POH Transcripts - 1886 (Jan - Nov)

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January 1886.

Jan. 1. 1886. New year’s Day. Wind SW. and Mild. Thermometer 52. Had an early dinner with Mr. and Miss Ede, at Lansdowne. Walked back.

Before dusk the Vicar called to thank me for what I wrote out for him the other day. He saw the old silver tankard, which I had out, having copied the rudely cut coat of arms, to be engraved on wood for my book. He was surprised when I told him one of my ancestors gave his private drinking vessel for the Communion wine to one of the early churches in Boston, Massachusetts, there being no church plate in the young colony, and the plate offered for sale, when my cousin, Prebendary H. of Lichfield, bought it back into the family.

Received two proofs of reduced copy of the old coat of arms on vellum, printed in colours, from Messrs Leighton, Brothers, of Drury Lane. It is a very good facsimile, quarter area, but too clean, new, and bright. I wish it to look as dirty and old as the original. I warned then against this. I shall make my complaint, and order 1000 copies.

A curious story came from Torquay last week. A Mrs. Sutton had resided at Bath, where she lost a child last spring, which was put in a wooden shell, a lead coffin, an outer wooden one, and buried. She afterwards decided on going to live at Teignmouth or Shalden, and decided to take the remains of her child with her, and inter them there; so, after a deal of trouble, she got leave from the Home Secr,y and a Faculty from the Bishop to exhume it, and brought it to Devonshire. The maid servant, who it appears had nursed the child, persuaded her mistress not to bury it, but to keep it to look at. Mrs. Sutton followed this advice, and these two together, opened the outer coffin, and took the lead coffin out. They then filled the empty coffin with bricks, applied to the clergyman, and had a mock funeral - he not knowing what he was burying. They then cut a hole in the lead coffin, or rather, in both coffins, and put in a glass window. The mother strewed the grave over the bricks with flowers, to keep up appearance. She soon however, altered her plans, and resolved to live at Torquay, and she engaged a house there. She then procured an empty piano-forte case, in which she and her servant packed the lead coffin and contents, and took them to the house in Torquay. After she had been there some little time, she was unable to meet her engagements with her landlord, and under distress he seized her goods. He sent people to appraise the furniture, &c., and in going over all part of the house, at last they came upon the piano-forte case. Suspecting some of the goods might have been secreted there for the purpose of clandestine removal, they forced it open. As soon as Mrs. Sutton heard what they had discovered, she absconded, and kept out of the way, nobody knowing what had become of her. The men however at once informed the police, who came, and took the coffin away. A post mortem examination was made, and Mrs. Sutton, gaining courage, came back, and told the whole story. The surgeon was satisfied, from the appearance of the mouth and throat, that the child had not been poisoned, but decay had gone so far that he could not be sure of its age or sex. She stated that it was a boy, and gave its names, and said it was eighteen months old. The Coroner told her she had been highly indiscreet in what she had done - that there was no punishment if she would follow his directions - and the existing law required that the dead must not be kept above ground to the injury of the living - and that she must undertake to have it buried within two days, as if not done, it would be done by his order, and the expense charged to her.

At the expiration of the time it was found that she had not complied with the order, and she was asked for an explanation. She excused herself on this interrogation by saying that she wished to bury it where the other coffin was, but she could not command the money. She was asked whether she had any friends who could help her? She said her mother was living, and if they would grant her a few days more, she would apply to her, and endeavour to get it done. As nothing has appeared in the papers since, the bricks are probably taken up, and the child put in their place. She is the wife of a photographer, and farmer, &c., now in Canada. - The papers since say it has been buried at Shaldon.

Sat. Jan. 2. Mild - 52. Called on Dr. Radford at his brother’s house at Sidmount, half way to the Railway Station. He has got some more first class photographs and other works of art, since I was there last. Shewed him the coloured facsimiles of the coat of arms. Gave him one.

While I was there the Vicar came in with his relatives, the Misses Quin, or O’Quin, and Miss Markham, daughter of Mr. Clements Markham, G.B.

Returning, called on Mrs. Tolliffe at Woodlands, Saw Miss Tolliffe.

Sun. 3. At the parish church.

M. 4. The papers say that the election expenses of Sir John Kennaway were £1282,,7,,0, and those of Sir John Phear were £1116,,8..4.

This afternoon about 10.20, the sensation of an earthquake was sensibly felt by many persons along the line between Dartmouth and Kingsbridge. Some say it was no great shakes.

Tu. 5. I cut the annexed Will of Lady Rolle out of the paper.


We understand that the will of the late Lady Rolle has been proved and the personality sworn under £133,000. the will was executed in April, 1884, in the presence of the Rev. E. Davis, of Budleigh Salterton, her ladyship’s domestic chaplain, and Mr. T. J. Bremridge, the family lawyer. The Hon. Colonel Trefusis and Mr. J.C. Moore-Stevens were appointed the executors. The will has been proved by Mr. Moore-Stevens, Colonel Trefusis having survived Lady Rolle by only about a fortnight.The testatrix left her dwelling-houses and land at East Budleigh, and any other real property of which she might be possessed, to her nephew, the before-mentioned Colonel Trefusis, as also her plate and wines both at Bicton and her town house in Upper Grosvenor-street. To the Hon. Mrs. Carpenter-Garnier Lady Rolle left her cabinets and their contents, as well as the whole of the ornamental china, glass, and objects of vertu in her residence in Grosvenor-street. The diamonds left by the late Lord Rolle - to which her ladyship had largely added - as well as the furniture, pictures, glass, china, linen, and books at Bicton, are ordered to pass to the Hon. Mark Rolle; the diamonds, the vases presented to Lady Rolle by the Grand Duchesse Helene of Russia, and an enamel painting of Lord Rolle, are specially named as heirlooms to be held with the Rolle Estates. The testatrix leaves to her nieces, the unmarried daughters of the late Lord Clinton, her Indian shawls, laces, jewels, trinkets, and ornaments - to be equally divided. The wardrobe (excepting the shawls, laces) is left to her ladyship’s maid, Elizabeth Warren. The specific monetary bequests are £10,000 to the Honourable Colonel Trefusis, and £4,000 to his daughter, Adelia Mary Charlotte Trefusis; to the testatrix’s niece, Fanny Louisa Moore, £4,000; to the Rev. R.E. Trefusis, Vicar of Chittlehampton, £2,000; “to my kind friend,” J.C. Moore-Stevens, £2,000; to each unmarried daughter of the late Lord Clinton, £4,000; to her ladyship’s cousin,

Helene Chavannes, the daughter of Mons. C. Bugnion, of Lausanne, banker, £1,000; to George Windsor Clive, son of the Hon. G.W. Clive, £4,000; and to each of the three daughters of the Hon. Mrs. Carpenter-Garnier, £2,000. To her maid, Warren, the testatrix leaves an annuity of £200 a year, and to Fanny Margaret Darbon £150 per annum, “she having been so useful to me since she has lived with me;” to the London house-keeper - Ellen Wheal - and the butler - D. Curwood - £20 each per annum. The following bequests are made to public institutions:- To the Devon and Exeter Female Penitentiary, Exeter, £200; to the West of England Institution for the Blind, £100; to the west of England Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, £100; the Exeter Lying-in Charity, £100; West of England Eye Infirmary, £100; and the Exeter Dispensary, £100; all legacies and annuities are to be paid free of duty and expenses. The residue of the estate was left to the Hon, Colonel Trefusis.

W. 6. Twelfth Day. Sudden change in the weather since the first; tho’ a fine bright morning, wind to NE, strong, with flakes of snow.

Remained in and finished the scabbard of my small size sword, which I believe is of Spanish make. The guard and mountings are of solid silver. The old scabbard had got broken at some unknown period, & perhaps from damp, had shrunk, so that the blade could not be got down; so I made a wooden scabbard in two halves out of thin, straight pieces of ash, and got Dyer the Sadler to cover it with black leather, and copy all the markings on the old one. I have now fitted on the silver ferules.

Th. 7. Strong NE wind, Snow showers. Thermometer 39 at 1P.M.

Fri. 8. Wind NW, strong, snow showers, 42’.

S. 9. The same, but clear. Accounts of much snow in London, and more in the north. Not so cold since Jan. 1881,- five years ago.

Sun. 10. Wind changed to S. Raw, chilly, and all the cold coming back.

Tu. 12. Parliament meets to-day, but the Queen’s Speech will not be read till the 21st. Report says the Queen intends to open Parliament in person. The interval will be filled up in preparations, swearing in new Members, &c. Much trouble with Ireland is expected.

Fri. 15. pmomel 49. Walked up on Land, beyond the Vicarage, and paid Mr. Vallance a ton of best coal - 25s. The herrings have been late, but now plentiful and cheap - 4d a dozen. Dined off them.

S. 16. pmomel 45. Received the first proof sheet of 16 pages of Vol. II. Of The Diary and letters of Thomas Hutchinson, &c. The Publishers hoped to get the book out by Lady Day, but I am sure it cannot. 300 copies already bespoken by the Americans.

Sun. 17. Too cold for me to venture out. In the evening Mr. Mitchel of Chard, being in Sidmouth, called in and had an hour’s conversation.

M. 18. Wind NW. A snow storm from noon till two, but it did not lie on the ground.

Tu. 19. Found the Gun Boat opposite in an old portfolio. It was a plan or design of mine made more than 30 years ago, and before ironclads were known, for making for making a gunboat with eight guns, entirely invulnerable. She was to have no rigging whatever: her smooth deck slightly convex; and her sides sloping at an angle, so that every shot that hit her must necessarily glance off; At each end of the deck, (as in the plan), there was to be a large hatch, down flush when shut - strongly hinged at the outer end, but which could be raised to any height at the inner end. So that if an enemy took possession of the deck, such enemy could by cleared off with rifles by the crew opening the width of a slit only. I thought I should like to steer her through the fleet, and then to fire 20 shots at my, and see if they could produce any effect.

To-day I received from the wood engraver in London, a wood block being a facsimile engraving on it of the H. arms, to be used in my second vol. I also had a copper electrotype of it made, and which was likewise in the parcel. I shall send up the electrotype to the printer, and retain the original. The arms are taken from the old tankard. [See Jan. 1.]

On looking out this morning, the country was all whiter. Snow had fallen in the night, but a bright sun thawed most of it. Rain in afternoon.

Th. 21. The Queen opens Parliament in person.

Fri. 22. Dr. Radford called in. I shewed him the old tankard, and the wood engraving of the arms, and also the electrotype. He has taken great interest in my book.

Sat. 23. Corrected sheet F, ending with page 80.

The Exeter Football Club came and played our men. The field was wet, and in their violent tumbles, most of them got covered with mud.

