POH Transcripts - 1888

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January 1888.

Sunday. January 1. 1888. Dull, rainy weather - wind veering from the NE to the SE. This always brings “dirty weather,” as the sailors call it.

M. 2. Wind veering from S to SW, and W. The weather is milder, but a heavy mist and fog, making everything very damp, is now coming in from the sea. How few people there are who can “box the compass,” as they say in nautical phraseology; and yet, it is impossible to have a correct idea as to where or in what direction different distant countries or nearer towns lie, without a general or fair notion of the 32 points that make up the circle. Candidates for a sea life have got to learn it by heart; and landsmen, when they travel, cannot know which way they are going, or whether they are right or wrong, without some certain knowledge of it.

S. 7. All the week mist and fog. Railways impeded, and trains late; in London, business much delayed; and at sea many collisions.

Sun. 8. Wet, cold morning. At church in the afternoon; gas lighted, which warmed it more than the warming apparatus.

M. Jan. 9. The remains of the Emperor Napoleon 111, and of his son, removed

to-day from Chiselhurst to the new Mausoleum at Farnborough, which the Empress has recently had made.

Fri. 13. Attended a meeting of the Burial Board, the Vicar in the Chair. Little to do. Miss Gilcrist and Miss Flood called.

M. 16. Received the first No. of the “Notes and Gleanings,” a Magazine to appear monthly, and in the middle of the month, published in Exeter. I hope it will be well supported by the public. In the articles on the Otterton Cartulary, which I propose to sent it, I wish to preserve the abbreviations, in quoting from the old Latin Charters, or other original documents. I suspect they don’t want to be troubled with these

pot-hookes and hangers in the printing office, and do not want to send to London for them. However, in my letter to-day to the Editor I observed -”I beg to say that whatever abbreviations may be got down for my articles, I shall be happy to pay for them.”

W. 18. Miss Gilcrist and Miss Flood called by arrangement, the latter lady wishing to have an insight into wood carving. They looked over what I had done, as also patterns and models, and brought one or two essays to shew me. Afterwards, whilst we were at our afternoon tea, the younger brother came in. He has recently returned from America.

Fri. 20. Suddenly very mild. Thermomet 54 out of doors.

Sun. 22. At the parish church. The Vicar preached. Towards the evening the bells in the town struck out and rang a peal. People enquired the reason? It is the birthday of Mr. Balfour, the young Lord of the Manor. He is 25 to-day, and by the provisions of his father’s will, [ ] the Trustees give up their trust, and he takes full possession of his property. The Sidmouth people do not look forward to much increase of prosperity in the Manor.

M.23. Sent 2 Queries to the second No. of the Lincolnshire Notes & Queries.

Mr. Stanford called, and gave me a map of Devonshire with the parishes marked.

W.26. Had an early dinner with Mr. & Mrs. Stanford, and niece, at Belgrave House. He shewed me some beautiful coloured maps of a most elaborate kind, emanating from his establishment at Charring Cross, and a splendid folio “Jubilee” volume, dedicated to the Queen.

Th. 27. Mr. & Mrs. Wm Floyd had an afternoon tea with me. The accounts of the severity of the weather from different parts of the world are very striking. In North America, very much so - in Scotland and the northern counties of England, trains stopped and traffic impeded by frost and snow - and unusually servere in some parts of the continent of Europe. The wolves, issuing from the Hungarian forests, from their inability to obtain their usual prey, have rendered travelling, and even walking beyond the limits of the towns dangerous. The papers mention the case of a magistrate, returning home one evening in a sleigh, when many stray wolves hovered about and kept pace with his horse. By some accident the sleigh was jolted, and he was thrown out. Immediately, the whole pack fell upon him and tore him to pieces and devoured him, whilst the horse and driver effected their escape.

Another occurrence is in the paper. A peasant and his son 13 years old, were returning home in a sleigh after work, when they were surrounded by a pack of wolves. Expecting a combined attack , the father pushed the boy off, and then drove the horse home as hard as he could go. The account says he has given himself up to the police.

It would be a national benefit to exterminate these dangerous animals, for no child is safe beyond the cottage door, or an unarmed man on his travels. I should think that dynamite cartridges, covered with a piece of meat or offal, might be contrived to go off by a spring, when pressed by the animal’s own bite; or the carcase of some beast put in a convenient spot, in order to decoy the whole pack together like a flock of sheep, and then direct a few charges of grape shot upon them from a six pounder.

S. Jan. 28. Splendid eclipse of the moon this evening. It was quiet, with a gentle wind from the north, and not a cloud.

It began about 9.30 P.M. the moon having been up some hours; but a considerable time before the shadow touched the moon, there was a long extended penumbra spreading over its south-east side, looking striped, like mare’s-tail clouds, and of a cold gray colour. I have endeavoured to shew it in the first figure above.

The second figure exhibit’s the Moon nearly half eclipsed, about 10, P.M. The shadow was of the same cold blackish gray, and I mention this because it was very different afterwards. The penumbra as usual, or rather more fluffy.

The total obscuration was effected at 10.31, but the third figure represents it at 11.2, when it was at the middle. Here it was of a deep brown, more intense towards the centre. The cold gray had changed to a warmer colour. Perhaps the bright half dazzled the eye, and by contrast made the shade look black and cold. As soon as totality began, and this glare was taken off, then the yellow of the Moon seemed to shine through, producing the most beautiful orange in the thinner part at the commencement, which graduated onwards into a deep rich brown in the middle of totality. But the Moon could be seen in the sky, even when it was at its darkest. As the shadow moved on it began to change from brown to orange as it thinned away.

The fourth figure, at 9 minutes past 12, represents the shadow just leaving the eastern edge of the Moon. This thin edge of light was of a beautiful silvery gray, if it had any colour at all. Perhaps there was a tinge pf prismatic colour, and then the intensest orange, like transparent amber, and far too rich for me to imitate out of my colour box. This deepened into brown at the western edge, as I have endeavoured to represent it. By the time the bright Moon was half uncovered, the eye of the spectator became dazzled again, and the shade lost its warm tints, and cooled into gray.

