church was re-built five years ago the Earl of Buckinghamshire generously paid for the new organ gallery. Since it has been up the effect produced has not pleased his lordship, though, owing to one or two unfortunate circumstances, now happily passed and gone, the Earl has not any favourable opportunity of expressing his feelings on the subject. His lordship has recently, however, made know his disappointment in the appearance expected to have been produced, and has expressed his willingness to promote the rearrangement of the organ on the ground in the Tower, if it should meet with the approval of the parishioners. In deference to these views the new vicar, the Rev H. G. J. Clements convened the present meeting. The vicar occupied the chair, and there were also present, Major Hicks, H. Ede, Esq., P. O. Hutchinson, Esq., Dr. Miller, W. Till, Esq., J. G. G. Radford, Esq., Dr. Mackenzie, W. Floyd, Esq., Messrs. Avery (Churchwarden), Harris, Mortimer, Webber, R. Stone, Spear, Hart, Newman, Butter, Mitchell, John Holmes, and two or three other rate-payers.

The Rev. Chairman commenced proceedings by reading the minutes of the last Vestry meeting, he then said they were there to consider a public notice convening a meeting to be held at eleven o’clock on that day for obtaining the sanction of the parish (under altered circumstances) to the removal of the present gallery, and the lowering of the organ to the floor of the Tower with a view to increasing the convenience and beauty of the parish church. No rate would be asked for. He trusted that as this was the first meeting at which he had the honour of occupying the chair, the gentlemen present would grant him their indulgence whilst he laid before them the details of the subject which caused the present meeting. In allusion to the unhappy dissensions which had taken place in the parish he said he need not recapitulate all that had previously taken place, no doubt all on that occasion took the part they thought was right, but whatever might be their individual opinions with regard to that, now he trusted they would let bye-gones be bye-gones. Ever since the organ had occupied its present position the effect it had produced in the Church had not been satisfactory to many, but he thought that they had all united in feeling that it was not a matter of taste, but a matter of honour, to allow the present position of the organ to remain unchanged. Delicacy of feeling had prevented any one from saying anything about it, and it was thought that until the Earl of Buckinghamshire had expressed himself upon the subject it would be best for no one else to do so. The Earl had not had a favourable opportunity till now, and now he expressed himself on the subject, and very nobly disinterestedly indeed, as he always did. His lordship had been disappointed in the appearance of the organ in its present position, and had so expressed himself in a communication which he had received which he ventured to state was to the effect, that he (the Earl) had never been satisfied with the effect produced by the organ in its present position. His lordship observed that it had greatly disappointed him, but under all circumstances he had hitherto kept his disappointment to himself, waiting for a more suitable opportunity, which he considered now to have arrived, and so far as the question of its removal to a more suitable position rested with him, he was anxious to see it carried out, but provided the vicar and parishioners approved. He (Mr. Clements) said it was with a view to this that he ventured to bring the subject before the parish. Before doing so, however, he had ascertained the views of the Earl, and he thought as a matter of delicacy the parish would think that he had acted right in ascertaining from the Earl of Buckinghamshire what would be thought the best future position for the organ. He (Mr. Clements) had since asked Mr. Hayward, Architect, of Exeter, to come and see the church, which he had done, and proposed as the best position for the organ that it should be placed on the ground at the west entrance to the church. No rate would be asked for as he was happy to say he had funds placed at his disposal to make the alteration, and he proposed that Mr. Dicker, the original builder, of the organ should be engaged to remove it when its position should be decided on. In placing the organ in the position proposed at the west door of the church, it might be divided into two parts, but he thought the best plan would be to sacrifice the western door altogether, for it was only during five or six months in the year that it was used. In looking at the advantages and disadvantages of this proposal, there was another objection, and that was losing fifty or sixty sittings for school-children, but to meet that objection he might state, that those who at present sat under the gallery, could not hear a word of the service. He thought nobody could doubt that the beauty of the church, would be greatly increased by the removal of the tower and the gallery; finally if things passed off smoothly and quietly, the Queen’s window might yet grace the parish church. Of course he could not say it really would, but he thought every one in the parish would rejoice to see it there. The Earl of Buckinghamshire, would after making this concession no doubt, be very glad, and he was quite sure his honourable and gallant friend (alluding to Mr. Hutchinson) would like to see it there under altered circumstances.

Mr. Hutchinson replied that he should be very glad, under fair and honourable circuinstances, but before they talked about the Queen’s window let them stick to the organ, and see about the window afterwards.

The Chairman resumed, he would be very glad to see the Queen’s window there, but he would wish for something far more than any Queen’s window, and that was peace and unity in the parish, which no one loved more than himself. (Hear, hear.)

After some desultory discussion as to the removal of the Tower door, &c.,

Major Hicks observed that he had known of two instances where an organ had been removed to the ground floor as proposed in this case, and it had suffered so much from damp that it had to be raised again, and in one instance at a cost of no less than £300. He suggested that before they decided upon the removal a competent organist should be consulted.