M. Jan. 25. When walking behind people of both sexes, it is impossible to avoid seeing their ankles. In so doing, I have often been struck with the different forms of ankles in different people. The best formed ankles we see are those which tend up and down straight, in line perpendicularly with a straight leg, as in the first sketch in the margin. Such ankles and legs give the idea of strength, just as a straight perpendicular post gives the idea of greater strength, and of being able to sustain a heavier weight, than a crooked one, or a leaning post would do. The second form belongs more to females, although this form, which bears more or less decidedly on the inside of the foot, is various, in some cases very greatly apparent, but in others very slightly so. I have known some strong-minded, or masculine minded women, whose ankles were as straight as in the upper figure. I may mention the Miss Osbournes, daughters of Lord Sidney Godolphin Osborne. They are both tall - the younger Miss Georgina not much short of six feet; they are upright, and good firm walkers. I believe that a man who was not so would be rejected for the army, as not being likely to sustain a long march, though they would be admitted into the cavalry. In young girls, under the age of puberty, their legs and ankles do not differ from those of a boy; but in numberless instances where I have seen the daughters of my friends grow up from childhood, I have observed that the ankle changes its form, or setting, or bearing, as in the second figure, at or about the period when the age of womanhood comes on. I believe that sculptors speak of this as a beauty in women:- I should rather call it a peculiarity.

As to the two lower figure, they are simply examples of a bow-legged man, and a knock-kneed man. Each form of leg gives the idea of weakness. Some say that horse jockeys are generally bow-legged, and that this has been brought about by being constantly on horseback - as if the round horse’s body had bent their legs to its form.

M. 25. Yesterday wind NE, rain all day, and snow at night. Very wet. Te ne suis pas sorti de toute la journe’e

Tu. 26. The country covered with a thin coating of snow, the greater part of which vanished before sunset, for the wind changed to south.

The scientific Journals report that a bronze statue of Dionysius was recently found in the bed of the Tiber. As the 7-branch Golden Candlestick, taken at Jerusalem by Titus, and sculptured on his Arch, is said to have been thrown into the Tiber - for what reason I know not, unless to hide it from some enemy - I hope they may some day fish it up.

And they report also that a copy of Lactantius, printed in Italy in 1465, has been stolen from the Minerva Library at Rome.

The papers say that the Prince of Wales, last Wednesday the 20th., opened the new Tunnel under the Mersey, between Liverpool and Birkenhead.

Mr. Gladstone is again at his mischievous intriguing. Having, by his recent Reform Bill, when he was in office last spring, extended the Franchise down to mechanics and day labourers, many of whom have been elected as Members of Parliament, and entrusted with making laws for you and me - and especially in Ireland, where many of the new Members are of this class, and have come over with their leader Mr. Parmell, and who, as a body, hostile to England, and are plotting to separate the Green Isle from Great Britain, he is hinting at an Irish Parliament in Dublin, by way of bait. This would lead to a dismemberment of the Empire. He seems to regard nothing, and no perils to the nation, so that he can get into office. The Marquis of Salisbury’s Ministry has been in office since last June, and are working quietly and constitutionally, and would settle men’s minds down, if were not for this old agitator.

W. 27. So Gladstone and the Parnellites, as they are called, have joined forces to defeat the Government. I shall be looking out for the Irish Rebellion soon. All sober minded men, even of his own party, are watching his career with amazement.

Sat. 30. Am elm tree in the hedge, opposite my higher iron gate and entrance, has for some time been leaning, so as to threaten my wall, columns, and likewise my double gates. Having directed the attention of the Trustees of the Manor to it, they sent men to-day who felled it, and took it away.

February 1886.

Mon. Feb. 1. Cold NE weather, but no snow.

Tu. 2. Miss Mary Gladstone daughter of the new Prime Minister, was married this morning at St. Margaret’s Westminster, to the Rev. Harry Drew, who has been two years Curate at Howarden, the Gladstone’s parish.

Fri. Feb. 6. Mr. S.G. Perceval suggests to me, that the books I intend to leave to the Free Library, Exeter, would be better in a small Book-case. Putting this idea into my head, I have measured my materials, thought of a design, and began to make a small wooden model - for nothing shews a thing like a model.

Sat. 6. A rumour is going round Sidmouth, that the body of an infant, done up in a parcel, has been found in the river Sid. We shall hear more before long.

M. 8. Gave Sarah Jane May, daughter of my milkman, two tea trays, of two sizes, as a wedding present. She is to be married in a few days. That class may as well marry young. They have no expectations to wait for. I disapprove of wedding presents among the better classes. The practice has now become a mere fashion. The bride is taught to be covetous of a large number, and vain when she displays them on a side table, and vexed and envious if she does not get so many as her neighbour did, and proud if she happened to get more, &c. The fashion has reached monstrous proportions, and is quite a tax upon mere common acquaintance. The majority who give do so “because I must give something” - or because “I couldn’t very well avoid it.” I have long felt that if I were going to be married, I should wish to make it known among my friends, that I would rather that they should not tax themselves on my account, if I could do it without offence. I have heard of a gentleman who did not like collective presents; and resolved never to receive a present, “except from one person at a time.

Th. 11. Sent two Roman roofing tiles to the Museum in Exeter, for Mr. Spencer G. Perceval. They were dug up at the ruins of a Roman Villa near Seaton many years ago by his uncle the late Sir Walter Trevelyan, Bart. Sketching from memory, I have put them in the margin. See the article “Honeyditches” in Trans. Dev. Assoc. XVII. 277.

M. Feb. 15. A disgraceful case of Crawford v. Dilke, in which Sir Charles Dilke, M.P. is defendant, is in the Divorce and law courts. He deserves to be scouted from decent society. - July 24.

W.17. Riots in London the past day or two by the unemployed, led on by Socialists and agitators. Windows broken indiscriminately, and many robberies with violence. Many houses of the nobility and the wealthy assaulted, simply because they were rich, and the rioters poor. They forgot that it is by the rich that they live, and what would they do without them? Great outcry against the new Ministry, just settled in their places, for allowing the mod to run riot for a couple of hours, and no force sent out to check them.

Th. 18. The parcel mentioned on the 6th. Contained the body of a new born female child. It was seen by the children of Mr. Bray, Photographer, &c., of Old Fore Street. The matter has been traced to a young woman called Doble, living in the service of Mr. and Mrs. Lubbock, (ne’e Thornton) at the Myrtles, just over the river Sid, and the young Austrian butler. The servants were all turned off. They could not find her for a week, but has at last been taken. He has escaped altogether. She has been committed for trial - not for murder, but for concealment of birth.

Tu. 23. The herring season this winter began late and has lasted much later than usual. Some large ones were brought to the house this morning - on which I dined. They have however, lost their firmness; and though one of them had a fine hard row, the majority of them for the last month have been without rows, or with small shrivelled ones.

W. 24. Black, dull, north-east wind for some little time. Thermometer out of doors 27 last night, I am told. Frost on the ground. Coldest day, to the feel, we have had this winter - the north-easter is so penetrating. Not been out for five weeks. Amused myself with a little carpentering - drawing - writing letters, (which is generally a task) - and correcting the press of my second vol. Got as far as p. 416.

Fri. Feb. 26. Beautiful winter day. Wind northeast, and “enough to cut a snipe in two,” but a clear bright sky, and the sun delightful.

Sat. 27. Black, cold, leaden sky again. That “all flesh is grass,” as a piece of ancient wisdom; and as the grass in my ground grows when the weather is worm, and is retarded when the weather gets cold, so I find with the beard on my chin; so I find with the beard on my chin; and have been surprised to observe how seldom I need shaving now this cold weather lasts.

March 1886.

March 1. Strong NE wind last night, with rain, veering to E and S. Much snow in the midland and northern counties

W. March 3. A shower of snow this morning, which made the ground all white, but which was all gone before noon in the valley of Sidmouth.

My cousin Rachel, (d. of my uncle T.H. Barrister-at-law, formerly of Exeter) sent me an oval miniature of my grandmother, who died at Heavitree in 1808. She was d. of Lieut. Governor Andrew Oliver, of Boston, Massachusetts, by his second wife Mary Sanford. Her name was Sarah. She is represented in a green dress - sitting at a table - right cheek resting on right hand - left holding a book - eyes cast down looking at it - lace mob cap hiding her hair - eyes and eyebrows dark - lace front - dress, especially arms, rather tight and unbecoming, - countenance very pleasing. It was painted on ivory by Leakey, of Exeter, and I am told it was taken after her death. She was buried in a vault in Heavitree old church, and her husband, (eldest son of Gov. Hutchinson) in the year 1811.

Fri. 5. Herrings again! I never dined of herrings so late in the herring season before. The season generally begins about Xmas, and ends in the first half of February. North-east wind blowing. Miserable day. Rain all the morning - sleet in the afternoon - snow in the evening.

Received five impressions of the reduced facsimile of the old coat of arms on vellum, from the chromolithographers Messrs. Leighton, Bros. of Drury Lane. The copy is very good, but it looks too new and fresh, and clean, though done on “toned” paper. They have printed 1000, and will be used in my second vol.

Sat. 6. Fine cold day - wind NW - sun shining - snow soon melted.

Sun. 7. Cold NE. Papers say snow drifts 20f. High in the north. Travelling stopped.

M. 8. Confirmation at the parish church by Bishop Bickersteth.

Tu. 9. The different and successive Styles of Gothic architecture form a very interesting series from the Norman Conquest downwards. Different architects differ slightly in assigning the period when each style came into being. This is not strange when we remember that each style did not come into being of a sudden, but gradually. It would not be possible to draw a hard-and-fast line when each one appeared. In the list annexed I have added the debased styles with approximate dates. The Victorian or last style mentioned, is no more than an adaptation of plain and cheap Decorated. I cannot quite reconcile to my mind, when partially rebuilding a church, the common practice of building in this style up against a Perpendicular, or Third Pointed tower, or mixing it with retained portions of a nave, for example. The excuse that architects make is - that it is convenient.

Norman Gothic Style, came in 1066 = William 1.

Early English - 1st. Pointed 1189 = Richard 1.

Decorated - 2nd. Pointed 1307 = Edward II.

Perpendicular - 3rd. Pointed 1377 = Richard II.

Tudor, or late Perpendicular 1485 = Henry 7.

Cessation, or Interregnum 1546 = Edward 6.

Elizabethan 1558 = Elizabeth.

Jacobean 1602 = James 1.

Debased Classic 1648 = Charles 2.

Queen Anne Style 1702 = Anne .

Chippendale 1750 = George 2.

Georgian - debased 1780 = George 3.

Revival of Gothic architecture 1840 = Victoria .