The eclipse was entirely over at ten minutes after one, and I watched it to the end. It was the finest I remember to have seen, though my glass was small, and the Moon inconveniently high over head.

It is stated in some of the public prints, that at intervals of every 18 years and eleven days, eclipses of a similar nature and number generally occur, and they say that in 1870 the aspects were the same as this year.

Tu. 31. Mr. Tinley, a dealer of 51 Paris Street, Exeter, brought me a small triptic of carved oak. The centre piece, a plaque resembling enamel, represented a woman on her knees, with perhaps an attendant standing behind her, a priest or saint standing before her, with uplifted right hand, and left holding a light or torch, and a man behind him, and above her the words Engverrand de Marigny. There were narrow plaques inside the doors, with quarter circle ones over, and a half circle one over the centre, all painted. He said the plaques were enamelled on copper. I rather doubted, thinking they might be glass, burnt in. The work was old, and apparently foreign. He wanted to sell it, but as I am situated, without wife or family, I buy but little now-a-days.

February 1888.

Wed. February 1. £60 dividend.

Th. 2. Mrs. & Miss Isaacs had tea with me.

Fri. 3. Wind changed to SW, and milder. The description of a great gun I saw recently in the paper - the largest piece of ordnance yet made. It is of steel - 111 tons - nearly 44 feet long - bore 16 ¼ inches in diameter - charge 600 pounds of cocoa powder - and a conical cylindrical shot that weights 1800 pounds. It has been tried at Woolwich. It recoiled 22 feet. The velocity of the shot 1695 feet per second. It was afterwards fired with 700 pounds of powder, and a third time with 800. What iron plates or iron clad ships could resist this? I believe that two of them are soon to be mounted on one of our new ships. - The Sans Pareil. See below.

I saw it mentioned some short time ago that the English government had recently taken possession of the island of Socotra, at the entrance of the Red Sea, - I suppose for strategic reasons. It is 82 miles long, and 20 wide.

The great guns are for the Sans Pareil, I see it stated. She registers 10,470 tons, and is 350 feet long. She was launched the 9th. of last May.

The American papers of last December tell us of an immense Raft of timber containing 27,000 logs. It was sent from Nova Scotia by the owner, Mr. Leary, to go I believe to New York. It was towed by a steamer down the coast as far as Nantucket, when a violent gale of wind and a heavy sea caused it to break loose, and the steamer could not recover it. In a few days the waves broke it all up and scattered it. The tides and currents carried its disjointed parts far and wide, so that for hundreds of miles the ocean was more or less covered with logs, to the danger of navigation. It was the wrong time of year to commit such an unwieldy burden to the chances of the wide ocean.

Sat. Feb. 4. Lord Courtenay’s bankruptcies are again in the papers. Eighteen years ago - in April 1870 - I made an entry respecting them. Three quarters of a million was then the sum spoken of. It says he was made bankrupt in 1870, and paid 1s. in the £ on £100.000, and again in 1878, a 1s.in the £ on £20,000. In both instances it says that the proceedings were annulled. He has now no interest in the family estates, his interest having been conveyed to his father. His unsecured debts are now £5847,,16,,10, and his assets nil. He has been living on £300 a year, allowed him by his father, which ceased at the end of 1886. Adjudication of bankruptcy was pronounced, and first meeting next Tuesday the 7th.

What fools there are in the world, to be sure! [Th. March 15.]

Dined with Mr. & Mrs. Stanford, and Mrs. Fisher, staying with them.

M. 6. Mrs. Stanford brought Mrs. Fisher to see my old fashioned abode, and had an afternoon tea. The latter lady has written several successful books of the advanced character and class of educational works.

Fri. 10. Mild all this week. Called on the Rev. Pigot James, and Mrs. Toller.

Sun. 12. At the parish church. Thermomet gone down to 38’. Church warm

M. 13. Snow storm from the NW.

Tu. 14. Valentine’s Day, and a very wintery Valentine’s Day. Thick snow storm all afternoon, which covered the level ground five or six inches deep. The greatest fall since the memorable snow of February 1881 - just seven years ago. The accounts from North America give us a fearful idea of the severity out there just now. It has been down to 62’ below freezing in Minnesota.

W. 15. Yesterday was Shrove Tuesday, and to-day Ash Wednesday.

S. 18. Finished carving some Ivy and berries in poplar. The white woods are easy to cut, but I prefer oak, or some hard wood, as it cuts cleaner.

Sun. 19. The snow was disappearing, but another fall last night has again covered the ground.

M. 20. Another bankruptcy of a lamentable kind. Some weeks ago, and repeated by adjournments, the affairs of Mr. William Copeland Borlase, late M.P. for St. Austell, and an Under Secretary of State in Mr. Gladstone’s Ministry a few years ago, were under investigation, as published in the papers. I think his place in the west of Cornwall is called Castle Horneck. In a literary and an antiquarian light, the name is of repute in those parts; and I presume that he is a man of cultivated mind, from having heard of his collection of books, curiosities, and works of art, and from having, a few years ago, observed his name on the list of the Vice-Presidents of the Society of Antiquaries of London. The first thing that attracted my attention, was seeing an advertisement some months ago, announcing that his collection was to be sold; after that I heard he had resigned his seat in Parliament. I was astonished. I expressed my surprise to Mr. Franks when he was with me. He knew him well. He said there was a dark eyed lady in the case. At the public examination it was stated that his liabilities were £42,653,,8,,8, of which £19.037,,16,,5 were unsecured, and the assets were £6,371,,0,,4. Madame de Quiros, a Spanish lady, had recovered judgment against him for over £4000. He ascribed his bankruptcy to his expenses in Parliament, and to the persecution he had suffered recently from Madame de Quiros, because he refused to settle £1500 a year upon her. Some people go up hill, and some people go down hill, but the down hill is the quickest.

