POH Transcripts - 1892

< Go back to the previous page

Jan. 1. 1892. – Friday, the first day of the new year. Its course will be like the others I suppose.

Sat. Jan. 2. 1892. – At the early hour of 5.20, my cousin John Rogers Hutchinson died this morning of the influenza, at Normacot in Staffordshire. He was born Mar. 6. 1849, married Miss Ruth Hornersley, but Ob. s.p. He was the last male of the line of Elisha, younger son of Governor TH. His sister Mrs Bailey survived.

Sun.Jan. 3. 1892. – Que le temps passé! Have I reached 92!

Not 92 in age – what did I say?  It is but 81 if I remember, In eighteen-ten I saw the light of day, The seventeenth day of dark and dull November.

Wed. Jan. 6. 1892. – the sun, having been at the solstice stand-still, has now begun to move back towards the north. For several days together it seemed to rise in the same place to the south of the chimney of the Sexton’s house, as in the previous sketch, but this morning was clear, and it rose behind the tree to the north of the chimney. I never saw the solstice before.

Th. Jan. 7. 1892. – First snow of the winter. Two showers, that made the country white.

Th. Jan. 14. 1892. – My servant Ann Newton has been with me 23 years today – the only really honest servant I have had since my mother died 37 years ago. This morning died at ¼ past 9, the Prince of Wales’s eldest son, the Duke of Clarence, who was going to be married on the 27th of next month, many preparations for the wedding having been made.  His illness, of not much more than a week’s duration, was the prevailing epidemic, ending in pneumonia. Great surprise and grief in the nation.

Wed.Jan. 1. 1892. – The young Prince, who was 28 on the 8th of last December, and died at Sandringham, was buried at Windsor today. Flags everywhere half mast high, muffled feel at Sidmouth.

Th.Jan. 21. 1892. – The epidemic has greatly increased. This is the third winter it has overrun the country. – the circuit of the whole world, I suppose I may say. At Christmas the normal death rate in London was 22 per 1000, and it is now 40. Last week 1762 above the average died. The report says – “Deaths primarily attributed to influenza, have risen from 19 to 506.” At Brighton the death rate has run up to 60 per 1000. At Sidmouth one sixth of the population has been affected – and I have not escaped. The cause of this visitation is not doubtful. The microscope professes to have discovered organisms of extreme minuteness in diseased tissues which may be communicated, or even inhaled by healthy people. The French metre has been adopted as the standard of measurement. It is nearly 40 inches long English, i.e 39.37 inches. The centimetre is about 4/10 of an inch. But when we want to divide these into thousandths and millionths, we are utterly lost. The millimetre is 4/100ths of an inch, or i/25th, and the millionth of a metre is equal to the 1/25000 th of an inch, and of course too small for sight. The thousandth of a millimetre, known as the micro-millimetre, is expressed by the Greek ? or ?, or by mk, or by the three letters mmm. The microscope shows that the germs of life, of which there many genere and species, take many shapes, as of worms, threads, globules, the latter most frequently, and these last will multiply without end by going from the spherical form to the egg-shape, the elongated, then dividing into two, like this .........................

Tu.Jan. 26. 1892. – The papers mention the death of Professor Adams who, about the year 1843, discovered the distant planet Neptune.

Tu. Feb. 9. 1892. – Parliament meets today, for its last session.

Wed. Feb. 17. 1892. – In the early part of January me and my servants were all taken with influenza colds at the same time. Perhaps we inhaled microbes unawares, but mine took the form of bronchitis, and the servants’ of bad colds and coughs. After a miserable month and more I am now tolerably well again, and am gaining strength every day.

March. 18. 1892. – Variable weather all the month – cold wind, snow showers, fine occasionally, wind and rain, today clear bright sun, hot, cold North-easter. At last the influenza epidemic seems to have died out and left this neighbourhood. Finished reading Shakespeare’s Henry VIII. The play opens with the birth and baptism of her child Elizabeth. The picture of the times is one of selfishness, craft, violence and revenge.

Fri. April 1. 1892. – The weather is bright, the sun hot, but the north-easter is cold.

Tu. April 5. 1892. –   The death of John Murray the publisher, of Albermarl street is announced. He was 83. And the Proteus at the zoological gardens has died. I had one of these strange amphibious Batrachians in my hand one evening at a soiree at the Marquis of Northampton’s in Piccadilly Terrace, in 1846. The creature lives in the water in dark caverns in southern Europe and eyes have not been developed, but at the place there is a slight projection covered with skin. In shape it is like an alligator, with a long body, and four little legs with fingers. The skin smooth clean, and flesh colour. It was in a large glass vessel in the water. The attendant took it out and put it in my hand. It was lively, and soon ran out of my hand into the water again. It was about 6 or 7 inches long.