W. 10. Ash Wednesday. The unusually persistent north-east wind is still steady, but it is fine and clear. It has neither frozen much nor snowed much here at Sidmouth, but the north-easter is making everybody complain. The papers say the North-Eastern Railway Company have expended £30,000 cleaning away snow, to keep the line open; and 10,000 sheep killed on the Welsh mountains; and 6 or 8 ponies found dead under the snow on Dartmore, all together.

Tu. 16. I pity the birds this winter. The numbers that are about here now, all seeking for food, are very remarkable. My old accustomed rooks are very bold, and their appetites pretty keen. I have a number of starlings, but one of them is noted for its tameness. The plumage is beautiful in the sun, and the beak a bright yellow. There is a fine blackbird with an orange colour beak. There are plenty of sparrows, chaffinches, tomtits, water-wag-tails, &c., and a solitary robin. What is most noteworthy is, the presence of a number of thrushes in the field between me and the church, hopping about all day long, and trying to find grubs or worms. This has been usual in hard winters, and their presence here is an indication that frozen ground up the country, or abundance of snow has driven to the south of England. Until this winter I never saw pewit in the valley before. In former years they used to frequent the top of Salcombe Hill in flocks, and hover round one’s head with their screaming note. The hard weather has driven them to the valley where the ground is not frozen. For several days there have been three or four, as well as the thrushes, searching the field. I have been spying at them with an opera glass, and made the above sketch, but I could not see details clearly. The feathers on the head that tend backwards, can apparently be raised, as the cockatoo raises its topknot. I saw one of them pull a worm out of the ground. There have also been some larks, which I have never see here, except in severe weather. The mode of progression of different birds is very different. The sparrows hops, as all the world knows; the chaffinch shuffles along by jerks, a few paces at a time; the thrush uses a quick run, somewhat in the same way, and stops, and then shuffles on again; the blackbird goes mostly by jerks, but runs; the rook and jackdaw both walk, but do not run; the water wagtail and the starling most nimbly run beautifully; the pewit runs, but generally by snatches, like the thrush. As to food, some are carnivorous, and some are graminivorous, though most birds, notwithstanding a decided preference, will eat almost anything. It I throw out some pieces of meat or fat, and some pieces of bread, both together, the rook will take the meat first, and the bread after. The jackdaw will do just the contrary, and eat the bread first and the meat last. Starlings, blackbirds, thrushes, tomtits, and robins, all seen to prefer the animal food, but the sparrow selects the bread crumbs first. Most of them prefer pie-crust to bread, probably from its being more fat or buttery. Sparrows are grain eaters, and first select the vegetable food. I have tried the rooks with sponge cake, pudding, buns, and bride cake, and they will eat it all, though they will eat it cautiously, as if they thought it was queer stuff.

W. Mar. 17. Herrings again! I never remember the herring season continue so long after Christmas. What I had to-day were of good size, and some with ro but the flesh has lost its firmness.

Tu. 18. The long continuance of north-east wind seems to be giving way, and veering towards the south-east with rain.

The Princess of Wales, who, with her three daughters, has been staying at Torquay for a few weeks with the Duchess of Sutherland, leaves to-day. - No; not till April 3.

Fri. 19. Received some impressions of the coat of arms for my new book, that have had an extra gray or brown tint printed over them, to sober the too new and clean appearance, and impart the old effect of the original, if possible.

All this forenoon there were rumblings and concussions, like a distant and a severe thunder storm in the direction of France. The wind was south-east, with very thick weather. Later in the day, some friends who called, said they thought it sounded more like heavy guns, as if our Channel fleet were exercising in the offing.

Finished a fair copy of the Index, and sent it to London. Took a walk.

Sat. 20. Wind southerly, with mist. Much milder. Terrible accounts of renewed snow, and severe weather in the north. Hope the north-easters are over. Out 3 times.

Sun. 21. Much milder. Mist and rain towards evening.

M. 22. A dense fog. Could see nothing across the field.

Tu. 23. Wind SW. Like a spring day. Thermometer 53 out of doors at 3 PM. Most enjoyable to be out walking.

W, Mar. 24. The Queen went in state from Buckingham Palace to the Thames Embankment to-day, and laid the Foundation Stone of the Medical Examination Hall. Later in the day she was taking a drive, when a man approached and threw a Petition into the carriage. He had been in the army, and his Petition was about a pension.

Th. 26. Called on the Rev. Mr. Sewall, Curate & tem., at Aurora, and on the Rev.

Mr. Pyne, who, with his family, is at No. 1, Coburg Terrace.

Sat. 27. Sent silver sugar tongs, (old fashioned, like scissors) to my cousin

Katherine H., who is going to marry son of the Bishop of Redford, (How,) and to her father the Prebendary, sent him at Blurton near Stoke-upon-Trent, co, Staff., a Chromolith of the H, arms for my new book, and lent him to read, the three last sheets.

The political situation in this country is very extraordinary at the present time. Mr. Gladstone has got back to power - first, by adding two million of the most ignorant part of the population, who are completely his tools, as they cannot comprehend the meaning of a vote, or how to give it in the exercise of their new powers; and secondly, by holding out Home Rule and a Parliament in Dublin to the Irish, as a bait; and now the astounded country is waiting to know what turn the discussions will take in approaching the revolutionary and destructive measures in the House, which are to be entered upon in a few days. Some of his Ministers, ultra and subservient as they are, cannot go so far, and threaten to resign if he persists. If this goes on it must lead to a series of tumults, or a rebellion in Ireland; but an overthrow of the Ministry will probably occur and save us from something that threatens a dismemberment of the empire.

Mr. Vssher, Mr. Woodward, and their chief on the Geological survey, called on unexpectedly, and we had an hour’s chat on geological subjects in general.

Mon. 29. Having just corrected the proof sheet of the Index, I have now finished my second vol. There remains the sewing, binding, and inserting the illustrations, to be done in London. Three heliotype portraits, done in America, where the original paintings are, (1000 of each) I hope will come soon.

Called on Mr. Parfitt, Librarian to the Exeter Institution, now here for a short time, and took him “Walford’s Antiquarian” for April to amuse him.

Tu. 30. Sent Mrs. Knowles to Budleigh, probably for a few days. Wind SW., showery: Farenheit 46; some distant lightning and thunder at sunset.

W. 31. Mr. Parfett had tea with me.

April 1886.

Th. Ap. 1. Mrs. Knowles returned unexpectedly.

Fri. 2. Finished reading “A Great Treason,” in 2 vol., by Miss Mary Hoppus, whose acquaintance I made here at Sidmouth last August. It is a very well written fiction founded on the incidence of the American Revolution, but keeping trueto history. My great-grandfather Governor H, is several times named.

S. 3. Beautiful day - spring like. Farenheit 51. Transplanted a few flowers. Called on Mr. Parfitt, and on Mr. W. Floyd. Then a walk in the Salcombe Fields.

Whether the prognostication said to have been made some 40 years ago by Lord Palmerston, is really true or no, one thing is certain - I have often heard’t and it is pretty generally believed; and the cutting which I annex, and which was in yesterday’s Devon and Exeter Gazette, shews that no secret is made of it.

The statement attributed to Lord Palmerston that “Mr. Gladstone

would ruin his country and die in a mad-house” sounds very impolite

in these days of Gladstonolatory; but the talk of the Lobby and the

Clubs brings the prophecy painfully back to one’s memory.

The political situation just now, and the dangerous encouragement he is giving to the disloyal Irish, who are ready to break into open rebellion, if they dare, are making all sober minded and law-abiding people, look on with amazement.

Sun. Ap. 4. More like spring. Pmomet 54’. Church in aftnoon, aft a long intval, owing to pe cutting NE winds.

M. 5. Called on Mrs. And Miss Toller, Oakland, and chatted for half an hour. On Mrs. Jolliffe at Woodlands - too ill to see friends. Walked round by Cotmaton Cotlands, Wilheby, &c.

Tu. 6. Early dinner with Mr. Ede at Lansdowne.

W. 7. In that rising monthly Magazine, the Western Antiquary, there has been a good deal about Sir Francis Drake. The annexed Crest, cut from the wrapper, is a good example of a picture shewing how his ship was conducted and drawn round the world by divine help. How different from the simplicity of ancient Heraldry. And the Draco bird is on the main topsail, only not hung up by the heels.

Th. 8. Burnt a number of cancelled cheques, returned to me by the banker. Formerly Bankers used to make bonfires and destroy the old Cheques, because they became an accumulating heap and burden. Now they prefer to return them to the issuers. My Bankers therefore, asked me to take mine back, to relieve his coffers of the accumulation. I asked him if he would allow me to issue them again at half price? But he laughed and shook his head.

Sent off by Parcel Post “A Great Treason,” 2 vols., Miss Hoppus’s novel on American incidents of the Revolution, to my coz. Preb. W.H. at his Vicarage at Blurton, co. Staff. Also, returned him the silver Tankard, the Arms on which are engraved at p. 454 of my second vol. - Called on Mrs. Wright, Hillsdon.

Fri. Transplanted a few flower roots of the American “Bee Flower,” the original seeds of which I gathered when I was travelling and touring in America, so long ago as in 1837. I think I pulled then from a plant when I was near Niagara. They have sowed themselves about my ground here at Sidmouth ever since. The pistil and stamens in the middle of the blossom look very like the hind quarters and legs of a bee creeping in to suck honey - hence the name.

About eleven this morning, 2 flashes of lightning and loud thunder.

S. 10. Wind SW., boisterous. Pmomet only 42 at noon, and 46 at 3P.M.

Mrs. Dickinson, now at Fort Cottage, called, and a young lady from Toronto in Canada called with her. Had a long talk with the latter about America. She knows Mr. & Mrs. Hector - the latter my first cousin - a Parker, d. of my mother’s brother, who many years ago took his family out there to settle his younger sons, when Mr. Hector married one of his daughters.

Read in the paper Mr. Gladstone’s speech, delivered in the H. of Commons on Thursday proposing his new Bill for giving an independent Parliament to Ireland. He tells us it will pacify the Irish and consolidate the Empire. Most men, and not a few of his own party, (who have left him), look at the scheme with dismay, and think it will untie the bonds, and disintegrate the Empire. If Ireland is to have a separate Legislature Assembly, may not Wales and Scotland clamour for the same? He calls it a Domestic Parliament, for the management of their own affairs. The present Irish Peers and Members therefore, are not to sit at all in the English Parliament. The duration of Parliament to be five years. England to reserve to herself the Excise and the Customs, and the control of the Army, Navy, Colonies, and defence of the country. The Irish Parliament not to have power to establish or disestablish any particular religion, nor have power over trade, navigation, coinage, or legal tender. The Peers and Commons, or “two Orders,” are to sit together in the same Chamber, but either “Order,” upon demand, could vote separately. Constituency to consist of persons possessed of £25, or more, and Members to have a property qualification of £200 per annum, or £4000. There would be 204 Members, or 206 if the University sent 2. There would be a Viceroy and his Privy Council, and he might be Roman Catholic. The Irish police to be under the control of the Irish Parliament. (This is strongly denounced.) At the Union the Irish had to pay a proportion of 1 to 7 ½ of the taxation. They now pay 1 to 11 ½, but it is proposed they pay 1 to 14. The proportion of taxation per head in England is about £2,,10,,0, and in Ireland £1,,13,,7. Her proportion of taxation would be £3,242,000.