Sun. 26. Beautiful bright sunshiny day, with scarcely a cloud, but the snow lies in the shady corners, and there is a strong northeaster blowing, “enough to cut a snipe in two.”

M. 27. In a resent memorandum I see it stated that in June, in the year 1886, the population of England and Wales was - 27.870.586. Taking marriages as a test of prosperity, it quotes the year 1853, in which 17.9 per 1000 of the population married, whereas it had fallen in 1886 to 14.1. Being the lowest on record. There has been great depression of late, but happily things now look brighter.

Tu. Feb. 28. Called on Mr. Stanford. Told him the printers in Exeter had a great deal of difficulty about the abbreviations, [Jan. 16.] and had only been able to procure a few characters or signs in London; and did he know of any type founders or dealers that he could recommend me to? He said he thought he might, and offered to write if I wished it. I replied that I should be very glad if he would, and gave him a list of those that they had not procured.

Stayed to an early tea.

W. 29. Last day of February - 5 Wednesdays. See Feb. 29. 1880.

March 1888.

Sat. March 3. Wrote a long letter to the Devon & Exeter Gazette, on the subject of the wild birds, multitudes of them having been killed by the cold.

Tu. 6. My letter appears. The wind has left the north-east, and is moving south. For the past month very cold all over the northern hemisphere of the world, and the papers say there has been snow at Nice and Rome.

Fri. 9. Burial Board meeting. Very little to do there.

A telegram has arrived, saying that the Emperor William, of Germany, died at half past 8 in the morning. Yesterday. He had attained a good old age. His eldest son married the Princess Royal, Queen Victoria’s eldest daughter. He is now Emperor, but his life hangs by a mere thread, for he has been suffering from a sort of cancerous tumour in the top of the throat. A few weeks ago the operation tracheotomy was performed, and he now breaths through a tube inserted in his throat.

M. 12. Confirmation at Sidmouth parish church by Bishop Bickersteth.

Tu. 13. Ordnance Surveyors about the parish, engaged about the new survey of the country. Mr. Stanford has given me a new map of the county, being a skeleton map, with the boundary lines of the parishes laid down.

W. 14. Terrible accounts of a violent gale of wind and snowstorm last Monday in New York. The like never remembered before. The Americans call such a storm a “Blizzard.” Queer English over there.

Th. 15. The King of the Belgians is now in England, on a friendly visit.

Prince Oscar, a younger son of the King of Sweden, has taken a great fancy to Miss Ebba Munck, one of the Maids of Honour, and at last has got consent to marry her. He must resign all preventions to the throne, under any circumstances, and forgo and relinquish many rights and privileges to which, as a Prince of the blood, he was fully entitled. The parties have recently come to England, and the Queen of Sweden has taken a house at Bournemouth. They have been married at St. Stephen’s church. The Queen, his mother was present - also the Crown Princess of Denmark, the Duchess of Albany, Prince Carl, and Prince Eugene of Sweden, &c., &c. Prince Oscar was attended by Count Piper, who is the Swedish Ambassador. The bride was given away by her cousin Colonel Munck. The wedding breakfast took place at Crag Head, the residence of the Queen, his mother.

And Lord Courtenay’s affairs are again in the papers. His reflexions cannot be very cheering. At the examination he said that all his interest in the family estates passed from him in 1871. Since that date his father had allowed him from £350 to £400 a year. This ceased in 1886. Since then he had been assisted by his father and by his friends. In 1875 he got a legacy of about £26.000. He received it at different times, but nearly all of it had gone to his creditors. His father had often paid his debts. Surely his father is more to be pitied than he.

Sat. 17. Sent Clark, my gardener over Salcombe Hill, a mile and a half to Salcombe Regis with two maps for Mr. J.Y. Anderson Morshead, J.P.

W. 21. England is full of great people. The Empress of Austria and her daughter are dashing about London in an open carriage. A few years ago the Empress used to come to England for the hunting season, and follow the hounds too.

But the Queen of England has just gone to the Continent for a few weeks.

Th. 22. A description of my old spring gun, with a woodcut, appears in this month’s number, being No. 3, of the new Exeter periodical ycleped Notes & Gleaning’s.

Procured some mud, abounding in rare animalcule, from a pond at Sid Abbey, Salcombe parish, and sent it to Lord Sidney Osborne, at Pelham House, Lewes, for his microscope.

Fri. 23. I copied the following list of the Royal parks, with their acreage, out of a return recently made. The object is not to make much profit out of them, and it is only in some of them that emoluments may be derived from grass, hay, pasture, timber, or enclosed portions, which are let, or built upon.

Acres. Acres.

Battersea park 199. Regents park 472.

Bushy park 994. Richmond Old Deer park 363.

Greenwich park 185. Richmond and Petersham park 2470.

Hampton Court park 185. St. James’s park 93.

Hyde park 360. Victoria park 212.

Kensington park 19. Windsor great park 5300.

Kensington Gardens 274. Windsor Home park 73.

Kew Gardens 248. Phoenix park, Dublin 1752.

Sat. 24. Cold and wet. Carved pattern on the horizontal bars of the stand for my Bookcase, finished last year. I mean to give the whole affair to the Free Library, Exeter. If I had been a richer man it would have been my pleasure to have built, and also endowed, a Museum and Free Library at Sidmouth.

Sun. 25. Lady Day, and Palm Sunday. Thermometer 43. Afterwards it fell rapidly; wind shifting and unsteady - rain, sleet, snow.

M. 26. Dined with Mr. & Mrs. Stanford at Belgrave House. Mr. Bell, who has been lodging at Sidmouth, a London Publisher, and two young ladies, I believe his daughters.

Fri. March 30. Good Friday. At the parish church. Stayed to the Sacrament. Few people. I have remarked in passed years that most people stay on Easter Sunday.