Wed. April 6. 1892. – The Bishop of Exeter has conferred the rite of Confirmation on 38 idiots now at the asylum at Exminster, and a great controversy on the subject has arisen in the neighbourhood.

Th. April 7. 1892. – Swallows are said to have been seen some days ago. If so, it is early.

Good Friday. April 15. 1892. – Fine dry, but cold north-east wind.

Sun. April 17. 1892. – Easter Sunday. Four services at the parish schurch. After some pleasant weather it has again become very cold – a searching north-easter, with many snow flake in the air.

Th. April 21. 1892. – Finished reading Shakespeare’s Coriolanus. The play begins with certain citizens considering Coriolanus as proud, haughty, and an enemy to the people. Resolve to kill him for his pride. The neighbouring Volscians project an invasion of Roman territory. Corialanus leads the Roman forces against them – storms Corioli, their chief city and takers it – hence named Coriolanus. Returns in triumph. Is proposed for Consul. Despises the plebeians too much to stop them, and asks for their votes, saying: - “Twas never my desire to trouble the poor with begging.” The indignant people threaten to throw him from the Tarpeion Rock, but he is banished from Rome. In disgust at his ungrateful countrymen, he retires to the Volscians, who are preparing for a new attack upon Rome, and he commands a wing of their army. The terrified Romans, when he is taken before their walls, come out and use every art and argument and prayer to soften him, and try to move him to spare the city but in vain. His mother, wife, and young son then come out, and at last he yields to them. He returns with the Volscians to their country, but after a time old jealousies return and they kill him.

Sunday. May 1. 1892. – May Day. A cold north-easter, and a late season.

Mon. May 2. 1892. – The Devon and Exeter Gazette is issued at a reduced price. Tuesday and Friday a penny, and the other four days one half-penny.

Tu. May 3. 1892. – After a sojourn of several weeks at Hyeres in the Mediterranean, the queen returned to England today.

Wed. May 11. 1892. – Beautiful eclipse of the moon this evening. It was well seen, for the sky was cloudless, and the night was calm. The obscuration began at 9.10 by a brush or diffused penumbra, as shewn in No. 1 of the different phases sketched in the margin. No. 2. Represents the appearance at about 9.45. No.3 at 10.10. No. 4 as it appeared at 10.40, when the whole disc of the moon could be seen, the shadow gradually losing its cold gray, and becoming of a warm brown tint as the light portion grew less and less. No. 5 was the greatest obscuration, at 10.53, when nothing but a thin line of light remained; and the shadow, at the edge, had assumed a beautiful yellow tinge, passing into orange, and then into brown. In this it resembled the changes of colour which I copied on the night of the 28th January 1888 at the total eclipse then occurring. As the shadow then began to pass off, it lost its brown tint, and returned to cold gray as the light got stronger, and as given in No. 6. In No. 7, at about a quarter before twelve, one half of the moon was in light; and the last brush of the penumbra finally left it at 23 minutes before one o’clock. I watched it to the end.

Mon. May 16. 1892. – Changed my bedroom for the summer, but my bedroom is not very summery, and vegetation is very backward.

Th. May 19. 1892. – At Cotlands. Discussion about proposed new music room.

Fri. May 20. 1892. – Dined at Mrs Hunt’s, at Redcliffe.

A return says that the amount of fish imported into Sidmouth in 1890 was 2123 cwts value £2152, and including shell fish £3779. In 1891 it fell to 1795 cwts valued at £1043, and with shell fish at £1188.

Tu. May 24. 1892. – The Queen’s Birthday. She is 73, and has reigned 55 years.

Wed. May 25. 1892. – By a curious custom, the Birthday is kept today.

Wed. June 1. 1892. – The young Lord Haldon again. [Jan 20. 1891] The Haldon estates to be sold in 80 lots. The mansion and grounds, other houses, farms, etc., about 4174 acres. Rental p an £4900 – not enough for a young man to live on.

Mon. June 13. 1892. – Drove to Arcot House and Core Hill to call on friends.

Wed. June 15. 1892. – after 20 years interval, read Mr Clement’s (Vicar’s) tour in Palestine.

Th. June 16. 1892. – I see it stated that chromic acid 1 part and water 100, relieves viper bites.

Sat. June 25. 1892. – Some friends, at my invitation, met at the Old Chancel. I laid before them some papers and letters sent to me by Sir John Kennaway, bearing on the parliamentary election.