The above are some of the heads. Extraordinary eagerness and curiosity were manifested by friends to get in to hear the speech This however, is not the whole plan. There is a Land Bill to come, lest the new legislators should confiscate all the land owned by English proprietors - which is nearly all Ireland. People will therefore, suspend their judgement until the other portion is given, which will be in a week or so. The number of statute acres in England and Wales is 27,239,351; in Scotland 19,084,659; and in Ireland 20,326,209.

Sun. Ap. 11. At parish church in pe aftnoon.

M. 12. Mr. Parfitt and his relative Miss Tigh had tea with me.


W. 14. The late Earl of Shaftsbury, the great philanthropist, died in October, aged 83, and his son, the present Earl, aged 55, who has a wife and some children, shot himself in London yesterday. He hired a cab in Regent Street and made the man drive up and down the street two or three times, when the man was suddenly startled at hearing a pistol go off close behind him.

I now learn there has been an inquest. He has been a little wrong in his had lately. One shot went off accidentally, and the ball passed through the cab. The man jumped down, and enquired and expostulated. The Earl made light of it, saying it was all right. The man got up, when he heard a second, when he found him shot thro’ the head.

Th. 15. Beautiful day, Thermo 56. Gardened in transplanting and sowing sweetpeas.

Fri. 16. Wind NE, colder - like March.

M. 19. Wind NE, but a warm current = 62’.

Tu. 20. Before daylight I was awoke by lightning and thunder.

W. 21. Called at Fort Cottage on Mrs. Dickinson, and Miss Clutterbuck, a young lady from Toronto. Had a deal of interesting conversation with her on Canada, and America in general.

Fri. 23. Good Friday, with the usual routine.

Sun. 25. Easter Sunday. Fine day, with a NE wind, but pleasant, and 56.’

At the parish church - remained to the Sacrament, - many people there, and great part of them strangers, probably come for the Easter holidays. Four clergymen gave us the bread and wine - the Vicar, the Curate, and (to me) two strangers. There was too much hurry, and a consequent want of reverence. And in former years the service used to be conducted very differently from it is now. To-day there were plenty of flowers and moss and ferns, and such like decorations displayed on all sides; and two great candles on the Communion Table, which I never saw before; and at the commencement of the service the organ played, and the surpliced boy’s and men marched to their places singing, which on any other occasion would have been great fun from its laughable absurdity. The intervals in the minor key are very difficult to render in good time, and when sung out of tune are horrible. And all these innovations are done in the name of religion - they should rather say, for whim, Roman fashion, and love of display. Where a clergyman promotes it, though he may make ten friends, he will make twenty enemies. That this mania for Ritualism is breaking up the Church into parties, against itself, I have no doubt. The Ritualistic party, with all their good intentions, have done more to break up the Church, and prepare it for destruction, than all her enemies outside her pale. It is a very good church if people Wd let it alone. I an too good a churchman to be a Ritualist.

M. Ap. 26. Easter Monday, and people enjoying themselves out doors. Beautiful bright day - hot sun - coolish NE wind.

Mrs. Dickinson and Miss Clutterbuck had an afternoon tea with me, and we talked a great deal about America and the Americans.

The Water Bill I suppose will now become law. Miss Rastrick opposed it in some alarm, but having withdrawn her opposition, no one probably oppose, though some look with dismay at its powers.


Sidmouth Water Bill has been referred to the Selec

Committee of the House of Commons on Unopposed Bills,

Mrs. Mary Rastrick having withdrawn her opposition.

Passed in June.

Wrote to Miss Alice Hutchinson - “Hutchinson of Charleston” - Dorchester, Mass., Messrs Houghton, Miffin, & Co. Booksellers, Boston, Mass., and Rev. Dr. A. Oliver. New York.

Tu. 27. Had an afternoon tea with the ladies at Fort Cottage.

W. 28. Called on the Vicar, and on Mr. Ede, at Lansdowne. When I came back went to my carpenter to superintend the making of a small bookcase of Gothic design, the plan part of which is being made from my drawings, and a small wooden model, whilst I mean to carve the ornamental portions. It is in wainscot oak. I intend it for my MS, Hist. of Sidmouth, Diary, Sketchbooks, &c., which I leave to the free Library, Exeter. Mr. S.G. Preceval put the idea into my head - Feb. 6.

North-east wind, but a hot wind the past two or three days; 60, and 62 degrees.

Th. 29. Thunder storms up country. Suddenly like winter: 45.

Fri. 30. Cutting wind, but a hot sun.

May 1886.

S. May 1. As frigid a May morning as I remember: a searching NE wind, but a bright sun. Called at Fort Cottage, Mr. Edward Chick had tea with me.

Tu. 4. To-day the Queen opened the Colonial and Indian Exhibition at South with much state and ceremony.

Fri. 7. Began to carve the diaper quatrefoil pattern on the sides of my small bookcase, before they are fixed together.

S. May 8. To-day my young cousin Katherine, daughter of Rev. Wm. H. Preb, of Lichfield, and Vicar of Blurton, co. Staff, and her husband, the Rev. Henry Walsham How, son of the Bishop of Bedford, surprised me with a visit. They were only married on the 4th. They came down from Exeter, where they are delaying a few days in their wedding tour. They took an early dinner with me, ad then went down and spent as much time as they could on the beach. I begged they would count how many waves there were in the sea, and come back and tell me. They had an early tea with me, and then left for Exeter. They were out in their counting about the waves.

Tu. 11. Called on Mrs. Dickenson at Fort Cottage, and found Mrs. Pigot with her. Then on Miss Rastrick at Sea View. She is a clever person, but she forgets her H’s.

And on Mr. and Mrs. Walter Thornton, at the great red brick house opposite, called Hillside. Had an afternoon tea with them. Two young folks with £40,000. Hope they will spend it wisely, but some of their friends are afraid. The house is much too large for them, and is full of costly furniture and bijouterie. She is a pretty and good tempered looking little thing - only one or two and twenty - that I knew as a small girl. Her sister married Dr. Harding, the Organist, against their mother’s consent. - Extravagance, improvidence, debt, immorality - separation!

W. 12. After a spell of two or three weeks of beautiful bright sunshiny weather, with a cold NE wind, we have now a change, and it rained nearly all day. Carved oak three hours - the diamond quatrefoils on the sides of my bookcase.

Allen Ede, just arrived from South Africa, called in. He has been diamond hunting and gold digging, for the past nine years. Mr. Ed. Chick called.

Th. 13. Called at the Ede’s. Allen shewed me four white diamonds, about these

sizes - . And I had another look at the straw-coloured one, - which I noticed July 19, 1879. I asked him how he would know a real diamond among a number of quartz pebbles? He said they are generally crystals more or less cuboids, or octahedron, but the practised eye would be sure to detect them by their appearance; but there is also something in the feel in the mouth. When they think they have found a diamond, they generally put in the mouth to clean it, and this practice tutors the tongue so well in the feel of the surface, that this has become one of the common tests. He assured me he could tell a diamond in the dark by putting it in his mouth. When he was diamond hunting he was near Kimberly. The gold fields are near the eastern side of the Transvaal. He also shewed me three nuggets of gold; two smaller had pieces of white quartz sticking in them, but the largest was entirely pure, and was worth about £26.

Fri. May, 14. Strange stories afloat. Viscount Hilton, son of the Earl Poulett, was born about six months after his father was married - the Earl being certain that he was not his son. Hence he neglected him, and allowed him to grow up with out education, occupation, resources, or means of support. It may be inferred that he quite discarded him. And we are told that he took steps to cut off the entail of the estates. The Viscount - for such he is in law, as he was born in wedlock - has necessarily fallen into low company and bad company - joined strolling players - has been a clown at the Surrey - and now he has been arrested for procuring furniture, and selling it to raise cash - and his got twelve months hard labour. Who is most to blame for all this - and what sort of a woman did the Earl marry? If they can cut off the entail, and keep estates from him, I presume they cannot keep the title from him when the father dies.

Tu. May. 19. The Publishers a day or two ago, sent me five copies of vol. 2, of which I sent one to the Free Library, Queen Street, Exeter, (having given the first ) and one to Mr. W.H.K. Wright, Editor of the “Western Antiquary,” Plymouth. Retaining one for myself, I shall shortly forward one to my nephew P.O.H. in S. Australia, and I have given one to Mr. Lethaby, Bookseller here.

The former volume cost above £380, which however, has nearly all come back; and I think the present will cost £400.

Finished carving the diamond diaper pattern on the sides of my bookcase.

Mr. John de la Pole called, bringing with him the Rev. the Rev. the Hon,ble Stephen Willoughby Lawley. He is a near relative of the Earl of Devon - resides at or near Exminster near Powderham - is an elderly man, unmarried - and his widowed sister Lady Stewart Wortley, heads his house hold.

Fri. 28. Mr. Scrivers, a few days ago from London called.

S. 29. Dr. Radford called, A Battery of Artillery, on its way to Okehampton, for practice on Dartmore arrived here till Monday.

Sun. 30. Went and looked at the guns. They are all along just outside the Esplanade, and their limbers, opposite Portland House.

M. 31. Mrs. E. Chick brought a beautiful little green fish, all over black spots, about 4 inches long, with a blunt head. It probably belongs to a more southern latitude. [June 11. 1883.] Made a drawing of it in my sketchbook. Vol. VI.

The wind NE. Thunder several times.

June 1886.

S. June 5. Called at Fort Cottage. Miss Bessie Gardiner, from Dawlish, is staying there with Mrs. Dickenson.

Sun. 6. Miss Adeline Lord, formerly of Sidmouth, and now here, after 7 years absence, had an early tea with me.

M. 7. Walked to Sid or Seed, by the bank of the river, and had a chat with

Mr. Scriven - and returned.

Miss B. Gardiner and Miss Pigott called, and chatted half an hour. Last night - or rather, some time after midnight, and therefore early this morning - Mr. Gladstone’s “home Rule Bill.” as it is commonly called, which was to give a local Parliament to Ireland, and endanger the safety of the nation, was put to the vote, after a wearisome course of debate, and was rejected by a majority of 30. Curious, that this day last year, Mr. Gladstone’s Ministry met with a similar defeat. Strange, that he should now be counting and offering a Parliament in Dublin to the very men who only a short time ago he was denouncing as traitors - “steeped to the lips in treason,” and “wading though rapine and murder” - &c., &c. Their leaders have openly avowed, over and over again, that this concession was only to be a stepping stone to total independence, and an entire separation from England.