April 1888.

Th. April 5. Weather fine - cold north-easter - thermom 41, out of doors. Mr. & Mrs. Bardswell, of Surbiton, and their son, now staying here, had an afternoon tea with me, and looked over my MS, Hist, of Sidmouth, and Sketchbooks.

I see it mentioned in the papers, that the 176.600 shares in the Suez Canal are worth £11. 500.000, present money value. I forget what they cost, but I think not half.

Fri. April 13. Had tea with Mr. & Mrs. Stanford, Mrs. Morrish and two young ladies there.

M. 16. Mrs. Hoppus, from London, surprised me with a visit. Off to-morrow.

W. 18. Called on Ramson, Vesey, Thompson, Floyd, & De la Pole.

Th.19. Finished carving the pattern on the horizontal bars of the stand for my Bookcase.

Fri. 20. The papers speak of the condition of the young Emperor of Germany’s health. It is not likely he can survive long. The disease in his throat is not now thought to be cancer, [March 9], but bronchitis has supervened. A dark story has been current lately, but we hope it is not true. The rumour says that the reason why the Queen of England wished that an English physician should be present at the operation for tracheotomy, was a prevailing fear in Germany, that he would not survive it. The existence of a political party that did not want him to outlive his father, (then alive), was more than suspected, and the operators could not be trusted. A dark story indeed!

The present state of the whole continent of Europe is very unsatisfactory, and for a twelvemonth past there has been a feeling of general uneasiness. War seems to be impending, and yet people are asking “What for.” Russia, the insatiable robber, is at the bottom of it. She has been gradually massing troops on the German and Austrian frontiers, and keeping up a perpetual system of intrigue in the affairs of Bulgaria, (on the road to Constantinople), and there has existed a secret treaty between them, to the effect that if either of them is attacked, the other will join with her in the common defence. On the other hand, France makes it no secret, that she is burning with revenge against Germany for the war of 1870, when she lost Alsase and Loraine, and she is watching for a chance to try and get them back. Add to this the fact that France might any day break out into civil war within herself, so violent are party contentions just now.

Sat. Ap. 21. Walked up to St. Kilda, on the slope of Salcombe Hill, and took some patterns of wood carving for Miss Flood, when she returns. She has just bought the lease of Belle Vue, the remainder of the lease being some 60 or 70 years, with ground and garden, reports says, for £1000. This includes furniture and all.

Tu. 24. Mrs. Girdlestone, my tenant at No. 4 Coburg Terrace till Michaelmas, and her sisters, the Misses Damant, left to-day for Southampton. She has underlet it till Michaelmas to Mr. & Mrs. Herries, who have just sold Belle Vue as mentioned.

The Queen has left Florence, and to-day she visit’s the sick Emperor and her daughter the Empress at Charlottenburg Palace, near Berlin.

Fri. 27. The Queen returned to England after several weeks sojourn on the Continent - mostly at Florence.

May 1888.

TU. May 1. May Day - and more like a March day. One child - a boy - called at my house with a branch from a tree coming into leaf, & decorated with pieces of ribbon tied to it, and his is all I saw of Flora, [May 1. 74 & 80.]

S. 5. Mr. & Mrs. Stanford and Arthur their youngest, had tea with me.

Tu. 8. Weather at last feeling more summer like. Had dinner &c., with Mr. & Mrs. Stanford at Belgrave House.

Received the block, with type metal face, of the Preface or Preamble to the Otterton Cartulary. It is reduced in photographing considerably in size.

Fri. May 18. Finished carving the Gothic ornamental parts of the stand for my Bookcase, the perpendicular octagonal legs being covered with a leaf or scale pattern, and the horizontal bars with a Gothic edging. The Bookcase amused me for a year, and the stand since last autumn. The cabinet-maker may do the plain part, and put it together.

Sun. May 20. Whit Sunday - fine, but a cold NE wind, like March.

M. 21. Whit-Monday - a general holiday, not very soberly spent.

Th. 24. The Queen’s Birthday. She is 69. The bells were rung, and flags were hoisted.

W. 30. Mr. Richard Lethably, a Stationer here, who has issued his monthly Journal for 27 years, has recently broken down in health so entirely, that in the May number of it, he takes a rather sad Farewell of his readers, saying that he be utterly unable to carry on for the future. As he has been an industrious and a well conducted citizen, some of his friends have formed themselves into a Committee, and met for the first time on Tuesday the 22nd. The Vicar being Chairman, and myself Hon. Secretary, the object being to collect a sum of money, and present it to him as an intimation of our regard. A Circular was drawn up, and I had it printed. I have been folding, directing, and posting at the rate of 50 a day, but to-day I posted 82. (£61,,4,,0 were given to him.) [Nov. 8.]

Th. 31. Posted 40 more. I have posted 229 in all, and that will be enough. Dined with Mr. & Mrs. Stanford, at the Knowle Hotel, where they have been staying for a few days, and leave for London to-morrow.

June 1888.

Fri. June 1. Finished reading a series of letters in the Spectator on the subject of Milton’s Paradise Lost. They are signed L. The Letters are numbered 267, 273, 279, 285, 291, 297, 303, 309, 327, 333, 339, 345, 351, 357, 363, & 369,. The winter abounds in praise, yet he alludes to certain defects - among them some remarks on the language, somewhat similar to what I have made at Mar.3. 1884, the inharmonious mixture of the Heathen Mythology with orthodox Christianity &c,. Milton makes out that Adam only enjoyed the sweets of Paradise for about ten days.

S. June 2. The king of Sweden arrived on Thursday in Plymouth harbour. He went to Lord Mount Edgecumbe, and stayed a few hours at his seat - then came to Plymouth and took the rail - stopped short time at Exeter - and then went on to join his Queen, still at Bournemouth. [Fed. 15.]