Wed. July 13. 1892. – Parliament, after a duration of upwards of six years, was duly prorogued and dissolved a short time ago, and the general election for a new Parliament has commenced. With the Marquis of Salisbury as Prime Minister, we have been at peace with all nations – with prosperity at home – and Ireland calmed down, quiet and peaceable; - very different form the state of riot, confusion, violence and murder, as it existed during Mr Gladstone’s ministry. Today the polling for the south-eastern division of Devon , the candidates being Sir John Kennaway, Conservative, and a Dr Aubrey, (American LLD) from Croydon, a radical and Gladstone-ite. Sir John had my vote of course, and a splendid victory we obtained. The numbers were – Kennaway 4591; Aubrey 2565; the majority for Kennaway being 2026.

Sat. July 16. 1892. – The General Election is over for Devonshire. Total number of votes, i.e. ‘Unionist’ or those who advocate the present close union between this country and Ireland, 53092; and ‘Gladstonian’, or ‘separatist’, or those who are for supporting Mr Gladstone’s dangerous projects for giving Ireland ‘Home Rule’, as the cry is, with all its separatist risks and hazards. Everyone knows he is fishing for the ‘Irish Vote’. In this county his supporters have been 49083.

Wed. July 27. 1892. – The last of the elections were completed today, and by the aid of the Irish voters, Mr Gladstone is likely to be Prime Minister again, with a running majority of 40. We shall see when Parliament meets in August. Curiously enough, nearly all the Irish members now returned, are men who a few years ago when he was in power he denounced as rebels and criminals, and sent to prison without trial. I think there were 60 or 70 in prison all at one time.

Fri. July 29. 1892. – Down hill – down hill! [Jan.20.1891] Haldon House with 2174.1.33 acres, rental £2470.16.4 for £46000. Also the race course,  49.1.14 acres rent £60, for £500. Also many other lots, the whole sale amounting to £86000. Several earthquake shocks at Pentewan near Mevagissey in Cornwall. Vesuvius and Etna are in active eruption – especially the latter.

Wed. July 31. 1892. – Mr Clements, wife of the Vicar of Sidmouth, died about 6 PM. Great heat in America, and 50 deaths from it in Chicago. Thermometer 107 in the shade July 29, and 98 deaths. Great mortality among young children.

Th. Aug. 4 1892. – The new Parliament – the 13th of her majesty’s reign – meets today for a short session, with the old Ministry. Swearing in members. The first representative from India, long resident in England, has obtained a seat. A novelty worth recording.

Fri. Aug. 5 1892. – Groc Cart opened by pe Arch. Ep at St Paul’s Cath.

Fri. Aug. 11 1892. – All the members being sworn in, the first motion of the opposition to the Conservative members was a motion of ‘want of confidence’, as the best way of attacking them. There were 660 members present: 310 supported the old ministry, but the whole body of the Irish Members, with visions of ‘Home Rule’ before their eyes voted ‘en bloc’ with the opposition, and made a total of 350. This was a majority of 40. The Marquis of Salisbury soon after resigned.

Th. Aug. 18 1892. – This morning early, at 20 or 30 minutes after midnight, there was a shock of earthquake, which was repeated afterwards. I was asleep and did not feel it, but several in Sidmouth did. It was strongest at Pembroke Dock, and was felt all over South Wales, and Devon and Cornwall.

Fri. Aug. 19 1892. – The papers say that the ruins of the palace of Versailles have been sold to a contractor for 3000 francs to clear away! The palace was set on fire by the Communists firing from Mount Valerian, when the Germans had possession in 1870. Quod non Germani tentaverunt, hoc Galli turpiter fecerunt.

Sat.  Aug. 27 1892. – gave a lecture on Geology to some friends at my residence, the Old Chancel, and then an afternoon tea. Several large drawings to aid me.

Wed. Aug. 4 1892. – Mr Gladstone, the new Prime Minister, walking in his park at Howarden, was knocked down by a heifer which had strayed into the grounds, and made a run at him. No bones broken – only much shaken. The cholera has been walking on from Asia for the last month or two. It is very bad on the Continent. Yesterday, according to the papers, the cases and deaths were as in the margin. Three cases in England, of poor and dirty people just landed from Germany. No others, and great precautions taken. Havre: 71 cases 17 deaths; Antwerp: 20,4; St Petesburg: 156, 41; Hamburg: 810, 319.

Wed. Sep. 7. 1892. – Repeated my lecture or address on Geology, making preliminary remarks on the heavenly bodies – the Nebulae, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, the Moon and on our earth; showing by many illustrations of these stepping stones, how they form a chain of evidence, leading us to feel that there is an intimate connection between them. Then I dealt with our Earth only, - its long series of formations above the granite; progress of organic life, fossils, disruptions and volcanic action, thickness of the earth’s crust, etc., etc.  and ... (See back about .... at may 7. 1885.]

Th. Sep. 8. 1892. – The papers say that the heifer that knocked down Mr Gladstone has been killed: that the owner sold the skin for £5.00: that he was offered £10 for the head, horns, etc., refused: and that he has been selling the teeth at half a crown a piece. He is much wiser than the geese who bought them [W. Aug. 31].