The numbers that voted for the Bill were 311, and it is wonderful that so many could be found to support such a measure; but 85 Irishmen voted in a body, and Mr. Gladstone has the power of a Dictator over his followers, so that many seen to uphold him more from fear than Love; and the number of those who voted against it was 341 - being a difference of 30. It was the fullest House that had ever assembled to decide a great question, the numbers, with the Speaker and the Tellers amounting to 657; and as the entire number is 670, it results that there were only 13 absentees.

Had the majority gone the other way, Mr. Gladstone had intended to have brought in his Irish “Land Bill.” The provisions of this, (as far as they have been made known), were still more startling. The scheme was, to buy up all Ireland, as far as the owners of the land were willing to sell, and the English people were to find the money to do it. We might naturally suppose that if England found the money, the English government would retain the management of it afterwards, but it was to be handed over to men “Steeped to the lips in treason.” It was to have been managed by an “Irish body,” by which the said Irish Parliament was understood. The amount of money was estimated at from £50.000.000 to £180.000.000. It must not be forgotten however, that in 1880, when some discussion on the value of Irish estates was the subject of conversation, Mr. Gladstone then spoke of the whole value as worth from 200 to 300 millions. But no one seems to be able to make a satisfactory estimate on the subject, for in different hands it has ranged from the modest sum of 50 millions. Up to 300 and even 400 millions. Not a hint was given to the country of what the Prime minister had on his mind until his Bills were made public. He concocts his schemes in his study, and then places them before his Ministers for their acceptance, and he cannot brook contradiction. In now taking the sum at the moderate figure of 50 millions, (so as not to frighten people), Mr. Gladstone talked of devoting 10m. The first year, 20m, the second, and 20m. the 3rd. All the agricultural land in Ireland he took at from 8 to 10m., which at 20 years purchase is 160 to 200m. Loans from the Imperial Exchequer were to be set aside for the vast sums. He has been very anxious to get people to vote for his measures without knowing half the details of them. Many, out of fear rather than love, have clung to him and supported him. But some of his old colleagues have had the manly courage to declare that the will have no hand in measures that will lead to a dangerous dismemberment of the Empire. Among these are the Marquis of Hartington, Mr. Chamberlin, Mr, John Brieght, Lord Lymington, &.The Queen went to Scotland last week, but seeing that a crash was impending, sent for the Prime Minester and enquired whether it would be better that she should delay her journey? Perhaps he did not expect to be defeated - but the Queen went. After the result of the division was known, a special messenger was sent to Scotland. Whether Mr. Gladstone will at once resign, or whether he will ask the Queen to dissolve Parliament and have another general election and try to go on with a new Pariament, is not as yet known. He is so fond of office, and the emoluments thereof, and likes so much to be in the midst of a broil, that many think he will be like that good old bull-dog Jowler - “Hold-fast is the best dog after all.”

Wed. June 9. The vicar and Mr. John Clemonts, and one of his daughters called. Much conversation about emigration as a provision for boys, 9 fathers out of 10 not knowing what to do with them after they have got them, and quite forget to consider that point before they got married. Mr. J.C. has 2 or 3 boys in North America, but one of them has lost the ends of several fingers from frost bite.

S.12. Went into Honiton by rail to see about the lodging I was at this time last year. Travelled as far as the Junction with Miss Bessie Gardiner, who is returning to Dawlish. Having arrived at 1.36, called at Mrs. Robins’s in New Street, and then on to Tracey road to Oak Mount, where I arranged to come next Wednesday. Got back by 5 P.M.

Sun. June 13. In the afternoon called on Mrs. Maclenzie, formerly of Sidmouth, but of late mostly in Italy. She’es a person of much reading, given to the fine arts, a painter in oils, and fond of collecting objects or art in her travels. Her oldest daughter was with her.

M. 14. The papers say that Louis, King of Bavraia, has committed suicide. He has been wrong in his head for some time, and has generally been attended by persons to watch him. Being quieter and more composed latterly, he took a walk in the park at Starnberg, accompanied by his medical man Dr. Gudden only. What happened nobody knows exactly; but being missed, a search was made, and the bodies of both of them were fished out of the Lake at ten o’clock at night. By marks on the bank, there appears to have been a struggle. It is supposed that the King threw himself in, and that the Doctor jumped in to try and save him. Called on Mr. and Mrs. George Buttemer at the Elms.

Tu. 15. And they called on me at the Old Chancel.

W. 16. Went over to Oakmount, near Honiton, for a change, as I did this time last year, taking my elder servant with me.

Sat. 19. The air has been very chilly in the shade, though so near midsummer, but to-day, on going outside the door, there was a hot air come on quite suddenly.

Sun. 20. Service this morning at the old Parish church, half a mile south of Honiton; and as I am lodging as far on the north side, it was too far to go on a hot dusty road. To go warm into a church, and sit in a draught, is imprudent for me now. Went to the Wesleyan Chapel in New Street, and heard a very good sermon.

In the afternoon at the large church in the town - an attempt at Norman merging into Early English. Began with the Litany - them the Rector Baptised a child - a few prayers - then he catechised the children - God save the Queen.

M. 21. Longest day. Walked due south across the town of Honiton, under the railway, and on towards “Round Ball Hill”. More than 20 years ago I came over with the Sidmouth Volunteer Artillery, with or carbines, of which I was a Lieutenant, Gustavus Smith, J.P. being Captain. We had a friendly shooting match with the Honiton Rifles somewhere against the flank of Round Hall Hill, and I came out to-day to try and find the place. I had some difficulty, owing to the length of time. But the Honiton Rifles still shoot there, and the Targets were pitched. Whilst we were shooting, our Trumpeter got jolly drunk in the town, and when he mounted this white horse to ride home, with his trumpet slung over his back he got up on one side, and fell off on the other in the street, with the trumpet under him, and squeezed it flat, so that when anybody blew into it, it only groned, like the muffled bray of a donkey. The Captain reprimanded him. And stopped back a quinea of his pay.

Tu. 22. Walked from Oak Mount, over Stoney Bridge, near Tracey, and they through the fields to the Vicarage of Combe Raleigh, to call on the Rev. W. Downes. He was absent for the day at Uffculm.

Th. 24. Midsummer Day. Tea at Mrs. Robons’s.

Fri. 25. Went to Exeter by Rail. Called at the Museum and Free Library - at my Banker’s - at the Institution - on Mr. Henry Gray - and some time in the Cathedral. I had my ivory opera-glass in my pocket - a most useful thing to examine the details of buildings at inaccessible heights. I examined the Minstral’s Gallery, the bosses in the roof, the groyning, the new Ladies Window, over the clock in the north transept, (given by the Ladies,) in which all the figures are women, with carving and gilding in other places. - Returned by railroad.

Sun. 27. At St. Paul’s church, Honiton, in the morning, Mr. Sadler, the Vicar, preached.

M. 28. Parliament was dissolved on Saturday, and for the next fortnight the country will be in a state of excitement about a general election. Instead of resigning office on being defeted, (June 8), he has brought about a Dissolution, under the hope that a new election will give him a majority, and enable him to go on.

Its only seven months since the last Election.

Tu. 29. Finished carving borders round top, and under shelves of my new bookcase, having brought the pieces over with me.

July 1886.

Tu. July 1. Extremely hot and dry for the last fortnight.

Fri. 2. Nomination to-day of Candidants for Parliament for the south-eastern, or Honiton Division of the County. I went to the Town Hall. No one on the Liberal sides has come forward to oppose Sir John Kennaway. Sir John came in with Mr. W.R. Coleridge of Salston, and some others. He came over and shook hands and had a chat. After waiting a sufficient time, and a few forms having been gone through, he was officially declared to be duly elected. So there will be no contest. I happened to have my badges in my pocket, Wch. I affixed to the left lappel of my coat. The first is the new Union Jack Badges, worn not only by Conservatives, but by those Liberals who have deserted Mr. Gladstone in his alliance with the Irish disaffected party, and who consider that the integrity of the Empire is endangered - hence all those who have joined this constitutional party are called “Unionists”; and the second is the Primrose Badge, in honour of the late Earl of Beaconsfield. They are in enamel, and where the metal shews it is gilt.

M.5. Went into Honiton and looked over the Times newspaper to see how the Elections are going on. Everything seems to be going against Mr. Gladstone and his party. The numbers now returned are 244. Of these 173 are Conservatives and Unionists, and only 71 are Gladstoneites,

W. 7. The numbers poled to last night were 365; e.g. - Conserrvatives 199, Liberal Unionists 39, who would work together, equal to 238; against this 87 Gladstonecites, against this 87 Gladstoneites, and 40 Nationalists, together 127.

Walked this evening through the fields to Combe Raleigh Rectory, and called on Mr. and Mrs,. Downes.

Fri. 9. Sir John Phear, who was defeated last November by Sir John Kennaway, has tried his fortune again.He is an approver of Mr, Gladstone’s Irish policy, and he has opposed Lord Ebrington who, tho` a Liberal, rejects it, determined not to endanger the Union. The result is - Ebrington 3917, Phear 2722, at the Totnes Divistion , Sir J, loses by 1195. This is an expensive amusment. The last attempt cost £1116,,8,,4.

The numbers polled to last night were 500. To support Mr. Gladstone 197; against 303.

Sun. 11. At Honiton church in the town. As this church is very large, and as there is a confused eoho; it is hard to hear all that is said.

M. 12. After nearly four weeks of dry hot weather with a NW wind, to-day wind SW and rain from 12 to 4. By this time the papers say that 576 new members have been elected. Classifying them as Unionists and Separatists, as some now do, there are 352 of the former, to 223 of the latter. This gives the Unionists a majority of 129.

W. 14. Returned to Sidmouth. Wrote for the same carriage. Soon after 3 P.M. myself and servant bid farewell to the inmates at Oak Mount, and to Mr. and Mrs. Drew, who were lodging there as well as ourselves, and started for home. Having passed through the lower part of the town of Honiton, we mounted the high hill on the south - said to be 800 feet above the level of the sea, and the highest part seems to be about the sixth milestone from Sidmouth; then passed the Hare and Hounds Public House, when we descended to Sidbury, Sidford, and so to Sidmouth. Got to the Old Chancel before five, Mrs. Knowles having left, and gone to Budleigh last Monday.