M. 4. Mr. & Mrs. George Buttemer (pron. Butter-meer) had tea with me.

Th. 7. Called on Mrs. Mackenzie, 1 Denby Place. She had a beautiful little green paroquet walking about the room, with a long tail, and a crimson beak. After climbing up her dress, and perching upon her hand, it walked across the table and was determined to come to me. It got on my hat, which was in my lap, and then on my fire finger. It nibbled and pretended to bite my nails, and chattered, and was most sociable. After a time se called it, when it walked back across the table to her again. Unlike other birds, which have three toes before, and one behind, this tribe has two before and two behind.

Called on Dr. Radford this morning at Sidmount, and looked over some of his new books, paintings, and works of art.

Called on Mrs. Carslake, who, like Mrs. Mackenzie, has been during the winter on the Continent. She was daughter of Dr. Barham, of Exeter.

Tu. June 26. Went to London, and put up at the Charing Cross Hotel - as last August 15. Had bed room 137.

W. 27. Called on the Rev. H.G.J. Clements, Vicar of Sidmouth, who is just now in Suffolk Street, Pall Mall. Then went to the Society of Antiquaries at Burlington House, Piccadilly. Shewed them two small (reputed) Rembrandt etchings, being portraits duly signed, and one dated 1643, which I bought in London in 1846 or there about, having been there in that year, and the preceding. I think I got them at a small print shop in or near Great Queen Street, Lincolns Inn Fields, but I have no record of what I gave. I then went to the print Room in the British Museum, where they shewed me a large volume of genuine Rembrandts, which I looked over with considerable interest, comparing mine. They shook their heads doubtingly at mine. I never believed mine were genuine, and they have lain forgotten in a portfolio for years.

Th. 28. But having them with me in London, I shewed them to Mr. Obach, of

20 Cockspur Street, who is an authority or prints and engravings. He asked leave to retain them for a few days, which I acceded to. On receiving them again, he said they appeared to be ingenious immitations.

After this I went to the Danish Exhibition at South Kensington, and to the Italian exhibition. At 8.30 in the evening to the Society of Antiquaries.

Fri. 29. Took the Rail at King’s Cross, and proceeded via Hatfield to Hertford. Walked out to Bengeo, and had tea with my cousin Mrs. Oliver - and returned.

S. 30. Spent the greater part of the day at Bromley with Mr. & Mrs. Stanford.

July 1888.

Sun. July 1. At the Royal Chapel, Whitehall. The painting on the ceiling is black from dirt and smoak, and spoilt by nail heads, (apparently), holding it up.

In the afternoon went down to Greenwich by rail. Went to church. In the vault under this church were laid my mother’s father and mother, Sir W. & Lady Parker, (of Harburn.) Took a walk in the Park. Returned up the river by steamboat. Had not been on this part of the river for many years. Very enjoyable.

M. 2. Took the Rail from Euston Square, and proceeded to Staffordshire to see my cousins at Blurton, ( adjoining Trenthan), and at Noromacot, the next parish. I had not been here since May 1865, when I came to the funeral of J.H. Vicar of Blurton, and Canon of Lichfield. His son is Vicar of Normacot, to which place I went to-day. Rain and chilly weather nearly all way.

Wed. 4. I transferred my domicile to Blurton, my cousin W.P.H.H., being Vicar there, and Prebendary of Lichfield.

Th. 5. Walked about to look at the old places. Since I was here the Vicarage house has been rebuilt, and the garden much enlarged.

Sun. 8. At Blurton church twice.

M.9. Walked out when the chilly rain allowed. Fires all day.

Tu. July 10. Left Staffordshire, and travelled via Birmingham & Bristol to Exeter, and just too late to catch the train for Sidmouth. Slept at my last year’s lodgings, - and bespoke them for this year. Called on a friend or two and then took the rail and got back to Sidmouth, - on the Wednesday.

W. 11. On returning, I hear that Mr. Walter Thornton’s affairs have come to a cricis; - he has been taken to London by one of his brothers - wife gone to her sister, Mrs. Harding, at Camden - sale of effects advertised.

I hear also that Alfred Mitchel, a painter, and Serjeant in the Volunteer Rifles died suddenly on the 3rd. And last Friday was buried in the Cemetery with military honours.

I hear also that William Mortimore (as they spell it,) formerly big drummer in the old Volunteer Artillery, 25 years ago, and recently organ blower in the parish church, but being 83 years old, and failing in mind, has thrown himself off the cliff; and at once killed. It was partly up Salcombe Hill, at the top of the first field. The cliff is nearly perpendicular here and fully 200 feet high.

Tu. July 17. Went over to Hillside, and looked at Walter Thorntons things, which are on sale all this week. One man can live on £40 a year, whilst another comes to grief with £40.000 stock.

This evening Mr. Stirling came to Sidmouth for a short visit.

M. 23. He left, to return soon to the Continent.

W. 25 Went to Exeter, the meeting of the Devonshire Association being held this week in the city. Took my servant Ann Newton with me.

Th. 26. Went to the large room at the Museum to hear the papers read I read nothing, and probably I have read my last. I have grown indifferent of late. Miss Frances B. James, an American lady, read a paper yesterday. Her mother and she are living at Rockbear Court, having let their house at Cambridge, Massachusetts. They have given me a photograph of their drawing room, in which there is a looking-glass, that had been Governor Hutchinson’s.

Fri. July 27. Excursions to Woodbury Castle, &c., Dartmoor, &c. Rainy chilly morning. I did not go.

Sun. 29. At the Cathedral. Rain returning.

August 1888.