Sat. Sep. 10. 1892. – Mr Stirling, first from Wiesbaden, and now from London, arrived.

Tues. Sep. 13. 1892. – Athletic sports in the fort field – bicycle races, running, jumping, etc.

Th. Sep. 22. 1892. – Mr Stirling left for London and Wiesbaden.

Sat. Oct. 1. 1892. – For the third time, and to a new group of friends, my lecture on Geology. By going back to the most rudimentary of the Nebulae (a small patch of haze) and then to the larger; then to the remarkable one in Andromeida, apparently revolving rapidly on its centre, and with its fleecy incipient Ring about it, so like an unfinished Saturn; and then to Saturn in our solar system; and then Jupiter, still somewhat nebulous; then Mars, more solid and earthy; then the moon, once an incandescent globe of fiery volcanoes; and lastly to our own earth, at one time not very different from it – by following these stepping stones we seem to trace the history of the advancing changes through which our own globe has gone. Then proceeded to the strictly geological past, and last some remarks on the signification of the word ... as before. My audience were – Mr Kennet Were, J.P., C.C., Mrs Hunt, Lady Charlotte Hobart-Hampden, Miss Harrison, and Miss Cave, sister of the late Sir Stephen Cave, M. P. [See back, Dec. 27. 1880]. The weather is now getting chilly, autumnal and unsettled, and I won’t give any more.

Sun. Oct. 2. 1892. – At church, sacrament Sunday. Great many there today.

Mon. Oct 3. 1892. – The cholera still rages on the Continent. Everything is done to try and keep it out of England. Worse at Hamburg than anywhere. On Friday, Sep. 16, there were 687 new cases, 213 deaths, and 346 burials. In the hospitals there were 3008 persons. Since the outbreak 3000 children have died: and there are 8400 orphans.

Mon. Oct 10. 1892. – During the past week the cholera has been progressively diminishing. Only 24 deaths today, 4 deaths and burials not stated. There are 713 in the hospitals.

Wed. Oct 12. 1892. – Dined at Mrs Hunt’s at, at Redcliffe: - Lady Louisa Hobart-Hampden, and a lady staying there, made all the company. Gave Lady L. 75 old letters her father wrote to me nearly 30 years ago.

Th. Oct 13. 1892. – Lord Tennyson, the Poet Laureate, died about 1.30 AM on the 6th at Aldworth, Hazelmere, Sussex, and was buried yesterday in Westminster Abbey. The small fry of poets are in a flutter, discussing who is to be appointed next. Public opinion is rather against  appointing anybody. Times are changed – education is advanced – monarchs don’t require paid poets to sing their praises – it is becoming laughable. Let it drop.

Sat. Oct 22. 1892. – Very cold for October. Changed bedroom for the winter.

Tu. Nov. 1. 1892. – Dined at Mrs Hunt’s. Eight at dinner. Lady Louisa was there, but sent to Lady Charlotte, her sister, the tanned skin of a Boa constrictor which Lord Hobart brought from America many years ago. The Earl of B. Gave it to me 30 years ago, but I am glad to return it to the family, as I am alone here, putting my house in order.

Sat. Nov. 5. 1892. – Caught cold in my head, but without knowing how or why.

Sun. Nov. 6. 1892. – Worse, and so I kept in the house all day.

Mon. Nov. 7. 1892. – Worse. Can it be another attack of the influenza? Dent for Dr Pullin. It developed itself still more. I got miserably ill. He visited me twice -  every day for the first fortnight, and once for 2 or 3 weeks more.

Th. Nov. 17. 1892. – My birthday – 82.

Th. Dec. 1. 1892. – Getting better – weak – pulled down – thin – lost flesh.

Sat. Dec 31. 1892. – Get up a few hours every day. Told to ‘feed up’, and get strength.

Having a good appetite and a good digestion, I can obey orders.

< Go back to the previous page

Contact Us

East Devon AONB Partnership
Kennaway House
Coburg Road, Sidmouth
EX10 8NG

Tel: 01404 46663

Email : info@eastdevonaonb.org.uk

Subscribe to our e-newsletter

Follow Us:twitter logo

'In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson' outputs

An introductory leaflet to 'In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson' (pdf)

A summary of our Peter Orlando Hutchinson Year 1 achievements (pdf)

About 'In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson'

In the Footsteps of Peter Orlando Hutchinson (2010-2013) has been delivered by the East Devon AONB Partnership on behalf of and with the financial support of Defra, Devon County Council, East Devon District Council, the Heritage Lottery Fund (Your Heritage) and the Sid Vale Association's Keith Owen Trust Fund.

Phil Planel is your first point of contact for this cultural and historic landscapes project.

Find out more >