Th. 15. Called on the Buttemens at the Elms. They spoke of the dreadful smell of the decayed jelly-fish on the beach whilst I was away. I had heard of it. In the calm hot weather, with the sea as smooth as a pond the water was full of jelly-fish, which were left on the beach when the tide reveded. The edge of the water was likewise of an offensive black. Nearly all the south coast of England, report says, has been the same. Some of the visitors left in consequence. I remember that many years ago a similar occurrence took place - some say in 1851 - or 2. I went out in a boat with some friends. The sea was as smoth as a lake, and multitudes of jelly-fish were floating about.

Fri. 16. Called on Mr. Scrivens, and had tea with him.

Sat. 17. An early dinner with Mr. Ede at Lansdown.

Sun. 18. At the parish church this morning. The Vicar only.

Tu. 20. Mr. Gladstone and his Ministry, finding that the opinion of the country is against him, now that the Elections are nearly completed, and seeing that there is a large majority of Conservatives and liberal Unionists to oppose him in the new Parliament, resigned to-day, and a messenger was sent to the Queen at Osborne.

Fri. 23, It was thought that there would be a coalition Ministry, as the Conservatives and the Unionist Librals have worked so well together in opposing Mr. Gladstone’s Irish policy; but it was found difficult, for some of the eligible Liberals had scruples in joining a new Ministry against their former chief, so the Queen has sent for the Conservatie leader in the House of Lords - The Marquis of Salisbury - and he goes to Osboune to-morrow.

S. 24. The Marquis has gone to Osborne, and we shall hear more soon. A few days ago terminated in London a second lawsuit on the case od Dilke and Crawford, a disgracefully immoral business, in whoch Sir Charles Dilke, has come out very black indeed.

And a disgraceful affair has been the talk of Sidmouth for the last year or two. The Rev. Olmius Morgan, formerly a chaplain in the Royal navy, now near 70, who, with his wife, has lived some ten years at Sidmouth, whom I once knew, bought No.3 Coburgh Terrace two years ago. A servant girl of low repute, he has some time promoted in the house to the place of her Mistress, and the old man and this servant have for more than a year been in the habit of persecuting Mrs. Morgan. Not only have they compelled her to do the house work, but they have dealt her a frequent bloody nose and black eyes, until she considered her life in danger. At last she applied to the Magistrates for protection, and on Thursday the parties went to Ottery, when Mr. Morgan was bound over in the sum of £50 to keep the peace for 12 months towards his wife, and the girl the sum in £10. My tenants in No.4 are much shocked at the vileness of his language, which they hear so near them.

Sun. 25. At the Parish church. We heard the rain falling on the roof. When the service was over one half of the congregation lingered behind. It continued to rain the whole day afterwards.

Fri. July 30. The papers now give the new Conservative Ministry, as follows -

Prine Minister Marquis of Salisbury Vice W.E. Gladstone.

Lord Chancellor Lord Halsbury ----- Lord Hershell.

Foreign Secretary Earl of Iddesleigh ----- Earl of Rosebury.

Secretary for India Colonel Stanley ----- Lord Kimberley.

Chancellor of the Exchequer Lord Randolph Churchill ----- Sir. W. Harcourt.

Secretary for War Mr. W.H. Smith ----- Mr. Campbell-Bannerman.

First Lord of the Admiralty Lord G. Hamilton ----- Marquis of Ripon.

Lord Lieut. Of Ireland Marquis of Londonderry ----- Earl of Aberdeen.

Chief Sec. for Ireland Sir. Mich. Hicks-Beach ----- Mr. John Morley.

President of the Council Lord Cranbrook ----- Earl Spencer.

President of the Luc. Gov. Bd. Mr. Chaplin ----- Mr. Stansfeld.

Pres. Bouard of Trade Mr. E. Stanhope. ----- Mr. Mundella.

Post Master General Mr. H.C. Raikes ----- Lord Wobverton.

First Commiss. Of Works Mr. D. Plunket Vice Earl of Morley.

Attorney General Sir. R. Webster ----- Sir. C. Russell.

Lord Chancellor of Ireland Lord Asbourne ----- Mr. Naish.

Vice Pres. Of the Council Sir H. Holland -----

Solicitor General Sir J. Gorst ----- Sir W. Davy.

It is rumoured that the Opposition, stung by their unexpected defeat, are already laying their plans for hampering and obstructing the new Ministry. Since the above list however, was made out, several alterations have been made.

August 1886.

Sun. Aug. 1. At the parish church, beautiful A.M., rain P.M.

M. 2. Mr. Gladston’s Ministers went over to the Queen at Osborne, and gave up their seals of office, and the new Ministers received them.

Called on Mr. Kennet-Were at Cotlands, and found a party at Lawn tennis. Then on the Miss Caves at Witheby.

Spent the evening with Mr. & Mrs. G. Buttemer at the Elms, Miss Jenkins and Miss Faucett.

Tu. 3. An early dinner with Mr. and Miss Ede, at Lansdowns.

W. 4. Called on Col. Stanfield at the Lodge, near Peak House.

Went to the London Hotel to see the sail by auction of the water Mill, by the river, and adjoining property. - No bid.

Also the piece of land at the bottom of Church Street, abutting on the Market Place, where the old cottages were pulled down. They are going to widen Church street by 30 feet, and sell a plot for 3 houses, measuring 62 feet by 32. This multiplied together amounts to 1984 square feet. It was bought by Morton for Gliddon for £425, which is at the rate of 4s.,, 3d a square foot.

Fri. 6. Drove to Core Hill, and called on Captain Christie. Was overtaken by Mr. Wright the Surgeon, who was going to see Miss Steinman, who has been very ill.

Tu. 10. Called on Mr. Jervis in Cambridge Terrace. He has been more than twenty years at Turin, and married an Italian lady. Also on Mr. and Mrs. Ramson. He is 95 - upright, active, and as clear in intellect as ever. He is the most wonderful man I ever heard of.

W. 11. Called on Dr. Radford at Sidmount. Had a long talk with him on science, art, painting, sculpture, &c., &c.

M. 16. Went to London by the 12-10, Trains full - everybody travelling - and late. Went as usual, to the Charring Cross Hotel - No.302. I slept at this hotel on the very day of its opening, which was May 15. 1865. Went at once to the Colonial and Indian Exhibition, was open at South Kensington, till near ten.

Tu. 17. The Coffee Room was full of visitors at breakfast that it hard to find a table. Went to the Natural History Museum at S. Kensington. This new building is entirely built of yellowish, or yellowish brown terra cotta - walls, columns, carvings, mouldings, foliage, &c., &c., both outside and in. The effect is rather pleasing. This new building now holds what at last there was no room for in the Brit. Museum. The Guadeloupe skeleton is there - also casts of the Engis, and of the Neanderthal skulls, and many Palaeolithic remains. The bulk of the collection is modern.

Then went to the exhibition on the north of it (where I had been before), to examine the machinery, models of ships, &c.

Then to the Colonial and Indian. It is bewildering, from its extensiveness and its variety. There were few things I admired more than the Indian carvings - whether furniture, ornaments, or open screens, looking like graceful filigree work of graceful patterns. Their woven and worked tissues were also very beautiful.

W. 18. At 1.25 took the rail (left side platform) at Kings Cross, and went north to Hatfield; changed trains to Hertford. Walked half a mile to Bengeo, and called on my cousin Mrs. Oliver. She seems wonderfully well now at 80. She was anxious to talk over some family affairs, my book, &c. Had an early tea with her - took the rail at 6.50, and was in London about 8.

Th. 19. Drizzly and rainy nearly all day, with a black smokey east wind. Went to my Publishers, and find that my second vol. is going on as well as I could reasonably expect. Went in the afternoon to the Royal Aquarium, not far from Westminster Abbey. Much disappointed. Expected something very different. There is a live seal in a large tank, and some fish in a small one. The place is an immense room, covered at top with iron and glass like a railway station; stalls with fancy goods, and refreshment rooms all round, (I had tea there) and a small theatre on one side. The pieces were vulgar, and the acting low. There was also some dancing and tumbling. I was surprised to see how the young folks bent their backs; but I was glad when it was over. They ran through the figures here sketched with wonderful rapidity.

And there were two or three small pieces acted, in which the most outrageously absurd antics were introduced, to make the audience laugh. In one a lively, joking conversation was indulged in by 2 men; after a time they pretended to dispute, when one of them caught up a hatchet - the other turned to go - but the first made a blow at him & stuck the hatchet deep into the crown of his bald head. Instead of falling dead, the man walked quietly off the stage, carrying the hatchet sticking in his skull, much to our astonishment.

Fri. 20. Went some four miles to call on Mr. Sirovens on Clapham Common. Beautiful hot sunny day. Took steamer at Hungerford, or Charing Cross pier, as far as Vauxhall Bridge, Very delightful on the water. Walked over the bridge, and took tramcar to Cedars Road, and then walked up to the Common. He was not in, but I saw Miss S., living next door. Returned to the Hotel the same way.

S. 21. Returned from London to Sidmouth. Went over the river by rail, and took train for Devonshire at the Waterloo Station at 11.45. The station much crowded, and every body seemed to be going some where. I rarely get into a crowd without thinking how many ugly people there are in the world. Did not get into my house at Sidmouth till 7 instead of 6.30.

Tu. 24. The Rev. W. Foxley Norris, now lodging at 6 Fort Field Terrace, called and introduced himself. He was attracted by the unusual style of the Old Chancel. Had a long and agreeable conversation on local geology, botany, antiquities, &c., &c. Looking round, his eye fell upon the medallion of Selwin, Bishop of Lichfield, “Surely,” he said, “that is the late Bishop Selwin?” I said it was; that it was modelled in plaster from two photographs, after the Bishop was dead, by a young cousin of mine, son of William Hutchinson, Vicar of Blurton, and Prebendary of Lichfield, “Hutchinson? Prebendary of Lichfield?. Is he your cousin?” “Yes, he is my first cousin - he is the eldest son of my father’s younger brother.” “Why - didn’t his daughter marry a son of How, Bishop of Bedford?” “Yes, last May.” “Well that is curious,” he observed, “for my daughter married another.”

W. 25. Called on Mr. Norris, but he was out.

Th. 26. Regatta at Sidmouth. I hope it will not end in a dispute among the sailors, and a quarrel, as our Regattas generally have. Good sailing breeze from the SW. Young Wright came down from Heavitree - saw the sports - had tea with me - and returned.

Fri. Aug. 27. Called on the Rev. W.F. Norris, and left with him 5 pamphlets on the geology of this neighbourhood.

Sun. 29. At the parish church. Many strangers there. Sidmouth is full of visitors at this season, and the weather is fine and hot.