W. Aug. 1. During my stay in Exeter I have been often at the Museum and Free Library - copied some particulars about the Courtenay pedigree during one of my visits to the Institution in the Cathedral yard - copied an elephant under one of the misereres, No 27, on the north side of the choir in the Cathedral. - went down to Dawlish, and sketched the Old Maid Rock [see Nov. 9. 1878.] which lost its head last winter; and then walked a mile eastward as far as Langstone Point, and sketched the Elephant Rock, which I observed as I came down by train, had lost its head by the falling away of the cliff. In my Sketchbooks I have now got three sketches of three different aspects of this rock, the firsy being a very good representation of an Elephant. The cliffs are always falling away on this coast. The Parson & Clerk will go some day. Went in Exeter to look at old St. Pancras Church, which is being restored - also out the Heavitree to look at the tombstones of Thomas Hutchinson, and Henrietta, are now against the north wall of the church, removed from the west wall of the churchyard, but the yard has been somewhat enlarged on that side. Called upon friends named Gray, (dined there), Church, (tea’d there), Parfitt, &c. Mrs. Robins and her daughter Ada, came from Honiton to spend the day. Shewed Ada Northernhay, the Castle, Mrs. Gard’s beautiful lawn, &c, &c. Went to the Bury Meadow to hear the band play. In my walks from South Gate down to the Quay, saw some portions of the city wall. To a small Park by the river in the Bonhay, where I found the two Russian guns taken at Sebastopol in 1855, - one of them with a piece knocked out of the side of the muzzle. They used to stand on Northernhay.

Wed. Aug. 15. Returned in a carriage to Sidmouth - bag, baggage, and servant - direct from my lodging to the Old Chancel.

Tu. 21 Alice Godfrey, a young servant I got from an Institution in St. Bartholomew Yard, hoping she will be more steady, honest, and more economical then the general run of the older ones, - came from Exeter to-day.

M. 27. My cousin Sanford Hutchinson, eldest son of Rev. Pred. W.H. & Vic. of Blurton, co, Staff., came to stay with me.

Tu. Regatte at Sidmouth. Storm of wind and rain, with high sea. Nothing could be done. Put off till Thursday. King of the Belgians lift England for home.

W. 29. Better weather, but it is a very wintery summer.

Th. 30. Regatta came off. Moderately favourable, but very chilly. The fireworks in the evening were very good. Several accidents occurred; The Chief Boatman from Salterton got his ear cut by a blow from an oar: a man called Symonds, fell off the west end of the Esplanade wall and broke his arm; H. Potbury got a bad blow in the mouth from the handspike of a crab or capstan on the beach, which knocked out some front teeth and broke his jaw. He is in the Doctor’s hands - tied up can’t masticate; and a young man a tumble from a tricycle.

September 1888.

S. September 1. Stanford left, and took the old coat of Arms on vellum away with him - the same from which the chromolithograph in my 2nd. vol, was taken. Went with him to the Station. Dined at the Elms.

M. 3. Garden party at Mr. Radford’s, Sidmount. Refreshments on the lawn.

Tu. 4. Called on Captain Creighton, I was at his father’s and mother’s wedding. Que le temps passe! Garden party at Mr. & Mrs. Kennet-Were’s, at Cotlands, Lawn tennis, Badminton, and other games on the lawn. No rain, but very cold air. Refreshments in the house. - New Rife range opened to-day.

W. Sep. 5. Called on Mrs. Fawcett. Dined with Mr. & Mrs. W. Floyd. Called on Miss Jenkins, nice of Thomas Jenkins, formerly Lord of the Manor.

Sun. 9. At the parish church.

Sun. 16. Ditto. The weather at last beautiful. It has been bright, steady, hot summer weather since last Sunday, and the first settled weather since the last day of August last year. It has been chilly, rainy, and stormy in a remarkable degree, for 12 months and 10 days. To-day, with a gentle off-shore wind, the sea was like a pond. There were 17 boats anchored off, and several rowing about.

M. 17. All the northern end of the parish of Sidmouth, and several detached houses, the property of W. Hine-Haycock Esq., offered for sale. Only two sales effected. One was at the Market Place, being the corner of Old Fore Street and New Street, bid for and bought by J. Pepperell, Dairyman, for £410 - coloured red. The other was next to it, in Old Fore Street, a house and premises, and bought by Albert Maeer, a Butcher, - coloured green, £370.

Tu. 18. Made a fire in the field and burnt the trimmings of my shrubs, now dry. Alice Godfrey left.

Rev. Mr. Balmain called. Called on the Hine-Haycocks.

W. 19. Afternoon tea with Miss Hardwich, and 3 ladies.

Th. 20. In light carriage 8 miles to Beer, and spent the day with my old friend the Artist, C.F. Williams. As boys, some 50 years ago, we used to go out sketching together. - Young Thomas Hodge - well, 53 now - whom I recollect as a child, and who has latterly called himself Thomas Durell Blake, from his mother’s family, somehow fell over the cliff at Torquay on the 13th. and was killed on the spot. He was not right in the head, and I am told, had a keeper. To-day he was buried in the Hodge vault, on the north side of the tower at Sidmouth.

Fri. 21. Called on the Rev. Dean Carrington, at the Knowle Hotel. Also on

Mrs. Bremridge. The latter shewed me about an ounce of coarse sand that looked like crimson garnets. She said it was so, and came from Ceylon. She gave me some.

Sat. Sep. 22. Took a light carriage, and went over Salcombe Hill to Salcombe. The driver preferred going round by Trow Hill, as less steep. Called at Mr. Morshead’s, where I found Mrs. M. and one of her husbands brothers. Had afternoon tea. They have family paintings by Northcote, Hudson, &c,. Then called at the Vicarage, and saw Mr. & Mrs. Baugh. Got back by six. Beautiful bright hot day.

Sun. 23. Cloudy cold day. Harvest festival. Church in possession of Flora and Pomona. Begging sermon for the schools.

Th. 27. I was busy writing in the Oak R of the Old Chancel. On raising my head, I saw a lady and two girls, with their faces close to the glass, looking into the room. On seeing me they withdrew. They afterwards asked my housekeeper whether the building was a church? I am accustomed to such visits from strangers.