Mr. James Newman said that difficulty could be removed be the insertion of ventilators into the floor underneath the organ.

The Chairman replied that it was proposed to consult Mr. Dicker as he had remarked, and that Mr. Hayward had already consulted Mr. Dicker, so that his opinion was really on authority.

Mr. Radford, said he considered this very satisfactory, and moved that the sanction of the parish be given the removal of the organ gallery and the lowering of the organ to the floor of the tower, with a view to opening the tower arch and western window, and adding to the beauty and convenience of the Church.

Mr. Webber seconded the motion.

The Chairman, in asking if any gentleman had any further remarks to make, read, to show the unanimity of feeling amongst the parishioners, a letter which he had received from Captain Matthews as follows: - “The Lodge, Nov. 14, 1865.-Rev. and Dear Sir,:- My slight experience of vestry meetings induces me rather to adopt: the present mode of congratulating Sidmouth on the important topic which it is convened to discuss next Thursday. In consenting to any translation of the organ from its present position in our beautiful restored Parish Church, the noble earl has made all classes his debtors, because virtually it must prove such generous concession and boon, as the youngest among us may not live to reap the whole benefit of. My individual impulse on the occasion is, publicly, to express sincere regret that anything should have intercepted for a moment that deference which is so justly due to rank and station. Hopeful, reverend sir, that all stages of your ministry here may be so signally blessed as its auspicious commencement. I am, very respectfully, your obliged and faithful, Alfred Matthews.”

The resolution was then put and carried unanimously.

The Chairman next asked that the thanks of the meeting might be conveyed to the Earl of Buckinghamshire as he thought all would agree with him, that he come forward in a very handsome manner, with the olive branch of peace as it were in his hand, to make the change and to pay for it. (Hear, hear.)

Mr. Webber had much pleasure in seconding the resolution, which was unanimously carried, and after the disposal of some routine businesses, the meeting dispersed.

Fri. Nov. 23. 1865.- Violent gale of wind from the south. The weather recently has been extremely stormy. After breakfast went down to the beach to look at the sea. The sight was so fine that I came back to persuade Mrs. Maitland and her nieces, who are now in my house at no. 4 Coburg Terrace, to come too. It was with difficulty we could stem the violence of the wind. We got to the Bedford Hotel, near the south-east corner of the Fort Field. We could not proceed eastwards along the road before the houses, as every now and then the immense waves rushed over the esplanade, and ran down into the town.

Fri. Nov. 24.- Calm weather - wind north-west.

Sat. Nov. 25:- Another gale from the south, as violent as before. About three this afternoon a barque, said to be partly laden with grain, and with an Italian crew, drove into Ladram Bay, and soon became a wreck. She struck against the isolated rock just west of the Arch, when the crew got into a boat and came ashore. The front door of the Old Chancel is made of her outside timbers.

Sun. Nov. 26.- Again calm and fine, the wind having shifted to the north-west. In the afternoon walked over Peak Hill to Ladram Bay, some two miles west. There were a great many people there from Sidmouth, Otterton and all the neighbourhood. The vessel was a complete smash, lying just inside the isolated rock near the embouchure of the road leading down to the Bay. One half or one side of her, lay just inside the rock; the bow, with the windlass and anchors, and a mass of ropes and spars, all tangled together, and half buried in gravel, was driven higher up nearer the cliff. All the beach eastward to the Natural Arch, and along in the direction of Sidmouth, was covered with planks and fragments.

 

December 1865.

Th. Dec. 21.-The Shortest day, but mild. I saw three Swallows in company, flying about the greater part of the afternoon.

Fri. Dec. 22.-Went with some friends to see the American dwarf Tom Thumb, whose real name is Stratton. I saw him some twenty years ago in London. He is now very fat, but active and healthy. He now brought a wife with him, smaller than himself, and an infant daughter, two years old. Also his wife’s sister, Miss Minnie Warren, a very little thing, and delicate looking. And also another dwarf, called Commodore Nutt. There were some physical peculiarities. None of then had the noses of grown people. There noses had mostly the childish small, round, & snub, infantile shape, and yet some of them at least were not young. I think Tom Thumb was called 17 twenty years ago, which would make him 37 now. His wife owns to 27: her sister to 22 or 23: and Commodore Nutt to 25. Most of them had round projecting foreheads, and a considerable length of skull from front to back, like the outline annexed.

Tom thumb’s wife had quite a matronly development of bosom, and matronly figure, but still, all in proportion. By their acting, and singing they appeared possessed of a good share of intelligence.

End of 1865.

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In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson (2010-2013) has been delivered by the East Devon AONB Partnership on behalf of and with the financial support of Defra, Devon County Council, East Devon District Council, the Heritage Lottery Fund (Your Heritage) and the Sid Vale Association's Keith Owen Trust Fund.

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