M. 30. At noon the thermometer in the Oak Room was 71’, and in the Old Chancel, next the Hall, it was 75.

Tu. 31. Warm wind from the east. Called on Dr. Radford. Shewed him my contrivance for testing the permanency of water colours, by drawing stripes of various colours used in water colour painting, across a card, and then covering one half by a card, and leaving the other exposed to the light. A controversy has recently been carried on between Artists, as to whether water colour pictures fade or not.

Mrs. Robins and Ada came from Honiton, and after dinner drove with Ann Newton to Harpford. They returned - had tea - and left for Honiton.

September 1886.

W. Sep. 1. Warm, cloudy, foggy. Returned Mr. Pole, or De la Pole some lithographs he had brought me. Called on Mr. Cowan up Salcombe Hill.

Th. 2. Rain - which has cooled the air.

Sat. 4. Almost every forenoon I spend working at my little carved oak book case, which will take some time longer. - [Feb, 6. Ap. 28. June 8.]

Sun. 5. Remained to the Sacrament. Four clergymen - the Vicar, the Curate, Mr. Norris, and Mr. R. Thornton.

M. 6. A nimber of friends called as if by arrangement, whereas it was quite accidental; - Mr. Ede, - Mrs. Lloyed, ne’e Heineken, from Budleigh Salterton, - Mr. Norris, who returned my 5 pamphlets, - two Miss Kennet Dawsons, of Powys, - Mr. Clements, the Vicar, - Miss Venn, and her nephew, from Payhenbury.

W. 8. Went over to Beer in Spencer’s large carriage (small being out), to see

C.F. Williams, the water colour artist. Found him and Miss Traies at the Dolphin. Walked down to the look out Station. Strong south wind. Saw five boats successively run in before it, till the beach stopped them - a very pretty sight. Dined with them at the Inn, and then looked over his recent pictures - beautiful coast scenes mostly. Had tea with them. Carried over my 2 Vols. I wished them to see the 3 portraits in Vol. 2, done in America. Had tea with them, and left at 6.30, and was home by 7.30. A very pleasant day.

Saw and passed several marks put up by the Ordnance Surveyors, now engaged in the triangulation of the country for new maps on a large scale. There is one on the top of Sidmouth church tower. These marks, which have been up since June, consist of a stout square stake or scantling, perhaps six feet long or more, at the top of which there are four projecting boards, like the arms on a directing post, and all this is surmounted by a thinner staff bearing a little square flag. The whole affair is white - flag and all.

Sat. 11. Mr. & Miss Cowan, of St. Kilda, Salcombe Hill, called. I was out.

Sun. 12. In afternoon. Mr. Sewall preached.

Mon. 13. Early dinner with Mr. Ede. Called on Archdeacon Norris, brother of the Rev. W.F. Norris - out. Had afternoon tea with Mr. & Miss Hardwicke, and a friend called, Mrs. and Miss Hawker called to ask to bring some friends to see the Old Chancel to-morrow.

Tu. 14. Archdeacon Norris and his brother called. A long and pleasant visit. Mrs. & Miss Hawker, Miss Kennady, four young ladies, and two Mr. Hawkers called. The town at this season of the year is full of visitors or former friends. They had scarcely gone, when Mr. Lloyd (who married Miss Heineken) and his son, came in. We had pleasant talk, tea, and then they walked to the station.

Th. 16. Sent off article on the Arms of Devon to the “Western Antiquary,” Plymouth.

Fri. 17. Mr. Stirling came. Walked to the station - train arrived at 4P.M. - took him and luggage to Coburg Cottage.

Sun. 19. Mr. S. went with me to the Parish Church.

Mon. 20. Called on Admiral Lindsay Brine at the Vicarage; on Mrs. Toller, at Oaklands; and on Mr. Judkins - out; Archdeacon, and Rev. W.F. Norris - out.

Tu. Sep. 21. Mr. S. and self called a Lansdowne. Adml. B. called. Gave him the choice of a number of old views of Sidmouth - I having duplicates of them in the 5th. Vol. of my MS. Hist. of Sidmouth. Tea with Mr. S.

W. 22. S. Ede, and Ed. Chick called. S. had tea with me.

Th. 23. Went to school feast at the Vicarage, and saw the children have their tea on the lawn. Had tea with S.

Fri. 24. Stirling left - for London, and soon for Puzzuoli, as the weather is getting colder. Went with him to the station, and saw him off. Walked out to Sid, (commonly pronounced Seed), and called on Mr. Scrivens, recently come down.

Sun. 26. Harvest thanks giving at the Parish church. It was decorated for the occasion - flowers every where almost - corn, fruit, grapes, and half a peck of apples in a heap near my feet. Such is the new fashion.

In the afternoon took a walk up Peek Hill and looked at Mr. Alured’s new house, not roofed in, built of flints and Ham-hill stone.

Tu. 28. Received a package of 12 of Williams’s best water-colours, Wch I wanted, to shew to friends. They range from £5 to 30.

W. 29. Michaelmas Day. Last week very cold; now like summer again, Mr. and Mrs. Maton called. Also Mr. Dolphin. Also the Misses Acraman.

Th. 30. In a 4-wheel to Salcombe Regis, via Sid, Stephen’s Cross, and Trow Hill, to Mr. Morshead. Took him and his two brothers to the Well at Trow, Wch they had made for the poor there. The Well is 96 ½ deep. There is a pump in it, worked by a crank, and turning a fly-wheel with a handle. Returned to their house, where Mrs. Morshead gave us an afternoon tea. Some good family portraits by Northcote in the dining room. Came home down Salcombe Hill.

October 1886.

Fri. Oct. 1. Thunder and a downpour of rain. Mrs. and the Misses Radford called to see the pictures - also Mr. Kennet Were, who brought me a basket of fine peaches.

S. 2. Beautifully fine, after the rain. Mrs. and her step daughter Miss T., and her relative, called to see the water colours - and admired them much. Also E. Chick, Bray, and others. They had never seen the like in Sidmouth.

M. 4. Clark, who keeps a picture shop, came to see pictures and ask questions. Two large views of Beer Head, seven miles east of Sidmouth. (£20 and £30,) much admired; but a view of the beach at Beer, (£25), with boats, nets, fishermen, &c., a calm transparent ocean, and looking east at the chalk cliffs, has charmed all my visitors. Their whole value is £162. If I had known this, I would not have had them. I did not allow any person to touch them but myself and I always washed my hands before taking them out of the portfolio. A soiled or warm finger touching one of them might do irreparable injury. Packed them up, and glad to get rid of the responsibility; - all but one.

Tu. 5. Called at Mrs. Toller’s, Oakland. Saw her, her step-daughter, Miss Toller, and Miss Mackingtosh, staying there. The latter lady has taken one of Williams’s drawings, (£5), and means to take lessons from him.

W. 6. Got a packet from Williams for Miss Mackintosh, he not being certain of her present address. Took it and delivered it. Then walked up Peak Hill, and called on Mr. Tyrrell at Peak Cottage. Violent rain while I was there.

Th. 7. I finished reading Macauley’s Life of Sir Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam, I had always heard he was a clever man, but did not know he was such a bad one. The way he took bribes whilst a Judge on the Bench, and the way he would sacrifice friends, when it suited his personal interest, were something shameful.

Fri. 8. Attended Burial Board meeting. Little more than form. Signed my name to 2 or 3 certificates, done in duplicate, for persons applying for grave spaces.

Sun. Oct. 10. At the pish church. Weather showery and boisterous. Fine in the afternoon and evening for the first time.

Tu. 12. Called on Mr. Fox of Topsham, now lodging at 2 Marine Place.

Th. 14. Finished my Report on the Court Rolls of Sidmouth for the Society of Antiquaries of London, and sent it to the Secretary. Finding it would comprised more matter than I had first expected, I wrote it in a quarto blank book, and it has filled more than 50 pages. And I inserted a coloured map of the parish.

Fri. 15. Furious gale of wind all day from the south-west, with rain. The pears on my tree were shaken off by baskets full, and some broke the greenhouse glass of my other house No.4 Coburg Terrace; and a square wooden cover of a trap door covered with zinc, which had remained quiet and snug for ten years on top of the Old Chancel by its own weight, was lifted off, and making two or three turns and summersaults, flew over the house like a sheet of paper, and pitched on the glass on the eastern side, but no great damage done.

S. 16. Gale continues, but wind going round with the sun and moderating. Got trap door on again, and glass mended.

W. 20. Fine. In Spencer’s large carriage, went to Sidbury, and ½ a mile further to Cotford, to call on Mrs. Bayley. Dismissed the carriage to go back and wait for me at Sidbury. Saw Mrs. and one of the Miss Bayleys, Have known them more or less for 30 years.

Walked back to Sidbury, and called on the Miss Hunts at Court Hall. Saw Miss Dorothea, the last I believe of her generation. When I was a youth her father was the Lord of the Manor. I have known her for 50 years. Her face is slate colour, from having taken nitrate of silver for some complaint, as I have always understood. She has been so for at least 40 years. Her niece, Meta Hunt (some 40) is d. of her elder brother, who had been Consul at Archangel, and married a Russian lady. Also the said Russian lady, Meta’s mother, who used to talk broken English some 35 years ago, when I first knew her. Her second husband was Captn. Frederick Smith, R.N. I said I had been sufficiently surprised at the change in the top of the church tower (and most of the Sidbury people are dis-satisfied) [May 6. 1885], and that I now wished to see how they had restored the interior, Meta said she had the key in the house, and would go with me - so we went. I am pleased with the inside. They seem to have repaired everything without having destroyed anything worth saving. They have retained the ugly west gallery, as being a specimen of Jacobean work. They have made good all defective parts in the colours, and the stonework generally, and have picked out and cleaned out the beautifully carved soffits of the arches at the east ends of the N and S aisles. Also new oak seats throughout. A new octagonal oak pulpit, the architectural ogee arches, with crockets and finials well carved. We returned to the house and had tea together. I then went to the Red Lion for the carriage - had the head closed, as the weather was on the change for rain - and so came home. Stormy evening - rain - distant thunder and lightening about nine.

Fri. 22. Beautiful quiet fine day. Stormy night - wind E. - thunder and lightening after I was asleep, and plenty of rain.

S. 23. A furious game of football in the field between me and the church. Finished skimming over the thick vol. being the Report of the proceedings of the British Association for 1885, now recently issued. The march of modern science, and the wonders of modern discovery, are truly remarkable. Among other interesting subjects I may allude to the triangulation of India; the measurements of arcs to determine the curvature of the earth; that the equator is not a circle, but an ellipse - once thought to have had its longest diameter at 15.34E., but now believed to be at 8.15W.; the meteorology on top of Ben Nevis; the origin of the fishes in the sea of Galilee - and many others. At page 417 I am surprised to see my Report on the changes going on along the coast within my memory. I was asked for some kind of Report, from my long knowledge of the cliffs, and the sea shore. I had no idea what was to be done with it.