Fri. 28. There are strange occurrences in the world. Just now London is in a state of the greatest excitement and alarm, from the occurrence of 3 or 4 murders of women, accompanied by unusual and horrible circumstances. They have been murdered by cutting their throats, or by strangulation, and then the uterus and the accompanying parts have been cut out and carried away. The Coroner at the inquest of one case told a strange story. He said that it had come to his knowledge, that a man called at several of the medical establishments some time ago, and had asked if he could be supplied, through the means of the London Hospitals, or otherwise, with such specimens? If so, the specimens should not be put in spirits, but in glycerine, as the flaccidity is better preserved, and he would give £20 for each specimen. The man was American. This story caused great sensation. Could the specimens have been wanted for the American market? No English practitioner would buy them - certainly not now. It is alleged that no common murderer has committed these crimes, for the parts have been cut away with sufficient dexterity to prove that the murderer or murderers, have a certain knowledge of anatomy, and possibly not unacquainted with the dissection room. In answer to the enquiries, he was told it was quite impossible to supply him with any such specimens.

Sat. Sep. 29. Michaelmas Day.

Sun. 30. At the pash church. pe Vicar Pached.

October 1888.

M. Oct. 1. Let No. 4 Coburgh Terrace to Mr. Francis Ellis and we signed two Agreements to-day. Mr. Isaacs, a few years ago, gave me £40 for the house & pmises, unfurnished, but times have been bad of late for all real ppty, & so I now put up with £35. Whilst nearly all the necessaries of life have rapidly gone up in price, my rates and taxes have increased, & value of my house and field have diminished.

Tu. 2. Two more murders in London!

W. 3. For the last week or two I have been stick with the number of active and graceful water-wagtails about the field between me & the parish church, mostly towards evening. They are chiefly of the blacker king. The country folks generally call pem “dish-washers.” They flit about as if they were catching flies, and they run beautifully. The weather is cooler, and their food is getting scarcer.

Fri. 5. Mr. Scrivens called.

M. Oct. 15. Mrs Pratt came.

Fri. 26. For the last fortnight rather cold, and wind NE, but fine, dry, and bright; but to-day warm, with wind the SW. Tell me which way the wind blows, & I will tell you what the weather is.

S. 27. Thermometer up to 61’ out of doors.

Sum. 28. At the parish church. Rev. Mr. Charlesworth, a visitor, preached.

M. 29. Mild & rain. Walked up the Salcombe Fields, and called on Mr. Scrivens. The varied colouring on the trees very beautiful.

Tu. 30. Called on Mr. & Mrs Wright. Ploughing match of the Agricultural Association.

W. 31. Miss Hardwich and Miss Frost had afternoon tea with me, and looked over what fossils, cut-and- polished Sidmouth pebbles, and antiques I had in the house; but I have sent the best of what I had to the Exeter Museum.

November 1888.

Sa. November 3. Had afternoon tea with my tenants a No. 4 Coburg Terrace.

Sun. 4. Wind SE & S. Stormy, violent rain, and wind, nearly all day.

W. 7. Snow on the hills.

Th. 8. Mr. Lethaby, the Stationer died. My Sidmouth Guide belongs to him.

Fri. Nov. 9. Prince of Wale’s Birthday. Lord Mayor’s Day.

Sun. 11. At church in the afternoon. Mr. Jenkinson preached.

Tu. 13. Wind and violent rain yesterday. River overflowing its banks.

Fri. 16. Walked up the Salcombe Fields to Sid by the bank of yhe river. Much damage done.

S. 17. My Birthday I shall not put my age upon paper, but I was born in the city of Winchester on the 17th. of November 1810. A friend in Exeter has sent me a large plum cake, and my servant Ann Newton has given me a new china coffee pot.

Fri. 23. The flood in the river has been higher than evey known. It exceeded 7 feet perpendicular. Two men drove a waggon, drawn by two horses, laden with coals, through at the ford opposite the Mill, and a little above the National School. They delivered their coal, and tried to come back the same way, but the waggon was now light, and when the body touched the water, it floated like a boat, and was carried down. People on the banks saw the danger. The horses lost their footing and would have been drowned but ropes were thrown over them from the bank, the harness cut, and they were got out. The men had a narrow escape, but were saved The waggon was turned over and driven against the eastern bank, under the great tree. The wooden bridge for foot passengers had been carried way, and a mile up at Sidcliff - also the wear in the Salcombe Fields. [See T. July 15, 1884.] I got a sketch of the waggon as it lay there. Well, it was turned over and stuck fast, as otherwise it would probably gone to sea too.

M. 26. Taking a turn on the beach, I saw that portion’s of the bridges, trunks of trees, &c., had been recovered at sea, and dragged to the shore.

Tu. 27. Finished an article for “Notes & Gleanings,” of Exeter.

W. 28. Finished some particulars about the Harlewyn family of Sidmouth for Lieut. Col. Vivian, who is preparing on genealogy.

Th. 29. Thunder and lightening last night. Mr. Ellis, my tenant, and Miss Sandford, fad afternoon tea with me.

Fri. 30. Called on the Rev. Pigot James, 6 Fort Field Terrace, and took with me a tiger’s skull that General Balmain brought from India - indeed, he brought several, as the result of his sport. Mr. James was some time there, and he told me many anecdotes about tiger shooting, and he showed me a fine skull of one he shot. It is a more boney and more massive skull than mine, and probably of an older animal. The number of natives killed and eaten by tigers is enormous, and of those who die by snake bites still more.

December 1888.

M. Dec. 3. Some sailors brought a great fish, rather more than six feet long, and something like this sketch in the margin, only done from memory. It was blue-black on the back, and white underneath. It got entangled in a herring net, and that is the way they secured it. They said they did not know what it was, but I took it to be a species of porpoise. I have the jaws of a “Bottle nose porpoise,” very like this.

Fri. 7. New grate put in bedroom with the small fire place up stairs.