Sun. 24. Cold northeaster and rain. Stayed home.

W. Oct. 27. Letter of mine in the Dev. & Exe Gaz. About the Court Rolls.

Sat. 30. Suddenly very mild. Called on Mr. and Mrs. G. Buttemen, the Elms. Then on Mrs. Toller, Oakland, (where there are no oaks), and returned her “Occana,” by P.A. Froude. The vol. is an interesting account of our distant Colonies scattered over the Ocean. He left England in December 1884 - visited the Cape, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sidney, New Zealand, Sanwich Islands, San Francisco, Utah, Chicago, New York, and reached Liverpool by May 16. 1885.

From his description of the Australian colonies, it may appear that the spirit of republicanism is advancing by rapid strides. He takes occasion once or twice to allude to the dispute between Great Britain and her American colonies a century ago, and falling into the mistake of some writers, he says that the Americans rebelled because the English Ministry would not grant them representation in the English Parliament; - quoting the maxim - “no taxation without representation” - that both Franklin and Washington would have been quite satisfied - and that if this boon had been granted there would have been no rebellion - or words to that effect. Froude had not studied his subject very deeply, but had gone no further then the American accounts, which they have tried so much to disseminate in this country. They cry of hardship and injustice at not being represented had been raised as a party cry to win sympathy, but there was no sincerity in it - it was merely a blind to cover their designs for separation. Dr. Ryerson says - “The rulers of Massachusetts Bay Colony were disaffected to the King from the beginning;” and in their Declaration from Philadelphia as addressed to the English people, when speaking of the English Parliament, they say _ “We are not represented, and from our local and other circumstances cannot properly be represented.” Here they betray that they did not want representation, because they were going in for something more.

Rev. W. Foxley Norris called, and we had half an hour’s conversation.

November 1886.

M. Nov. 1. A few days ago Mr. John Pole, or De le Pole, brought me an old deed to look at, and decipher. It proves to be an original Charter of incorporation in Latin, duly abbreviated, according to custom, and granted by James the First to the Mayor and Burgesses of Tregoney, in Cornwall, and dated in 1622. How the Tregoney people have got rid of this document may be a question. It consists of two sheets and a half of parchment, fastened at the bottom with a plaited silk cord, to which is attached the remains of a large seal much broken, the sheets of skin measuring 31 inches wide by 25 deep. The initial letters are very elaborate, and there is a recognisable portrait of James, done with pen and ink, and heightened with shading, the face about the size of a half penny. The following passages occur:-

Jacobus Dei gratia Anglie, Scotie, Francie, et Hibnie Rex, fidei defensor, te. Omnihus ad quos presentes litere pervenerint salutem. Cum Burgus noster de Tregoney in cornitatu nostro Cornub sit Burgus antiquus et populous, Ac maior et Burgenses eiuldem Burgi diversas libertates, franches, imunitat, extempcoes, consuetudires, prebeuuuent, et privilegia habuerunt, ufi et gavisi fuerunt, rone diversoy prescripconu, vfuu t confuetudinu in eodem Burgo, ah antiquo ufitat, habit, vel confuet; Cumq dilecti subditi noftri modo maior t Bergenfes Burgi predicti nobis humilime supplicaverint quatenus nos pro meliori regimine, &c. Quodq nos dictos maior et Bengenfes Bergi predicti tametfi antehac incorporati per Iras patentes noftras . . . non fuerunt in vnu Corpus corporatum, et politicum per uocu maioris et Burgenfiu Burgi de Tregoney in Com Cornub facere, conftituere et de novo cecare . . . prout melius videbitur expedire. Nos volentes . . . ac per prefentes . . volum . . qd predict Burgus de Tregoney . . sit et permeneat perpetuis futuris temporibz liber Burgus, &c. &c. Et qd maior et Bergenfes Burgi predict et succefsores sui habeant imppm comune Sigitt pro caufis et negociis fuis et Succeffoy suoy quibufcunq agend, defervitur. Et qd bene liceat et licebit eifdem maior et Burgens Burgi predict et Succefforibz fuis pro tempore exiften, Sigill illud, detempore in tempus frangere, mutare, et de novo facere, prout eis melius fore videbitur expedire. &c., &c. Affignavim eciam, noiavim . . . . henricum pomery, hugonem monday, Arthurum Ofgood, Johem Jago, willm Cardeux, Johem Collyns, Nicholaum Bonython, et Francifcum Cooke, fore et effe primus et modernos Capital Burgences Burgi predicti . . . Et vlterius, volum . . qd maior et Capital Bergences . . Habeant poteftatem . . eligend et nominanct, et qd eligere et nomiare poffint. vnu probum et discretum virum qui erit et vocabitur Recordator Burgi . . . Conceffin infuper . . qd Maior et senior Capital Burgens . . sint Jufticiar . . . ad pacem noftram . . . Et infuper volum . . . qd ipfi . . habeant et habebunt vnu difcretum et idoneum virum, qui sit, erit, et noiabiur comunis Clericus Burgi . . . Volum eciam . . qd de cetero imppm sint et erunt in Burgo predicto duo Officiar qui erunt et vocabuntur Servieii ad Clavam, Quiquidem Servien ad clavem erint attenden . . et super Maiorem Burgi . . . Et vlterius volum . . . qd bene liceat et licehit maior, &c. . nominare, eligere, et preficere Conftabular ac omes al inferior Officiar Burgi . . . Et vlterius, volum . . . qd ipfi . . . habeant . . quondam Cur de Recordo, dic Lune Semel, in quolibet menfe. Et Vlterius, volum . . . qd Maior et Capital Burgenfes . . non ponantur, nec impanellentur . . ad comparenct in aliquibz Jurat Affis, recognicou, sive Inquficou quibufcunq coram aliquibz Judicibz vel Jufticiar, &c. Et vlterius, volum . . qd ipfi . . habeant et habebunt infra Burg predict vnem prifonam sive Gaolam, pro prefervacone, incarceracone, et falve cuftod omniu et fingulay perfonay attachiat, &c. Et vlterius, volum . . qd Maior et senior Capital Burgens predict in offic Jufticiar pacis . . . per eius vel eoy warrant in script manibz fuis propriis, vel manu fua propria subfcript et signat et signand, mittere poffit . . amnes . . perfonas que in pofterum capt, arreftat, attachiat, vel invent fuerint in Burgo predict, libertat, vel precinct eiufdem, pro prodicon murde, felon, homicid, aut rober fact vel faciend, aut pro sufpicon felonie ad coem Gaolam, &c., &c.

In cuius rei testimoniu has lras nras fieri fecim patentes.

Tefte me ipo apud weftmanafteriu quarto decimo die Junii Anno Regni noftri Anglie , Francie, et hibernie decimo nono, et Scocie quinquagefimo quarto.

Per bre de priuate Sigillo.

Yougc ct prx.

(Signed apparently ) H Manndebills Gum drake

I must enquire how this Charter got alianated from Tregoney, Mr. De la Pole tells me that it was given to him by Mrs. Jewell, the widow of Dr. Jewell who died here a few weeks ago, and to whom Mr. De la Pole shewed some kind attention during his last illness. Mr. De la P. had been informed that Dr. Jewell had resided at Tregoney - that he had lent the Mayor and Corporation money, or somehow had a claim against one or more of them, and that one or more of their old deeds, with the silver mace, if not other articles of the Corporation plate, were given him in part payment. If this is really so it seems very irregular. Even if the Corperation has been dissolved, (of which however, I know nothing), this property was not theirs to give away. Perhaps, if I put a question in the Western Antiquary I may get an answer or an explanation. As to the silver Mace, the widow, who was acomparatively young woman, and Dr. Jewell’s second wife, having now wound up her affairs here, has taken it away with her, and has gone to her father, who is said to be a gentleman’s servant residing in one of the midland counties. - In the Western Antiquary for January 1887, my article appears.

Tu. Nov. 2. Early dinner with Mr. Ede at Lansdowne.

Th. 4. Called on the Buttemers. Mr. Scrivens called in the evening.

Fri. 5. He sent me five dozen pears.

M. 8. Mrs. Jenkinson, and Miss James of Boston, Mass. Called.

W. 10. Mrs. Susan Howe came into my service. My cousin the Rev. John R. Hutchinson, Vicar of Normacot, and son of the late Canon of Lichfield came for a short visit.

Sun. 14. We were at the parish church.

M. 15. He left for London for a few days, and then for home.

Tu. 16. The Rev. R. Creswell, from London, for Teignmouth, called. Seeing the SATOR puzzel in one of my books Wch. is said to be in Great Gedding church in Huntingdonshire, he wrote the puzzel annexed, saying it is not jargon, but it is Latin, but he withholds the meaning for a time. I cannot explain either. I suspect he joked me. As for SATOR, see April 9. 1887.

W. 17. My birthday. I am 76, to my own astonisment. Mr. Cresswell lunched with me, and left for Teignmouth, to see his mother.

Th. Nov. 18. I have recently been studying the hands of some friends, We sometimes speak of the effects of labour on the human frame, and we hear people talk of “the Patriain Hand,” and the “Plebean Hand,” and certainly, there is a great difference between the two, and this difference is chiefly manifest in the thumb. Of the two first examples, - the Patrician thumb has the end joint long and oval and thin below at the neck, the nail being oval or “almond shaped,” strong, and convex, with the point turned down, as in profile No,2. This “almond shape” is somewhat promoted by trimming back and cutting off the insensible skin at the upper end with the nail scissors, and attention to this once in ten days or so prevents “hang-nails.” The Plebean thumb, as in 1 and 3, is stumpy and shapeless, and the nail round, and thin, and turned up at the end, and looking more like the scale of a fish than anything else. And another peculiarity is this - that when the Plebean thumb tries to press anything hard, as in figure 6, the joint A bends inwards, and the joint B outwards, producing a most inelegant form. The high-class hand holds an object - a coin for instance - as in 4, and if it wants to press it hard, would dig the point of the thumb into it, bending joint A outwards, but not bending joint B. This shewn in the whole hands 7 and 8. We are told that it takes three generations to make a gentleman in mind and education, but I never heard how many it takes to develop and form a Patrician hand.

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'In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson' outputs

An introductory leaflet to 'In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson' (pdf)

A summary of our Peter Orlando Hutchinson Year 1 achievements (pdf)

About 'In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson'

In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson (2010-2013) has been delivered by the East Devon AONB Partnership on behalf of and with the financial support of Defra, Devon County Council, East Devon District Council, the Heritage Lottery Fund (Your Heritage) and the Sid Vale Association's Keith Owen Trust Fund.

Phil Planel is your first point of contact for this cultural and historic landscapes project.

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