S. 8. Finished the Index of Vol. XX, of the Transactions of the Devonshire Association, and sent it to the Editor.

W. 19. A younger generation in Sidmouth, who cannot remember, and never, read about, the many attempts to make piers or harbours at Sidmouth, or the failures, and monstrous losses of money attending these attempts - these younger members of the community are agitating to make a pier, little aware of the cost. Since 1811 I can make out that at least £40.000 have been utterly wasted and lost by mismanaged or ill-judged projects, for which the place has received no kind of benefit whatever. I have a letter in the “Sidmouth Observer” of to-day, and more next week about it.

Received the 12th. and last No. of “Notes and Gleanings,” the last, that is, of the first Vol. My 7th. And concluding article on the Cartulary of Otterton and Sidmouth is in it.

Fri. 21. Shortest day. The ancient custom for old people to go about and beg something “gin Christmas,” that is, “against Christmas,” (The g being hard) has not quite died out. But considering that so many charities now exist, it is not necessary, and fear it goes in strong drink.

Sun. Dec. 23. At parish church. The Vicar took the whole service, and the sermon, (“Let your moderation be known unto all men.” Phil. IV.5.) he just now being without a curate. It is as hard to get a good Curate, as it is to get a good footman.

M. 24. A dull chilly day, disposed to rain. Amongst my scraps I find several forgotten memorandums I meant to have jotted down. Back in the summer H.R.H. the young Prince Christian, son of the Prince and Princess Christian, came to take part in the cricket. He came Aug. 19, and stayed at the Knowle Hotel.

Commander Cook, a lineal descendent of the great navigator, died in September, and on the 21st. of that month his remains were removed to Scotland for interment.

For some months it has been proposed to introduce the Electric light to Exeter. This method was invented by Rothald in 1823.- Gas engines were invented in 1865, in France. - Last August saw the end of the “Great Eastern,” the longest ocean going ship ever built. I think about 600 feet long. I went over her once, as she lay in the Thames, off Rotherhithe. She has always been an unfortunate ship, merchants not patronising her. Her chief use was to lay electric telegraph cables sub-marine. She steamed, and was towed, from Greenock to Liverpool, where she will be broken up.

How our old country families are going down! Better for such a family to live for a generation or two on bread and water than sell the hereditary estate. Courtenay nearly gone - Worth of Worth guite gone. May 22 last, the Worth property near Tiverton was put up to auction. Started at £40.000, and reached £44.000, but bought in. Extent 1382 acres. Rent £2.500. Some portions were afterwards sold. Nov. 13 another auction. Mansion and the rest sold. The whole has realised £55.000. The last Mr. & Mrs. Worth used to be here at Sidmouth. He was too fond of drinking fire-water, and died comparatively young, without children. His sister married a clergyman called Lloyd, and have a family. They called themselves Lloyd Worth. They who for 600 years were “Worth of Worth,” are now Worth of nowhere.

The death of the Earl of Devon at Powderham Castle on Sunday morning. Nov 18, is an event in the county. He has always been much respected. His only son has been down. Report says that Lord Courtenay has no control or power over the estates he has done so much to ruin by his debts. The creditors take the rental. He is now 12th. Earl, but will (deservedly) be a poor man all his life. Rumour has whispered that he was privately married to some low woman, but the papers speak of him as “single,” so the rumour is most likely only idle gossip. People will talk. Nov. 24, buried at Powderham.

On Monday Nov, 26th. The inhabitants, at a public meeting, elected Mr. Kennet Ware. J.P. to the newly constituted County Council. Our division comprises the four parishes of Sidmouth, Sidway, Salcombe , and Branscombe.

Aug, 1 last, the affairs of another great family in difficulties are in the papers. The Earl and Countess of Buckinghamshire, who lived many years a little to the north of Sidmouth, both of whom lie buried in a vault just outside the south side of the Chancel of the parish church, nursed the family estates, which report said, had been hampered by his predecessor. The Earl left sons and daughters, and two of the latter now live on the road, half way to the Station, Lady Charlotte, and Lady Louisa Hobart-Hampdon. The young Earl, a grandson, has difficulty in paying his aunts their allowances, and a lawsuit has commenced to compel him to sell, or otherwise. He has since got married - some say a lady with money.

A monument in Westminster Abbey is an expensive honour. A fee of £400 is charged for putting the late Earl of Shaftesbury’s statue in the Abbey, and subsidised by another of £250.

Runyain’s flute, which he made in prison out of the leg of his stool, is now in the possession of Mr. Howells, tailor, of Spring Gardens, Gainsborough.

They have been celabrating the tercentenary of the destruction of the Spanish Armada very warmly, chiefly at Plymouth. I suppose the annexed woodcut is some medal commemorative of the event.

Tu. 25. Christmas Day. The weather has been extremely boisterous lately. Violent gales of wind from the sea, with much cold rain. The Chrismas season has been kept rather quietly, but none the worse for that. The church decorated - not without vanity.

Th. 27. Had an afternoon tea with my tenant at No.4, and Miss Sandford.

Sun. 30. Fine weather, but cold all the week. North-easter - kept house.

M. 31. Last day of 1888. It has been one of the chilly, showery, dull, and ungenial summers I can recall to memory. It has consequently been unfavourable to vegetables and fruit - potatoes watery, and apples small, and not well ripened. I have heard of a foreigner who came to this country on a temporary visit, and afterwards declared that the only ripe fruit in England was a baked apple.

I spent the evening quietly and alone, but very pleasantly, reading and writing, and working at an article on the Pedigree and Arms, during the early generations of the Courtenay family, and especially at their first settlement in England, which I destine some day for the new Exeter monthly, “Notes & Gleanings,”

In the evening the bells rung as usual, and a muffled peal before midnight, (not muffled enough), and in muffled afterwards. I hope they were comfortable. I was snug and warm in bed. Different people take their comforts in different ways.

I have used this ink for two years, but I now mean to try another, in order to see which keeps its colour best.

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